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Conlang

Satanavian

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'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ng
Plosive p, b t, d c k, g
Fricative v s sz ch
Affricate z /ts/ cz x /ks/
Approximant j
Trill r rj
Flap or tap
Lateral fric. l lj
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close
Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid
Near-open
Open a

AlphabetEdit

a b c cz d e g ch j k l m n ng o p pz r sz t v x z

PhonotacticsEdit

c is only found in these clusters: ch, cm, cl, cn, cr, cz; *kv>cv, *km>cm, *kl>cl, *kr> cr, *km>cm, *kn>cn, *kz>cz, *kx>x

  • kj>cz; *sj>sz; *tj>z; *zj>cz; *xj>sz; thus j cannot follow k, s, t, z, nor x


GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

pronomens and verb endings
ERG/KOP ABS DAT ABL INS LOK GEN VERB/tr V2/tr ADJ/itr
me mem mag menta menke mende mjes -jo -a -as 1sg
ze zem zag zenta zenke zende czes -je -a -as 2sg
le lem lag lenta lenke lende ljes -jed -a -as 3sg
mang bnam bnag banta banke bande bnes -jamo -a -as 1pl
tava tvam tvag tvata tvake tvane tves -jara -a -as 2pl
lo dlam dlag lolta lolke lolde dles -jeng -a -as 3pl

va van

-/-o -em/-om/-m -ag/-sag -ta/-nta -ke/-nke -ne/-de -es/-jes/-s


VerbsEdit

Verbs in Satanävian are negäted by prefacing a "negativ verb" al- (not marked for aspect) to the impersonal form (V2/tr) of the same aspect: Negätion of verb lap-Edit

Satanavian English Satanavian English
lapjo 'I make/made' aljo lapa 'I donot/didnot make'
lapnajo 'I am making' aljo lapna 'I am not making'
laptajo 'I have made' aljo lapta 'I have not made'

Satanävian verbs are conjugäted by aspect rather than by tense. The ending -to says that the action is compleet, finished, already made​​. The ending -na says that the action is in progress, we are currently performing it. Past and futür are if necessary expressed with adverbs. Otherwies, one can only guess, it often is clear by the context.

Here is two examples, sentence A:

lextábo mem gebérjozag pas

And sentence B:

lextábo mem paszo gebérjozag


le-xtabo mem ge-ber-jo-zag pas > lextábo mem gebérjozag pas = igh gave you book before

ERG.book 1sg.ABS PRT(ge)-give-1sg.TR-2sg.DAT before


Template:Navbox




Syntax Word order is: OSV

VocabularyEdit

alla = to not; aljo = igh do not

bad = well; enough; able to

bahto = eible root; carrot; potäto; food; see also crtabato

bavvalo = buffalo; cow; elk

berra = to give

bjanna = to start smth

blto = sheet; leaf; blade

brka = to shoot;

brktab = needl; arrow; pencil

bohko = fist; node; branch

boncze = five; 5

chav = king, queen, lord

chentreskas = intresting

chosta = to collect; to gather; to shop

crtabato = potäto

cvellas = to sleep; to rest

czevvej = sleep; rest

cvpe = coffee

czaj = tea

czom = stone

czoggoba = boletus mushroom

czolpa = sink; fall down

dehka = to send; to poke; deczo = igh send smth.

dextabo = post letter

donna = to exist, take place somewhere (about concreet phenomens); see also gebba

drze = four; 4

garro = cat

gasso = gras

gaz = apartment; room; chamber

gazpej = residens; dwelling chamber; hotel room

gebba = to exist, be real (mostly about abstract phenomens); se also donna

glarra = to listen; to hear

gleng = speech; see also pjoch

glenglob = tong

glento = voice; voice sounds

gnz = against; facing

gnzo = face

gobba = mushroom

gohka = to look; to see

gol = head; scull; cup

golgas = hair

gombr = autumn

grpa = to write smth.

grpto = drawings, writings, inscriptions etc

grgras = dark; shady; see also pemjas

grolb = ear

jolkosojp = applejuice

kaclas = to swim

kal = fishes; flock; group

kang = sun; day; sunlight

kasza = sprucetree

kavvalo = horse

kella = to come; to arrive at smth

kesse = six; 6

kessont = six hundred; 600

koj = birchtree

laczoch = river; canal

lahpa = to make; to hang around; to be doing smth

lech = sea; lake; water; basin

ljov = love

londo = haven; boat place

lorras = other, else

mezas = toxic

mezen = poison; toxin

moxa = to wash; to whipe; moszo = igh wash smth.

moxgobbo = amanita mushroom

nel = zero; null

nemnol = name; number

nolmak = anyone wise; computer

nombr = headline; header; chapter; name; see also nemnol

nomra = to have as name smth; to be called...

pallo = pair; double; two

pas = earlier; before

pavvo = warmth from the sun; warm, sunny weather

pemjas = compleetly dark; black; see also grgras

pjoch = language; dialect

rasa = to rise

robo = labour, working

sech = any drink with alcohol; sake

secza = pine tree

sem = same; very similar; like

snoj = new

sojlas = mammal(-ian)

sojp = juice; drink; sauce; liquid; 

szan = animät entity, animal, person, etc

szalz = to recognïz

szet = seven; 7

szonjoszo = univers

szok = much; very; many

szokmolzak = one who eats very much;

szol = wheel; path; direction

tabo = tube; scroll; roll; pipe

tamo = period of time; duration

tassa = to bring food, drink, or anything

tasso = cup, bulb, bowl; measür

tembro = wall

tev = top; hill; mountän top; tevjag = up to the top

texa = to write; teszo = igh write smth.

texto = script, smth written

va, van = one, they (as unpersonal pronoun)

vel = up to; reaching; as far as

veso = vase; bottle

vez = water

vezkolech = well; drinkingwater; source

vrach = far; far away

x = letter, sign; see also tex

xtabo = book, list, document, textscrol, toilet paper

zecz = one, single; unit; 1


zem = (point in) time; time when; and; then

zemne = then, at that point; that time

zpej = curtän; tent; tipi; dwelling; home;


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

lextábo van mentajed gebérra

lextábo van gebérjedmenta

lekávvalo Masza'm paszed gebérra Misza'sag

lekávvalo Masza'm gebérjed Misza'sag pas

lextábo mem gebérjozag

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