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Shilahite

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Shilahite (Shīlahīyat; Square Script: שילהית) is a comstructed language.

Progress 5%
Shilahite
Shīlahīyat; שילהית
Type
Analytic, with Construct case
Alignment
Nominative/Accusative
Head direction
What?
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p  b t  d ʈ k  g q ʔ
Fricative f s  z ʃ ʂ x ħ
Affricate ʈʂ
Approximant w l j ʕ
Trill r

VowelsEdit

Only vowels with mater lectionis (י ,ו) are notated Square Script, but all vowels are written in KARI notation. Vowel pronunciation is much more flexible than that of consonants and may be spoken in whichever manner the speaker feels most comfortable in. Long vowels, ā ī ū, are simply longer in duration than their short counterparts, a i u. Here the alif is used as a null consonant.

KARI

Square Script

Example

e א sir
a א land/long
ā א par
i א hit
ai אי say
ī אי feed
u א shoot
au או fowl
ū או cool

AlphabetEdit

Square Script / Name KARI / Name IPA
א/אלף - / alif /ʔ/
ב / בית b / bīt /b/
ג / גמל g / gemal /g/
ד / דלה d / dalêh /d/
ה / הא h / hā /h/
ו / וה w / wêh /w/
ז / זין z / zīn /z/
ח / חם kh / kham /ħ/
ט / טה th / thêh /ʈ/
י / יד y / yad /j/
כ ך / כף k / kif /k/
ל / למד l / lemad /l/
מ ם / מים m / mīm /m/
נ ן / נון n / nūn /n/
ס / סמך s / semak /ʂ/
ע / עין ' / 'īn /ʕ/
פ ף / פה p, f / fêh /p/, /f/
צ ץ / צד c / chad /ʈʂ/
ק / קה kw / kwêh //
ר / רין r / rīn /r/
ש / שן s, sh / shan /s/, /ʃ/
ת / תוא t / tawā /t/

Difficult consonants:

  • א /ʔ/ is the stop in between "uh'oh"; ע ' /ʕ/, ח kh /ħ/ and ק q /q/ are versions of א /ʔ/, ה h /h/ and כ k /k/ pronounced further back in the throat.
  • The consonants, ט th /ʈ/ ,ס s /ʂ/, צ ch /ʈʂ/ are retroflex versions of t, s and ch, pronounced at the roof of the tongue.

The consonants ע ח ק ט ס צ are emphatic consonants.

Registers Edit

The Shilahite language consists of a spectrum of registers, with High Shilahite (HS) ('alīyêh; עליה) as the higher tier and Shilahite Vulgate (SV) (melwefīyat; מלופית) as the basolect. Generally, High Shilahite is used for communication within members of the Sab' - the seven-man council of government - while Shilahite Vulgate is employed in other contexts. For example, the HS term for a wife is b'alt בעלת "lady" rather than the SV zawgat זוגת "spouse" (lit. pair). The following are the recognised dialects by RCSL:

  • Royal Shilahite. Used during communication with the King. Quadrilateral roots are more common, such as behechel בהצל in place of akel אכל (eat), and pronouns are based on the word shakw שק i.e. shakwayi שקי (me).
  • Mesolect Register. The lower form of High Shilahite, it uses the specialized HS vocabulary without quadrilateral roots and special pronouns present in the Royal register.
  • Standard Speech. Used for day to day communication, Standard Speech is based on accurate pronunciation of the emphatic consonants and intonation.
  • Dialect. Intonation is not present and emphatic consonants are not pronounced.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns decline in four forms:

  • Absolute. The base form of a noun. anyesh אניש, man.
  • Construct. The form of a noun illustrating belonging. anyesh-i-chadkw אניש-צדק, man of righteousness.
  • Emphatic. The definite form of a noun. anyeshawa אנישו, the man
  • Vocative. The address form of a noun. A feature unique to Shilahite within the Semitic languages. yā anyeshā! יא אנישא, O man!

For the absolute case, the ending u is used when it is being described by an attribute. Therefore, "the holy man", אניש קדושו, is anyeshu kudūsawa, not anyesh kudūsawa .

Definite articleEdit

Definiteness in Shilahite is marked by the "wêh" suffix "(wêh sawfī; וה סופי)" and the particle "yā". The suffix "wah" is attached to the end of a noun to mark definiteness in general, while "yā" performs a variety of functions:

  • Marks uniqueness: yā Ilêhwa יא אלהו (the) God
  • Definiteness of a construct noun: yā taurat i Dawlatū יא תורת דולתו the taurat of the State
  • A particle for address: yā Alāhā אלהא יא O God!

is used as a definite marker only when weh is a suffix at the end of a phrase. The weh suffix is gender declinable, which distinguishes Shilahite from other Semitic languages. The following is the declension for the word zawg 'ז'וג, "spouse".

zawg זוג Masculine Feminine
Singular zawgawa זוגו

 the husband

zawgatū זוגתו

 the wife

Plural zawgaywa זוגיו

 the husbands

zawgāwatū זוגותו

 the wives

The word Alêh אלה, "God" is an irregular noun which declines as such: Alāhu (Alêh) אלה, Alāhā אלהא, Ilêhwa אלהו, Ilêhi אלה.

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Shilahite
1Ianā אנא
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3hehawā הוא
4wenukhūn נחון
5you (plural)āt את (m) atī אתי (f)
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notlēh לה
17allkel כל
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavykebwed כבוד
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanīwesht איושת
37man (adult male)ayūsh איוש
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childwald ולד
40wifedawdat דודת
41husbanddawd דוד
42motherim אם
43fatherabwêh אבוה
44animalkhaywat חיות
45fishdāg דג
46birdchfīr צפיר
47dogkilb כלב
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51tree'ich עץ
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitfernēh פרנה
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64blooddām דם
65bonechalā צלא
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headra'sh ראש
73earazun אזן
74eye'īn עין
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthafēh אפה
77toothshin שן
78tonguespat שפת
79fingernailqerneb קרנב
80footrugl רגל
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handyid יד
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyshawd שוד
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartalb אלב
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatakel אכל
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breathenefesh נפש
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearazen אזן
103knowwedi' ודע
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108livekhayeh חיה
109diemūt מות
110killkwechel קצל
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitweseb ושב
125stand'imed עמד
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128givedeten דתן
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayamer אמר
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunshafs שפש
148moonwarkh ורח
149starkakū ככו
150watermā מא
151rainContionary_Wiki
152rivernakhur נחר
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seayim ים
155saltmilkh מלח
156stonechaur צור
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159eartharch ארץ
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windrwakht רוחת
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteabyed אביד
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightlayl ליל
178dayyawm יום
179yearshanwêh שנוה
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldzqīn זקין
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atb ב
202inContionary_Wiki
203withakhul אחל
204andw ו
205iff פ
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameasm אשם


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