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Saso/Lesson 2

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IntroductionEdit

Slisi to Saso lessons. Saso lessons are divided into units, this is unit one. Unit 1 is designed to teach the very basics of Saso. At the end of this unit you should be able to understand noun declensions and verb conjugations in the present tense, and construct basic sentences.

Lessons 2 and 3 will teach the concepts of verb conjugations and noun declensions in plain English. Lesson 4 will explain the formation of setnences. Lessons 5, 6, and 7 will then provide the conjugations, and declensions. Pronouns are introduced in lesson 7. Lesson 8 will explain the formation of sentences using pronouns. Lesson 9 will be a summary of the unit. 

The VerbEdit

The verb carries the action of the setence. It is one of the fundamental parts of speech, and without it would not be able to express even the most basic ideas. 

In English, you are taught subject verb agreement. The subject must agree with the noun. It is the difference between He loves chocolate and They love chocolate. One wold never say He love chocolate or They loves chocolate. 

To agree with a noun, most verbs in English add or drop an s. This is added to the end of the infinitive form of the verb . The s is a verb conjugation. Conjugating a verb is the act of having the verb agree with the rest of the sentence. The part(s) of the verb that change are called the conjugation(s). In English, this is the letter s.

Verbs in Saso have 2 parts to the conjugation, the prefix, and the suffix. The prefix indicates the mood of the verb. The mood of the verb is kinda like the way the verb is used. The main mood you are most likely familiar with is the indicative mood, used for expressing actions. English heavily stresses this mood, and it appears most often. 

However, there is more than one mood. The common ones found in Saso are the indicative, subjunctive, imperative, and conditional moods. For now, just know that the indicative mood indicates an action.

Saso uses the prefix to determine the mood of the verb. Saso uses suffixes to make the verb agree with the rest of the sentence, and indicates tense. A verb agrees in person and number with the subject of the setence. The verb is you, there is a special marking for the verb to agree with you. This marking is unique from all other markings. In English there is 1 marking for regular verbs in the present tense "s." In Saso, there are six marking in the present tense. 

Verbs also conjugate according to tense.

SummaryEdit

In Saso, verbs conjugate according to number, person, tense, and mood There are two parts to the conjugation, the prefix which indicates mood, and the suffix which indicates the tense, number, and person. 


Back to Lesson 1 | Continue to Lesson 3

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