Fandom

Conlang

Shamalian

3,199articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

The author requests that you do not make significant changes to this project without first seeking approval.
By all means, please either help fix spelling, grammar and organization problems or contact the author about them. Thank you.
The author wishes to make it clear this project is currently undergoing significant construction or revamp.
By all means, take a look around. Thank you.


Progress 0%


Name: Shamalian

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Tripartite

Head Direction: First

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Shamalian is the language spoken by the people of the western islands, some of the few remaining large islands on the planet Ezel. It's the second most widely spoken language on the planet after Boranchi, the official language of the United Eastern Islands (UEI).

The people of Ezel are normal humans just like earth's human beings, with the exception of western islands' citizens. A special unknown element in the air surrounding the islands give the ones born there a special ability. Which ability the child will be born with depends on a corresponding factor in his genetic code.

This has led to instability and wars between the two factions. Using their advanced technology the UEI wants to extract the element and genetic code so they can create advanced weaponry. While the simple villagers of the western islands are using their abilities to defend themselves and try to regain peace.

General InformationEdit

Shamalian is a fusional language, with a sentence structure of OSV. It uses a triconsonantal root base to form its verbs and many of its nouns and adjectives. But it also has pronouns, prepositions, and indeclinable nouns which aren't derived from such roots. The root d-g-l "do" is used as a template to discuss word formation.


Word orderEdit

Shamalian is an OSV language

Postpositional Indirect Object Direct Object Subject Verb

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial

Labio-Dental

Alveoloar

Post-Alveolar

Palatal

Velar

Glottal

Nasal

m

n

Plosive

b

t d

k g

ʔ

Affricate

tʃ dʒ

Fricative

f

s z

ʃ

h

Approximant

l

j

w

  • the consonants tʃ and dʒ only occur in loanwords


VowelsEdit

Front

Back

Close

i

u

Close-mid

e

o

Open

ɑ


DiphthongsEdit

Shamalian has four diphthongs, formed by a combination of /ɑ/ or /ɑ:/ with the semivowels /j/ and /w/

PhonotacticsEdit

Shamalian's syllable structure: (C)(C)V(:)(C)

This can be further detailed into:

  • V(:)(C)
  • CV(:)(C)
  • m(P)V(:)(C)
  • CjV(:)(C)
  • CwV(:)(C)
  • ClV(:)(C)
  • (P)(P)V(:)(C)
  • (F)(N)V(:)(C)

Consonant clusters can't contain the glottal consonants /ʔ/ & /h/

Writing System & RomanizationEdit

Writing SystemEdit

Shamalian uses an Abugida and it's written from right to left.

RomanizationEdit

A slightly modified version of the Latin alphabet is used for romanization

ConsonantsEdit

Romanization

IPA

Romanization

IPA

ʔ

f

f

b

b

k

k

t

t

l

l

d

d

m

m

g

g

n

n

z

z

h

h

s

s

w

w

š

ʃ

j

j


VowelsEdit

Romanization

IPA

Short

Long

a

ā

ɑ

i

ī

i

u

ū

u

e

ē

e

o

ō

o


Loanwords & Foreign NamesEdit

Shamalian uses some special characters when writing loanwords and foreign names even if the sounds already exist in its phonology. For example, the loanword "bank" is romanized like this "βaňq". Here's a list of all the special characters:


Romanization

IPA

Shamalian Pronunciation

č

j

β

b

b

p

p

b

q

k

k

v

v

f

ň

n

n

ž

Θ , ð

t

Basic GrammarEdit

VerbsEdit

Verbs are formed by adding vowels and affixes to the basic tri/tetra-consonantal root. These affixes and structure changes conjugate the verb to person (1st, 2nd, and 3rd), gender (Male, Female, Neuter), number (Singular, Plural), tense (Past, Present, Future), mood (indicative, subjunctive, conditional, imperative), and voice (active, passive).

Triconsonantal root verbsEdit

Stem 1: dgali (example: bšaki - he wrote)


Past

Present/Cont.

Future

Past (Passive)

Present/Cont.

(Passive)

Future (Passive)

Imperative

I

midgal

midegal

midogal

midagal

midagel

midagol

We

nedgalōl

nedegalōl

nedogalōl

nedagalōl

nedagelōl

nedagolōl

You (M/S)

bodgali

bodegali

bodogali

bodagali

bodageli

bodagoli

dogali

You (F/S)

badgala

badegala

badogala

badagala

badagela

badagola

dogala

You (N/S)

bedgalo

bedegalo

bedogalo

bedagalo

bedagelo

bedagolo

dogalo

You (M/P)

bodgalōl

bodegalōl

bodogalōl

bodagalōl

bodagelōl

bodagolōl

doggali

You (F/P)

badgalōl

badegalōl

badogalōl

badagalōl

badagelōl

badagolōl

doggala

You (N/P)

bedgalōl

bedegalōl

bedogalōl

bedagalōl

bedagelōl

bedagolōl

doggalo

He

dgali

hēdegali

hēdogali

dagali

hēdageli

hēdagoli

She

dgala

hādegala

hādogala

dagala

hādagela

hādagola

Neuter

dgalo

hōdegalo

hōdogalo

dagalo

hōdagelo

hōdagolo

They (M)

hēdgalōl

hēdegalōl

hēdogalōl

hēdagalōl

hēdagelōl

hēdagolōl

They (F)

hādgalōl

hādegalōl

hādogalōl

hādagalōl

hādagelōl

hādagolōl

They (N)

hōdgalōl

hōdegalōl

hōdogalōl

hōdagalōl

hōdagelōl

hōdagolōl


Stem 2: zidguli (example: zibšuki - he dictated)


Past

Present/Cont.

Future

Past (Passive)

Present/Cont.

(Passive)

Future (Passive)

Imperative

I

mizidgul

mizidegal

mizidogal

mizidagal

mizidagel

mizidagol

We

nezidgulōl

nezidegalōl

nezidogalōl

nezidagalōl

nezidagelōl

nezidagolōl

You (M/S)

bozidguli

bozidegali

bozidogali

bozidagali

bozidageli

bozidagoli

zidogali

You (F/S)

bazidgula

bazidegala

bazidogala

bazidagala

bazidagela

bazidagola

zidogala

You (N/S)

bezidgulo

bezidegalo

bezidogalo

bezidagalo

bezidagelo

bezidagolo

zidogalo

You (M/P)

bozidgulōl

bozidegalōl

bozidogalōl

bozidagalōl

bozidagelōl

bozidagolōl

zidoggali

You (F/P)

bazidgulōl

bazidegalōl

bazidogalōl

bazidagalōl

bazidagelōl

bazidagolōl

zidoggala

You (N/P)

bezidgulōl

bezidegalōl

bezidogalōl

bezidagalōl

bezidagelōl

bezidagolōl

zidoggalo

He

zidguli

hēzidegali

hēzidogali

zidagali

hēzidageli

hēzidagoli

She

zidgula

hāzidegala

hāzidogala

zidagala

hāzidagela

hāzidagola

Neuter

zidgulo

hōzidegalo

hōzidogalo

zidagalo

hōzidagelo

hōzidagolo

They (M)

hēzidgulōl

hēzidegalōl

hēzidogalōl

hēzidagalōl

hēzidagelōl

hēzidagolōl

They (F)

hāzidgulōl

hāzidegalōl

hāzidogalōl

hāzidagalōl

hāzidagelōl

hāzidagolōl

They (N)

hōzidgulōl

hōzidegalōl

hōzidogalōl

hōzidagalōl

hōzidagelōl

hōzidagolōl


Stem 3: kwadgili (example: kwabšiki - he asked (someone) to write (something))


Past

Present/Cont.

Future

Past (Passive)

Present/Cont.

(Passive)

Future (Passive)

Imperative

I

mikwadgil

mikwadegil

mikwadogil

mikwadagil

mikwadigal

mikwadogil

We

nekwadgilōl

nekwadegilōl

nekwadogilōl

nekwadagilōl

nekwadigalōl

nekwadogilōl

You (M/S)

bokwadgili

bokwadegili

bokwadogili

bokwadagili

bokwadigali

bokwadogili

kwadogili

You (F/S)

bakwadgila

bakwadegila

bakwadogila

bakwadagila

bakwadigala

bakwadogila

kwadogila

You (N/S)

bekwadgilo

bekwadegilo

bekwadogilo

bekwadagilo

bekwadigalo

bekwadogilo

kwadogilo

You (M/P)

bokwadgilōl

bokwadegilōl

bokwadogilōl

bokwadagilōl

bokwadigalōl

bokwadogilōl

kwadoggili

You (F/P)

bakwadgilōl

bakwadegilōl

bakwadogilōl

bakwadagilōl

bakwadigalōl

bakwadogilōl

kwadoggila

You (N/P)

bekwadgilōl

bekwadegilōl

bekwadogilōl

bekwadagilōl

bekwadigalōl

bekwadogilōl

kwadoggilo

He

kwadgili

hēkwadegili

hēkwadogili

kwadagili

hēkwadigali

hēkwadogili

She

kwadgila

hākwadegila

hākwadogila

kwadagila

hākwadigala

hākwadogila

Neuter

kwadgilo

hōkwadegilo

hōkwadogilo

kwadagilo

hōkwadigalo

hōkwadogilo

They (M)

hēkwadgilōl

hēkwadegilōl

hēkwadogilōl

hēkwadagilōl

hēkwadigalōl

hēkwadogilōl

They (F)

hākwadgilōl

hākwadegilōl

hākwadogilōl

hākwadagilōl

hākwadigalōl

hākwadogilōl

They (N)

hōkwadgilōl

hōkwadegilōl

hōkwadogilōl

hōkwadagilōl

hōkwadigalōl

hōkwadogilōl


Tetraconsonantal root verbsEdit

Stem 1: diglili (example: kibnizi - he drove)


Past

Present/Cont.

Future

Past (Passive)

Present/Cont.

(Passive)

Future (Passive)

Imperative

I

midiglil

midiglil

midoglal

midaglal

midaglel

midaglol

We

nediglilōl

nediglilōl

nedoglalōl

nedaglalōl

nedaglelōl

nedaglolōl

You (M/S)

bodiglili

bodiglili

bodoglali

bodaglali

bodagleli

bodagloli

doglali

You (F/S)

badglila

badiglila

badoglala

badaglala

badaglela

badaglola

doglala

You (N/S)

bediglilo

bediglilo

bedoglalo

bedaglalo

bedaglelo

bedaglolo

doglalo

You (M/P)

bodiglilōl

bodiglilōl

bodoglalōl

bodaglalōl

bodaglelōl

bodaglolōl

doggalil

You (F/P)

badiglilōl

badiglilōl

badoglalōl

badaglalōl

badaglelōl

badaglolōl

doggalal

You (N/P)

bediglilōl

bediglilōl

bedoglalōl

bedaglalōl

bedaglelōl

bedaglolōl

doggalol

He

diglili

hēdiglili

hēdoglali

daglali

hēdagleli

hēdagloli

She

diglila

hādiglila

hādoglala

daglala

hādaglela

hādaglola

Neuter

diglilo

hōdiglilo

hōdoglalo

daglalo

hōdaglelo

hōdaglolo

They (M)

hēdiglilōl

hēdiglilōl

hēdoglalōl

hēdaglalōl

hēdaglelōl

hēdaglolōl

They (F)

hādiglilōl

hādiglilōl

hādoglalōl

hādaglalōl

hādaglelōl

hādaglolōl

They (N)

hōdiglilōl

hōdiglilōl

hōdoglalōl

hōdaglalōl

hōdaglelōl

hōdaglolōl


Stem 2: dagdagi (example: kabkabi - he chose)


Past

Present/Cont.

Future

Past (Passive)

Present/Cont.

(Passive)

Future (Passive)

Imperative

I

midagdag

midagdag

midogdag

midagdūg

midagdēg

midagdōg

We

nedagdagōl

nedagdagōl

nedogdagōl

nedagdūgōl

nedagdēgōl

nedagdōgōl

You (M/S)

bodagdagi

bodagdagi

bodogdagi

bodagdūgi

bodagdēgi

bodagdōgi

dogdagi

You (F/S)

badglila

badagdaga

badogdaga

badagdūga

badagdēga

badagdōga

dogdaga

You (N/S)

bedagdago

bedagdago

bedogdago

bedagdūgo

bedagdēgo

bedagdōgo

dogdago

You (M/P)

bodagdagōl

bodagdagōl

bodogdagōl

bodagdūgōl

bodagdēgōl

bodagdōgōl

daggadaggi

You (F/P)

badagdagōl

badagdagōl

badogdagōl

badagdūgōl

badagdēgōl

badagdōgōl

daggadagga

You (N/P)

bedagdagōl

bedagdagōl

bedogdagōl

bedagdūgōl

bedagdēgōl

bedagdōgōl

daggadaggo

He

dagdagi

hēdagdagi

hēdogdagi

dagdūgi

hēdagdēgi

hēdagdōgi

She

dagdaga

hādagdaga

hādogdaga

dagdūga

hādagdēga

hādagdōga

Neuter

dagdago

hōdagdago

hōdogdago

dagdūgo

hōdagdēgo

hōdagdōgo

They (M)

hēdagdagōl

hēdagdagōl

hēdogdagōl

hēdagdūgōl

hēdagdēgōl

hēdagdōgōl

They (F)

hādagdagōl

hādagdagōl

hādogdagōl

hādagdūgōl

hādagdēgōl

hādagdōgōl

They (N)

hōdagdagōl

hōdagdagōl

hōdogdagōl

hōdagdūgōl

hōdagdēgōl

hōdagdōgōl


ParticiplesEdit

Shamalian has two participles active and passive. They're inflected for gender and number only.


Stem

Active Participle

Passive Participle

dgali

dūgal

dugūl

zidguli

hudgul

hudgāl

kwadgili

hukwadgil

hukwadgāl

diglili

hudaglil

hudaglāl

dagdagi

hudagdig

hudagdūg


InfinitiveEdit

The infinitive is the male 3rd person singular past form of the verb

NounsEdit

GendersEdit

Shamalian has three genders (Masculine, Feminine, and Neuter). The Neuter gender is implied, and a special mark is used to show if the noun is otherwise masculine or feminine. Masculine nouns all end with (-b), while feminine nouns end with (-m).

NumberEdit

Shamalian nouns are declined according to two number categories (Singular, Plural). Plural nouns all end with (-ōl)

DictionaryEdit

Example textEdit

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki