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Serqar

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Name: Serqar

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Nominative-accusative

Head Direction: Final

Number of genders: 4

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No Yes No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


PhonologyEdit

The language has a mostly regular phonology. The language features aspiration, commonly after vowels.

Alphabet (IPA)Edit

The alphabet is the standard modern ISO latin alphabet, with one added letter, ẘ, totaling 27 letters.

A/a - /a/

B/b - /b/

C/c - /k/

D/d - /d/

E/e - /e/

F/f - /f/

G/g - /g/

H/h - /h/

I/i - /i/

J/j - /j/

K/k - /k/

L/l - /k/

M/m - /m/

N/n - /n/

O/o - /o/

P/p - /p/

Q/q - /k/

R/r - /ɾ/

S/s - /s/

T/t - /tʰ/

U/u - /u/

V/v - /v/

W/w - /v/

W̊/ẘ - /w/

X/x - /ks/ - {only used in loanwords}

Y/y - /y/

Z/z - /z/

The language also use the six vowels with diacritics, mainly to distinguish the same words from each other.

The vowels use the grave diacritic - à, è, ì, ò, ù, ỳ

They get different sounds from them:

à - /æ/

è - /ɛ/

ì - /ɨ/

ò - /œ/

ù - /ʌ/

ỳ - /ø/

DipthongsEdit

vg - /v/

ott - /ʌ/

iy - /jy/

kc - /k/

rw - /ʕ/

Vowel lengthEdit

Any vowel followed by e denotes that it is long.

StressEdit

The language does not have stress.

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Untitled

Common Neuter Masculine Feminine
Nominative -si -is -sis -sib
Accusative -ub -bu -ubu -ube
Oblique -ot -to -tor -sot

The nominative case is used on the direct or indirect subject of an intransitive verb.

The accusative case is used on the direct or indirect subject of a transitive verb.

The oblique case is used on the object of a word.

VerbsEdit

TensesEdit

Tense Affix Note
Future -yt-
Present -- Unmarked
Past -pol It's -plo when a word is ending on iy
Hesternal past -gre-

MoodsEdit

Mood Affix Note/example
Imperative -ju- eg. "go!"
Desiderative -lo- wanting to do something
Assumptive -ca- eg. "that must be my mother"
Mirative -hi- unexpected/new information
Indicative -ir- a fact/real information
Subjunctive -le- eg. "i hope that she'll come"

The verbs are marked for tense and mood at the same time. The mood marking is put at the root first (for example ge-le-pol; -le is mood and -pol is tense).

Apart from these conjugations, some auxilary verbs, namely be, have, want and do change completely according to the gender of the subject in a sentence:

Be:

Common - gon

Neuter - qe

Masculine - gof

Feminine - vge

Have:


Common - repy

Neuter - hehy

Masculine - hae

Feminine - rwae

Want:


Common - zo

Neuter - reriyn

Masculine - se

Feminine - jerwy

Do:


Common - qude

Neuter - zè

Masculine - base

Feminine - juvym

NumbersEdit

1 - Ska

2 - Po

3 - Su

4 - Di

5 - Godo

6 - Ryf

7 - Ijusu

8 - Kepe

9 - Lottpi

10 - Pito

11 - Acag

12 - Toup

13 - Supito

14 - Dipito

15 - Glopito

16 - Rypito

17 - Ijupito

18 - Klepito

19 - Lottpito

20 - Luduty

30 - Ykasa

40 - Kakolo

50 - Gyka

60 - Daufa

70 - Memepui

80 - Peduno

90 - Hepali

100 - Slusu

101 - Skraaslusu

200 - Proslusu

201 - Skaproslusu

Word orderEdit

The standard word order in Serqar is Subject-Object-Verb (SOV). Adjectives and adverbs precede the noun, prepositions precede the verb. Pronouns can be suited as the subject. Conjunctions/particles follow the noun or adjective if it is present.

CommaEdit

A phrase is divided into two by a comma. The comma can be set when one verb and two nouns are present.

Asking a questionEdit

When asking a question, the word order is changed to VSO. For example:

SAM-ORANGES-ATE (SOV)

VSO would change it to:

ATE-SAM-ORANGES?

The tone of voice does not have to change when asking a question, although it is preferred.

VocabularyEdit

Most commonly occuring word pattern:

CVCVC

Nasal consonants are mostly at the end of words. F, which isn't a nasal, also only appear at end of words.

PronounsEdit

I/me - kype

He - cy

She - si

It - zevo

Me - gon

You - ken

Both - qykef

Us - pige

They - diy

Basic phrasesEdit

Thank you - Ry ken

You're welcome - Gon powiyf ken

Yes - Rwe

No - Hef

I don't understand - Guogiym jaehen kype

How many? - Tin suocu

Please speak English - Ríykcuof Enlaez qykef

What? - Retyn?

Fire! - Raeke!

I'm a tourist - Ho pyzuon kype

It costs about 200 American dollars - Recemal zevo Ameriykaen Dollare 200

Example textsEdit

Anthem of Serchar-Batelo


Serchar-Batelo

Rede thy people

The good usward

In Serqar:


Serqar-Batelo

Rom ken sepysot

Vgajo vìe goca

Literal transliteration:

Serqar-Batelo-SNG-

advise-PST-you-people-PL-OBL

good-(PTCL)*-toward

  • ) vìe is a particle that indicates the preceding or following sentence is formal



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