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Saso/Lesson 3

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IntroductionEdit

Slisi to Saso lessons. Saso lessons are divided into units, this is unit one. Unit 1 is designed to teach the very basics of Saso. At the end of this unit you should be able to understand noun declensions and verb conjugations in the present tense, and construct basic sentences.

Lesson 1 teaches basic phrases, Lessons 2 and 3 will teach the concepts of verb conjugations and noun declensions in plain English. Lesson 4 will explain the formation of setnences. Lessons 5, 6, and 7 will then provide the conjugations, and declensions. Pronouns are introduced in lesson 7. Lesson 8 will explain the formation of sentences using pronouns. Lesson 9 will be a summary of the unit. 

The NounEdit

Nouns are another basic block of languages. They are the people, places, or things that do things in your sentences. 

In English, nouns only change for on thing, singularity or plurality. When there more than one of a noun, an s is added. The s is called a declension, and the process of changing nouns is called declining. In English, declensions are quite simple. In Saso, they are very complex.

The role that a noun serves, such a subject, direct object, or indirect object is called the case of a noun. English uses word order to express case. Saso uses declensions for both case and plurality. In addition to knowing the declensions, it is also important to know what each case does.

CasesEdit

Saso has 8 main cases, Nominative, Accusative, Dative, Ablative, Genitive, Vocative, Locative, and Instrumental. The following chart outlines their uses

Cases and their Functions
Nominative The subject
Accusative The direct object
Dative The indirect object, Comparisons, Object of the postpositional phrase.
Ablative Movement away from something, or cause of something
Genitive Possesor of another noun
Vocative The addrese of something
Locative A location
Instrumental An object being used to perform an action

Below are examples of each case.

Examples of Each of the cases
Nominative Cindy is a girl
Accusative I build the building
Dative  I give the ball to her, This house is bigger than that house, He is going around the fire
Ablative I am running from the fire
Genitive This is John's house, The pages of the book are green.
Vocative John, how are you?
Locative I am in a house
Instrumental I clean the floor with a mop

The declension in Saso is made up of two parts, a prefix and a suffix. The prefix is used to indicate that the word is a noun. The suffix is used to indicate case and plurality

SummaryEdit

In Saso, nouns decline according to case and number. There are 8 cases, nominative, accusative, dative, ablative, genitive, vocative, locative, and instrumental. The declension has two parts, a prefix indicating that word is a noun, and a suffix indicating case and plurality. 


Back to Lesson 2 | Continue to Lesson 4

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