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Sankhíhten

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Sankhíhten
[sanˈkʰiːʰte̞n]
Type Agglutinative/Analytic
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words  ? of 1500
Creator AKsroa4a

Sankhíhten ([sanˈkʰiːʰte̞n], anglicized Sankiten) is the ancient language of a former trade empire that was located in modern Se Nil éce Λúba, Sèè Tjálaa Èkuuholààta, and /TBD\, in northeastern Hkáslyhtá (Kaslota) on the planet Íslíŋŋ (Aysling). Sankhíhten was used throughout the trade empire and beyond as a lingua franca, and eventually came to displace some native local languages. The language continued to be used for centuries after the decline of the trade empire as a language of science and faith, until eventually losing favor to regional languages such as Iathi, Vaseyka, and Oedilaaiffe.

Classification and DialectsEdit

Sankhíhten is the oldest attested member of the Lhuban family of languages, and one of the oldest attested languages on the planet. As the trade empire aged, Sankhíhten developed two distinct registers, Classical Sankhíhten and Common Sankhíhten. The Classical form was used for government, liturgy, and respectable business for the entire span of the trade empire's existence and for many centuries after its decline; this will be the register that constitutes the focus of this article. The Common register remained the tongue of the common people, however, and after the decline of the empire it continued to evolve into the modern Lhuban languages: IathiVaseyka, and Throlyen. These languages eventually displaced Sankhíhten in terms of use, however the language still holds much esteem throughout the region and is still commonly taught in higher education.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m  n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative s z
Approximant ʋ ɹ ~ r j ʁ̞ h
Trill
Lateral app. l
  • plosives, nasals and /h/ may be geminate
  • [ɹ] in syllable-initial consonant clusters, [r] in syllable coda and intervocallically.
  • geminate /h/ becomes [ħ]
  • /hC/ series, where C is a voiceless plosive, are realized as preaspirated stops; likewise, /Ch/ series are realized as aspirated stops

VowelsEdit

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.
Front Central Back
High i ɨ u
Mid
Low a
  • all vowels can be long

DiphthongsEdit

Permitted diphthongs include /ai/, /au/, /aɨ/, /eɨ/, and /oɨ/ /ai/, /au/, /ei/, /ou/, /eu/, /oi/, /iu/ and /ui/.

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllable onsets are allowed to be one of the following structures: (h/T)(T)(R/h/s/l), (D)(D)(R/z/l), or (N)(R), where T = {p t k}, R = {ʋ r j ʁ}, D = {b d g}, and N = {m n ŋ}. Clusters with /h/ become phonetic pre- or post-aspirated stops. Syllable medials can be monophthongs or diphthongs. Syllable codas may be (N)(S), where N = {m n ŋ l r} and S = {s z m n ŋ}. All intrasyllable TT, DD or NN clusters must be homorganic, effectively rendering them geminates.

StressEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Pp Bb Tt Dd Kk Gg Ss Zz Mm Nn Ŋŋ Vv
Sound /p/ /b/ /t/ /d/ /k/ /g/ /s/ /z/ /m/ /n/ /ŋ/ /ʋ/
Letter Rr Jj Qq Ll Hh Aa Ee Ii Yy Oo Uu
Sound /r/ /j/ /ʁ/ /l/ /h/ /a/ /e/ /i/ /ɨ/ /o/ /u/

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1Edit

  • Zai htéhóní thelshta álsór hkemmiesór phílatha le se djaubvens le zai thjetalei htje mailjoutha. Dánn álsór pańkhisór si se htjren le se hénúl só dánn auhtrankór ppa se on tashta si se hkúhpebvo htje e htémei.
    • ​[ˈzai̯ ʰteːˈhoːniː ˈtʰelsʰta ˈaːlsoːr ˈʰkemːi̯esoːr ˈpʰiːlatʰa le ˈse ˈdjau̯bʋens le ˈzai̯ tʰjeˈtalei̯ ʰtje ˈmai̯ljou̯tʰa ˈdaːnːtu ˈaːlsoːr ˈpaŋkʰisoːr si ˈse ˈʰtjɹen le ˈse ˈheːnuːl soː ˈdaːnː ˈau̯ʰtɹankoːr pːa ˈse ˈon ˈtasʰta si ˈse ʰkuːˈʰpebʋo ʰtje ˈe ˈʰteːmei̯]
    • "All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood." 

Sound ChangesEdit

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.

To IathiEdit

  • hT > T > D > Ð
  • Th > Θ
  • TT > (ΘT) > sT
  • DD > (ÐD) > zD
  • VNN > VN > Ṽ
  • i i: y y: e e: ɯ ɯ: u u: a a: > ɪ i ø y ɛ e ɤ ɯ ʊ u a ɐ
  • a# > ə#
  • Pʋ > F, ʋ > w ! #ʋ > #v
  • Tj > C
  • Kʁ > Q, ʁ > (ʁ/r)?
  • Cl > Cj
  • umlaut, harmony, dissimilation, echo vowel stuff to add later*

To VasykaaEdit

  • Vn > Ṽ
  • lN > N:
  • Nl > l:
  • ʋ > v [or] ʋ > w > [round+back preceding vowel]

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