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Senan

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Progress 68%
Senan
'
Type
Fusional/Analytic
Alignment
Nominative - Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
no
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Senan is spoken in the Republic Of Sena, which is located in the north-eastern part of Ireland. It is a Celtic language closely related to Irish, though a good chunk of the vocabulary is taken from English & has a simpler grammar.

PhonologyEdit

The standard orthography of Senan makes the language look less similar to Irish than it really is.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n
Palatalized Nasal mj nj
Plosive p t c x
Voiced Plosive b d g
Palatalized Plosive pj tj cj
Fricative f s sh h
Voiced Fricative v z zh q
Palatalized Fricative fj sj jh
Labialized Fricative wh
Approximant j w
Flap or tap r
Lateral flap l

VowelsEdit

Far-front Front Near-front Mid Near-back Back Far-back
Far-close i: u:
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e: y o:
Open-mid e o
Near-open
Open
Far-open a a:

AlphabetEdit

Senan uses the Latin Alphabet.

A - a/a:

B - b

C - c

Cj - cj

D - d

E - e/e:

F - f

Fj - fj

G - g

H - h

Jh - jh

I - i/i:

J - j

L - l

M - m

Mj - mj

N - n

Nj - nj

O - o/o:

P - p

Pj - pj

Q - q

R - r

S - s/sh - S is pronounced sh before back vowels.

Sj - sj

T - t

Tj - tj

U - u/u:

V - v

W - w

Wh - wh

X - x

Y - y

Z - z/zh - Z is pronounced zh before back vowels.

The spelling can be compared to Iresh.

Iresh Forms Pronounciation Senan Equivelant Explenation
B bgh B (1) Loss of velarization.
B by Bi (2) See Senan Palatal Phenominon.
Bh w W (3) Difference in spelling.
Bh vy Vi (2)
Bhf w W (3)
Bhf vy Vi (2)
Bp bgh B (1)
Bp by Bi (2)
C k C
C c Cj (2)
Ch x H (3)
Ch ch H (4) Palatals become velars.
D dgh D (1)
D dy Di (2)
Dh gh Q (3)
Dh y J (3)
Dt dgh D (1)
Dt dy Di (2)
F fgh F (1)
F fy Fj (2, 3)
Fh silent none (3)
G g G
G j Gi (2, 4)
Gc g G (3)
Gc j

Gi

(2, 4)
Gh gh Q (3)
Gh y J (3)
H h Q (5) Unvoiced glottals become voiced velars.
L lgh L (1)
L ly Li (2)
Ll lgh L (1)
Ll ly Li (2)
M mgh M (1)
M my Mj (3)
Mb mgh M (1)
Mb my Mj (3)
Mh w W (3)
Mh Vy Vi (2)
N ngh N (1)
N ny Nj (3)
NN ngh N (1)
NN ny Nj (3)
Nc ngk Nc (6) Absent use of ng & ny sound leeds to usage of n as a substitute.
Nc nyc Nc (4, 6)
Nd ngh N (1)
Nd ny Nj (3)
Ng ng N (6)
Ng ngg Ng (6)
Ng ny Nj (3)
Ng nyc Nc (4, 6)
P pgh P (1)

P

py Pj (3)
R rgh R (1)
R ry S (2)

Rr

rgh R (1)
S sgh S (1)
S sh Sj (3)
Sh h Q (5)
Sh ch H (4)
T tgh T (1)
T ty Tj (3)
Th h Q (5)
Th ch H (4)
Th silent none (3)
Ts tgh T (1)
Ts ty Tj (3)
V w W (3)
V vy Vi (2)

The Palatal PhenominonEdit

There is an odd system of what happened to the palatlized consonants.

1, For all voiced stops, voiced fricatives, & phonemes r &l, palatalized consonants loose their palatalization & add a short close front vowel.

2, unvoiced palatal stops become an unvoiced palatalized velar stops.

3, voiced palatal stops become a voiced velar stops with a short close front vowel.

Additional Rules Of PronounciationEdit

Standard Senan pronounces ixi as i:, while many regional dialects pronounce it as ixi.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes No Yes No No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No Yes No Yes No No No
Article No Yes No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Genders?Edit

The Senan language has no gender distinction, a rarety among Indo-European languages. That is, there is no real way to modify a word to alter gender. In the Senan language, Gender only needs to be addressed by two specific nouns that, more or less, translates to male & female.

Mael - Male

Femali - Female

NounsEdit

Senan nouns have two numbers (singular & plural) & four cases (common, vocative, genitive, & dative). The common case is both nominative & accusative. While Irish has 5 Declensions, Senan has three.

First Declension for words that end with a non-palatalized consonant
Second Declension For words that end with a vowel
Third Declension For words that ends with a palatalized consonant

First Declension

dor = Door

Common Vocative Genitive Dative
Singular dor ador dori dor
Plural dore adora doria dorie

Second Declension

tri = Tree

Common Vocative Genetive Dative
Singular tri atri trini tri
Plural tria atria trina tria

Third Declension

jascj = Fish

Common Vocative Genetive Dative
Singular jascja ajascja jascjea jascja
Plural jascjan ajascjan jascjen jascjan

Verbs Senan verbs have two numbers, tree tenses (past, present, future), & three moods (subjunctive, conditional, imperative). The language has two conjugation classes.

1st Conjugation Present    Past     Future
x -em -es -fir
Conditional -en -enes -enfir
Imperative -ic -ices -icfir
Subjunctive -emam -am -firam
2nd conjugation Present   Past     Future  
x -em -ites -emit
Conditional -un -unites -unemit
Imperative -enja -enjites -enjemit
Subjunctive -umem -um -emitum








PrepositionsEdit

Senan prepositions have three persons (first, second, & third) & two numbers (singular & plural).

Singular Plural
Frist Person -am -aen
Second Person -at -eu
Third Person -i -u

Ag = at

An = on

Aw = from/since

As = from/out of

Dej = from/of

Duw = to/for

Eder = between

Faj = under/about

Hog = to/towards

In = in

La = with

Qar = beyond/over

Rawn = around

Riw = before/in front of

Truw = through

ArticlesEdit

Senan articles have four cases (common, vocative, genitive, & dative).

Common Vocative Genitive Dative
Definite an axan ani den
Indefinite wan awan wani wan

AdjectivesEdit

Senan Adjectives have two numbers (singular & plural), four cases (common, vocative, genitive, & dative), & three comparisons (positive, comparative, & superlative).

Common  Vocative  Genitive Dative
Singular (none) a- -i (none)
Plural -a a-(root)-a (none) -e

Comperative = -r/-er

PronounsEdit

Senan personal pronouns have three persons (first, second, third) & two numbers (singular & plual).

First Person Second Person Third Person
Singular -m -t -si
Plural -d -sp -st

These are combined with the following: Personal - he-

Possessive - a-

Interogative - ca-

Together, they create the following words:

hem (i, me), het (you), hesi (him, she, he, her, it), hed (we, us), hesp (you), hest (they, them, those, these), am (my, mine), at (your, yours), asi (his, hers, its), ad (our, ours), asp (your, yours), ast (their, theirs, its) cam (what, who) cat (what, who) casi (who, which, what, whom) cad (who, whom, what) casp (who, whom, what) cast (who, whom, what)

NumbersEdit

Qaun
Du
Tri
Ceaqer
Cuec
Sei
Seat
Qot
Nar
Dei

SyntaxEdit

Senan generally follows a V-S-O word order.

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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