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Slisi to Saso lessons. Saso lessons are divided into units, this is unit one. Unit 1 is designed to teach the very basics of Saso. At the end of this unit you should be able to understand noun declensions and verb conjugations in the present tense, and construct basic sentences.
Lesson 1 teaches basic phrases, Lessons 2 and 3 will teach the concepts of verb conjugations and noun declensions in plain English. Lesson 4 will explain the formation of setnences. Lessons 5, 6, and 7 will then provide the conjugations, and declensions. Pronouns are introduced in lesson 7. Lesson 8 will explain the formation of sentences using pronouns. Lesson 9 will be a summary of the unit.
Nouns are another basic block of languages. They are the people, places, or things that do things in your sentences.
In English, nouns only change for on thing, singularity or plurality. When there more than one of a noun, an s is added. The s is called a declension, and the process of changing nouns is called declining. In English, declensions are quite simple. In Saso, they are very complex.
The role that a noun serves, such a subject, direct object, or indirect object is called the case of a noun. English uses word order to express case. Saso uses declensions for both case and plurality. In addition to knowing the declensions, it is also important to know what each case does.
Saso has 8 main cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Ablative, Genitive, Vocative, Locative, and Instrumental. The following chart outlines their uses
|Cases and their Functions|
|Accusative||The direct object|
|Dative||The indirect object, Comparisons, Object of the postpositional phrase.|
|Ablative||Movement away from something, or cause of something|
|Genitive||Possesor of another noun|
|Vocative||The addrese of something|
|Instrumental||An object being used to perform an action|
Below are examples of each case.
|Examples of Each of the cases|
|Nominative||Cindy is a girl|
|Accusative||I build the building|
|Dative||I give the ball to her, This house is bigger than that house, He is going around the fire|
|Ablative||I am running from the fire|
|Genitive||This is John's house, The pages of the book are green.|
|Vocative||John, how are you?|
|Locative||I am in a house|
|Instrumental||I clean the floor with a mop|
The declension in Saso is made up of two parts, a prefix and a suffix. The prefix is used to indicate that the word is a noun. The suffix is used to indicate case and plurality
In Saso, nouns decline according to case and number. There are 8 cases, nominative, accusative, dative, ablative, genitive, vocative, locative, and instrumental. The declension has two parts, a prefix indicating that word is a noun, and a suffix indicating case and plurality.