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Saso/Lesson 5

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IntroductionEdit

Slisi to Saso lessons. Saso lessons are divided into units, this is unit one. Unit 1 is designed to teach the very basics of Saso. At the end of this unit you should be able to understand noun declensions and verb conjugations in the present tense, and construct basic sentences.

Lesson 1 teaches basic phrases, Lessons 2 and 3 will teach the concepts of verb conjugations and noun declensions in plain English. Lesson 4 will explain the formation of setnences. Lessons 5, 6, and 7 will then provide the conjugations, and declensions. Pronouns are introduced in lesson 7. Lesson 8 will explain the formation of sentences using pronouns. Lesson 9 will be a summary of the unit. 

Verbs, The infinitiveEdit

The infinitive form of the verb is the bare form of a verb. It is a verb without any conjugation. In English, this is expressed by havig to before the verb (to run, to walk, etc). In Spanish, this is expressed by having -ar, -er, or -ir on the end of the verb. In Saso, this is expressed using -ãs. 

Let's look at an example

fãsãs means to build in Saso.

Fãs is the root, and ãs is the infinitive. One important note about the inifinitve is that it does not have a prefix. The concept of prefixes will be introduced more later in this lesson and the next few lessons, but prefixes are used to express parts of specch and moods. The infinitive does not need a prefix. This makes it unique from nearly every other word in Saso that does require some sort of prefix.

Verbs: The Present Indicative ConjugationsEdit

The chart below outlies the conjugations for verbs in the present tense. The chart below lists suffixes

Verb conjugations in the present tense
Singular Plural
1st -is -ãs*
2nd -ís -ãís
3rd -os -øs

A conjugated verb in Saso must also have a prefix. For right now, this prefix is a-.

  • Notice how this is the same as the infinitive ending. You can tell these apart because conjugated verbs will have a prefix

Let's look at an example conjugation. When conjugating a verb, the infinitive ending falls off.

Fãsãs - to build
Singular Plural
1st afãsis afãsãs
2nd afãsís afãsãís
3rd afãsos afãsøs

Notice how all the verbs have both a prefix and a suffix. This is important in Saso

To be irregular or not to be, that is the questionEdit

Saso has 3 main irregulars, to be (nãgãs), to do (fazãs), and to go (powãs)

These verbs all experience stemp changes. In the present tense they are as follows

nãg --> nãj

faz --> fas

pow --> pov

The conjugation tables with the stem changes is listed below. 

Nãgãs - to be
Singular Plural
1st anãjis anãjãs
2nd anãjís anãjãís
3rd anãjos anãjøs
Fazãs - to do
Singular Plural
1st afasis afasãs
2nd afasís afasãís
3rd afasos afasøs
Powãs - to go
Singular Plural
1st apovis apovãs
2nd apovís apovãís
3rd apovos apovøs

You go --> Apovís.

He does --> Afasos. 


Back to Lesson 4

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