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Savazano

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SettingEdit

Savazano is a relative of Logiano but uses a simplified alphabet. Like Logiano, Savazano is an auxiliary language but is more directed at international business relations.

StructureEdit

AlphabetEdit

Aa [ɑː] Bb [b] Ss [s] Dd [d] Ee [ɛ] Ff [f] Gg [g] Xx [x] (kh) Ii [i] Yy [j] Kk [k]
Ll [l] Mm [m] Nn [n] Oo [oʊ] Pp [p] Rr [r] Tt [t] Uu [u:] Vv [v] Ww [w] Zz [z]


PhonotacticsEdit

No more than two consonants in succession per root word. If roots are combined and there are more than two consonants in succession, the letter A is added to the end of the first root.

"Goodbye" is made from the roots br- go, and twiy- good. An a must be placed between the roots, forming bratwiyo

If roots are combined and there is a double letter, the second is omitted. Letters at the beginning of words are hardened. Stress is always placed on the penultimate syllable. Affixes separated by a dash are not considered part of the word and therefore do not follow this rule.

Basic GrammarEdit

ArticlesEdit

Definite Indefinite
Singular za ka
Plural zan myoka




EndingsEdit

Noun Adjective Verb Preposition* Conjunction* Adjective Derivation Adverb
Singular o u as n t e uk
Plural i um

* = These endings are only attached to roots that end in vowels.


kad- box Noun Adjective Verb Preposition Conjuntion Adjective Derivation Adverb
Singular

kado box

kadu box-like

kadas box kade kaduk- like a box
Plural kadi boxes kadum box-like

The adjective derivation of kad has no translation because it can't be used

If you meean box as an adjective than why not boxy, The boxy house xD vii
The adjective derivation is more like "The house is big-ish" or "big-phobic". "Boxy" would just be the adj. form kadu Razlem 03:11, May 5, 2010 (UTC)

NounsEdit

Pronouns/PossessivesEdit

Singular Plural
1st Person Pronoun

ko

I, me

egi

we

Possessive

ku

my, mine

egu

our

2nd Person Pronoun

zo

you

vosi

you all

Possessive

zu

your

vosu

your

3rd Person Pronoun

ro

he, him

sti

they, them

mo

she, her

bo

it

Possessive

ru

his

stu

their, theirs

mu

her, hers

bu

its

ObjectsEdit

Indirect objects (Dative case) are formed by adding v to the end of a noun, not the root.

Ko das zov za galo ~ I give you the gift


Noun DerivationsEdit

End Root Example Translation
Inhabitant ov indusovo Indian (person)
Language an indusano Indian (language)
Doer til ragentilo writer
-ness vor enonvoro angriness
-ability keb enonkebo angry-ability

Proper NounsEdit

The ending lo is added to proper nouns that usually end in a vowel. Otherwise, an o is placed after the last letter.

Ko tuxanas Marialo ~ I (am familiar with) Maria

Ko tuxanas Wasintono ~ I (am familiar with) Washington



VerbsEdit

Verbs are formed by attaching as to the root.

vas ~ look
las ~ be
ragenas ~ write
brandas ~ drive
tiras ~ throw


NegativesEdit

Negative verbs are formed simply by adding the prefix be

ko be-las ~ I am not


The Verb GroupsEdit

There are two groups of verb suffixes, the i group and the a group. These suffixes determine (among other things) tense and voice.

vas-pita ~ had seen [see(past)(perfective)]

The i group suffix always precedes the a group suffix. If more than one a group suffixis needed, they are simply added onto each other.

vas-fasa ~ to see oneself [see(infinitive)(reflexive)]

The only helping verb is las (am/is/are/be). This is one of the major changes from Logiano, which has no helping verbs.


The i GroupEdit

Each of these is denoted by a suffix ending in i

Ending Example English
Simple Past pi vas-pi saw
Future ni vas-ni will see
Past Imperfect wi vas-wi saw
Conditional fi vas-fi would see
Influential ti vas-ti should see
Imperative ki vas-ki see!


The a GroupEdit

Each ending is denoted by a suffix ending in a

Ending Example English
Active ka (las) vas-ka (am/is/are) seeing
Perfective ta vas-ta have seen
Infinitive fa vas-fa to see
Gerund la vas-la seeing
Passive ma (las) vas-ma (am/is/are) seen
Reflexive sa vas-sa see oneself


Examples and ExplanationsEdit
Ko las bras-ka vas-fa za kano ~ I am going to see the dog

Literally, I be going to see the dog

Ko las-ni vas-ka za kano ~ I will be seeing the dog

Literally, I will be seeing the dog

Ko las-pita vas-ma ton za kano ~ I had been seen by the dog

pi and ta denote the past and perfective, respectively. ma is then added to vas to change see to seen

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are put before the object that they are describing and are created by adding u to the root.

beyu uto~ beautiful car

Adjectives that describe plural nouns end in um.

beyum uti ~ beautiful cars


ComparativesEdit

Comparatives are formed by adding the suffix vortane (more) or vorsoltane (most) to the end of an adjective. The word “than” when used to compare is wen.

vizu-vortane wen neso ~ whiter than snow

Adjective DerivationsEdit

Derivation Ending Example English
Opposite nole enonu-nole un-angry
Lack vere enonu-vere angry-less
Surfeit vore enonu-vore angry-ful
Possibility kebe enonu-kebe angry-able
Liking

kiye

enonu-kiye angry-philic
Disliking bekiye enonu-bekiye angry-phobic
Weakening of Meaning sele enonu-sele angry-ish
Strengthening of Meaning sole enonu-sole really really angry

These endings can be combined like the a group if necessary.

AdverbsEdit

Adverbs are formed by attaching k to the end of an adjective (not the root).

enonuk ~ angrily

Adverbs immediately precede the verb.

ko enonuk bras-pi ~ I went angrily.

Table of CorrelativesEdit

Loosely based on Zamenhof's table for Esperanto. There is no distinction for relative pronouns.

ko ziyas moza brandas ~ I know who drives.

The conjunction "that" is expressed simply as mat.

ro ziyas mat ko las brandas-ka ~ He knows that I am driving.
Table of Correlatives Interrogative

Indication-

Distal

Indication-

Proximal

Indefinite Universal Negative
-za -ma -va -ka -da -ba
Type fyo-

fyoza

what kind of

fyoma

that kind of

fyova

this kind of

fyoka

any kind of

fyoda

each kind of

fyoba

no kind of

Reason po-

poza

why

poma

thus

pova

thereby

poka

for some reason

poda

for all reasons

poba

for no reason

Time kro-

kroza

when

kroma

then

krova

now

kroka

sometime

kroda

always

kroba

never

Place ko-

koza

where

koma

there

kova

here

koka

somewhere

koda

everywhere

koba

nowhere

Manner xo-

xoza

how/as

xoma

as

xova

hereby

xoka

somehow

xoda

in every way

xoba

in no way

Association so-

soza

whose

soma

that one's

sova

this one's

soka

someone's

soda

everyone's

soba

no one's

Thing fo-

foza

what

foma

that

fova

this

foka

something

foda

everything

foba

nothing

Amount myo-

myoza

how much

myoma

that much

myova

this much

myoka

some

myoda

all

myoba

none

Individual mo-

moza

who, which [X]

moma

that [X]

mova

this [X

moka

someone, some [X]

moda

everyone, every [X]

moba

no one, no [X]

PrepositionsEdit

All prepositions end in N, and each one has one fixed meaning. If it’s necessary to use a preposition and it’s not clear which one to use, the word ven is used, which has no fixed meaning. Prepositions will always succeed the verb and start a prepositional clause.


Prepositional Phrases/ClausesEdit

The book in the box is black

Za tako pen za kado las zyonu

The book in the box is black


The book, which is in the box, is black

Za tako, mat las pen za kado, las zyonu

The book, that is in the box, is black


The book, which I took with me, is black

Za tako, mat ko vutilas-pi kron ko, las zyonu

The book, that I brought with I, is black


The book, which I went to the store with, is black

Za tako, mat ko bras-pi an za lonsato kron, las zyonu

The book, that I went to the store with, is black


La caja que llevo conmigo es negro

Za kado mat ko vutilas kron ko las zyonu

The box that I bring with me is black


La caja, que fui a la tienda con, es negro

Za kado, mat ko bras-pi an za lonsato kron, las zyonu

The box, that I went to the store with, is black

ConjunctionsEdit

All conjunctions end in an semi-unreleased plosive t.

CoordinatingEdit

And it
Or yot
Nor beyot
But mut
Yet gut
So wit
For at

CorrelatingEdit

Both…and vot...it
Either…or

ret...jot

Neither…nor

beret...beyot

Not only…but also

besot...mut

SubordinateEdit

After sodot
Although falat
As let
Because pozat
Before klovot
Even if zuxat
Even though zupet
If xat
Provided that yabet
Rather than sanat
Since xit
So that wet
Though plet
Whereas dablot
Whether kruvet
While

lut

Sentence StructureEdit

Basic sentences are SVO. Interogatives undergo SV inversion.

Ko vas za kano ~ I see the dog

Vas ko za kano? ~ Do I see the dog?


Simple PhrasesEdit

Hello- xelo

Hi- xayo

Goodbye- bratwiyo

How Are You?- xoza las zo?

Good- twiyu

Bad- xanu

So-so- ranu

Excellent- twiyu-sole


Welcome- twiyvego

Yes- ya

No- be

Please/You’re Welcome- ko alas

Thank You- ko ivas

NumbersEdit

CardinalEdit

Ten kiy

Hundred

sen

Thousand

kus

Million

gav

Billion

yav


0

ag

1

ud

2

par

3

ros

4

tes

5

raz

6

kes

7

vel

8

yab

9

miy

10

udkiy

22

parkiy-par

33

roskiy-ros

145

udsen-teskiy-raz

1167

udkus-udsen-keskiy-vel

37,984

roskiy-velkus-miysen-yabkiy-tes

500,560

razsenkus-razsen-keskiy

1,490,675,325

udyav-tesen-miykiygav-kesen-velkiy-razkus-rosen-parkiy-raz

Fractions and DecimalsEdit

To make a fraction, the root va is added after the numerator. For decimals, the root pa takes the place of the decimal point. If there are no digits before the point, saying "ag" is not required. Numbers after the decimal are said (i.e.) "three three three" instead of "three-hundred and thirty-three thousanths."

1/2 ud-va-par
1/3 ud-va-ros
2/3 par-va-ros
10/11 udkiy-va-udkiy-ud
4/3 tes-va-ros
.5 pa-raz
.333 pa-rosrosros
.666 pa-keskeskes
.909 pa-miyagmiy
1.33 ud-pa-rosros

UsageEdit

MoodsEdit

Subjunctive MoodEdit

In Savazano, the subjunctive mood is expressed in terms of the influential ending ti:

If he worked, he could earn high wages
Xat ro tazas-ti, ro yegas-fi num donvazi
"If he should work, he would earn great wages"


I wish I knew
Ko bizamas ko ziyas-ti
"I wish that I should know" ("that" is understood when saying "bizamas"


I wouldn't do that if I were you
Ko be-tas-fi foma xat ko las-ti zo.
I would not do that if I should be you.

Realis/Irrealis MoodEdit

Both of these moods are expressed in the present tense.


ModalityEdit

Deontic modality in the form of a command is expressed with ki. Otherwise, the ending ti is used.

Epistemic modality is expressed with the adverb kebuk "possibly". Evidentiality is based on context.

DictionaryEdit

This is just a short list of business-related words and terms.


Az is the root word for money. Thus, you'll see that many business terms contain this root

English Savazano Direct Translation
account tunemaz storage-money
advertise ruglon show-product
asset azatwiy money-good
bank sataz place-money
bankrupt beseyaz no-have-money
business savaz bridge-money
business language savazan bridge-money-language
buy epazol forward-money-exchange
cheap lar cheap
company delsavaz inter-bridge-money
corporation azekem money-entity
country azwig money-area
debt pan debt
difference toyan difference
economy azfib money-system
expensive kor expensive
gain udel gain
give d give
international delazwig inter-money-area
invest pabaz put-money
liability azelal money-risk
lose taly lose
market satazfib place-money-system
price azten money-value
product lon product
receive opd back-give
sell opazol back-money-exchange
share vyav share
stock mar stock
trade azol money-exchange
value ten value



Currencies of the World - Azi den za TeroEdit

For countries that use a different form of the same currency (krona, dollar), the adjective of the country goes before it (Severigu krono, Norgu krono, Danmarku krono).

Dollar - dolaro

Euro - yuro

Pound - pondo

Rupee - rupiyo

Ruble - rubeleyo

Yuan - yuwano

Yen - yeno

Krona - krono

Peso - peso

Real - reyalo

Rial - riyalo

Sheqel - sekelo

Dinar - dinaro

Won - wono

Zloty - zalotiyo

Franc - franko


Countries of the World - Azwigi den za TeroEdit

Afghanistan - Afganistano

Argentina - Argentino

Australia - Ostraliyo

Austria - Osterixo

Belgium - Belgiko

Brazil - Brasilo

Canada - Canado

Chile - Kilelo

China - Zongualo

Colombia - Kolombiyo

Denmark - Danmarko

England - Engalando

Finland - Finlando

France - Franso

Germany - Dotselando

Greece - Elaso

India - Induso

Indonesia - Indonesiyo

Ireland - Irlando

Israel - Israyilo

Italy - Italiyo

Japan - Napono

Korea - Dehano

Luxembourg - Luksemborgo

Mexico - Mexiko

Netherlands - Nederlandi

New Zealand - Kalu Zilando

Norway - Norgo

Pakistan - Pakistano

Phillipines - Filipino

Poland - Polsko

Portugal - Portugeso

Russia - Rusiyo

Saudi Arabia - Sudiyu Arabiyo

Scotland - Skotlando

Singapore - Singapuro

Spain - Espanyo

Sweden - Severigo

Switzerland - Sevitso

Taiwan - Formoso

Turkey - Turkayo

United Kingdom - Bizu Azwigivo

United States - Bizum Osazwigi

Vietnam - Viyetnamo

Example textEdit

Article 1 of Human Rights

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Zokum ovi las nazas-ma margum it skalum den pleskavoro it kron duzani. Sti las kuwanas-ma kron farvoro it mensavoro it nikas-ti kuyan moda otaro pen ka aloxo den alegarvoro.
All(plural) person(plural) be born(passive) free(plural) and equal(plural) in dignity(ness) and with right(plural). They be blessed(passive) with reason(ness) and think(ness) and act(influential) towards each other in a spirit of brother(ness)


Featured Banner

This language was once featured. Thanks to its level of quality, plausibility and usage capabilities, it has been voted as featured.
Fova ano uduk las-pi rugsolas-ma. Ivas-ka bu yozaro den sivlavoro, hebvoro, it kopum myaskakebi, bo las-ta kyovas-ma xoma rugsolu.
This language one(adverb) be(past) feature(passive). Thank(active) its level of quality(ness), possible(ness) and usage(adj)(plural) capable(ility)(plural), it be(perfective) vote(passive) as feature(adj).


Corporation

In common speech, the word "corporation" refers usually to limited responsibility corporation. That is a business firm where each of the partners invests a sum of money in as the capital of the corporation. They receive shares as recognition of the sum they have invested. If the company goes bankrupt, the business partners are responsible of only the name value of their shares, not their whole own personal property, of the company's debts.


Ven viru ano, za klo “azekemo” bivuk tozas izakaru zayemo azekemo. Foma las ka savazu gilamo koza moda wovolo pabazas ka azotoro xova za azfundo den za azekemo. Sti opdas azgari an mensavko den za azotoro mat sti pabazas-ta. Xat za delsavazo ryunas beseyazu, zan savazum wovoli skoluk seyas zayemkebo den za kyaru teno den stum vyavi den zan pani den za delsavazo. Sti be-talyas stum aksum azatwiyi.


In/with/on common language, the word “corporation” generally relays to restricted responsibility corporation. That is a business firm where each partner invests a sum as the capital of the corporation. They receive shares for recognition of the sum that they have invested. If the company becomes bankrupt, the business partners only have responsibility of the face value of their shares of the debts of the company. They do not lose their whole assets.


Business

A business (also called a company enterprise, or firm) is a legally recognized organization designed to provide goods and/or services to consumers. Businesses are predominant in capitalist economies. Most businesses are privately owned. a business is typically formed to earn profit that will increase the wealth of its owners and grow the business itself. The owners and operators of a business have as one of their main objectives the receipt of generation of a financial return in exchange for work and the acceptance of risk. Notable exceptions include cooperative enterprises and state-owned enterprises. Businesses can also be formed not-for-profit or be state-owned.


Ka savazo (bo aksuk las lodas-ma ka delsavazo yot ka gilamo) las ka pyotuk mensalyas-ma fibo mat las liratolas-ma das-fa loni it/yot ovloni an epazoltili. Savazi voruk beksas pen azfundatilum azfibi. Vorsolum savazi las wegeruk tyas-ma. Ka savazo las bivuk tinas-ma udelas-fa azudelo mat kerzas-ni za azvoro den bum tyatili it sidas-fasa za savazo. Zan tyatili den ka savazo seyas, xoma udu den stum sarafi, za tas-la den ka azfibu opdo an trabo it an rekovuno den elalo. Solum xanagratani las pantyovum savazi it selazwig-tye savazi. Savazi aksuk guras las-fa tinas-ma be-lonas-fa azudelo yot las-fa selazwig-tye.


A business (it also is called a company or a firm) is a legally recognized system that is designed to give products and/or services to consumers. Businesses much exist in capitalist economies. Many businesses are privately owned. A business is generally formed to earn profit that will increase the wealth of its owners and to grow itself the company. The owners of the business have, as one of their goals, the making of an economic return for work and for acceptance of risk. Strong exceptions are cooperative businesses and state-owned businesses. Businesses also can be formed to not create profit or to be state-owned.

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