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Shilahite

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Shilahite (Shīlahīyat; Square Script: שילהית) is a comstructed language.

Progress 5%
Shilahite
Shīlahīyat; שילהית
Type
Analytic, with Construct case
Alignment
Nominative/Accusative
Head direction
What?
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p  b t  d ʈ k  g q ʔ
Fricative f s  z ʃ ʂ x ħ
Affricate ʈʂ
Approximant w l j ʕ
Trill r

VowelsEdit

Only vowels with mater lectionis (י ,ו) are notated Square Script, but all vowels are written in KARI notation. Vowel pronunciation is much more flexible than that of consonants and may be spoken in whichever manner the speaker feels most comfortable in. Long vowels, ā ī ū, are simply longer in duration than their short counterparts, a i u. Here the alif is used as a null consonant.

KARI

Square Script

Example

e א sir
a א land/long
ā א par
i א hit
ai אי say
ī אי feed
u א shoot
au או fowl
ū או cool

AlphabetEdit

Square Script / Name KARI / Name IPA
א/אלף - / alif /ʔ/
ב / בית b / bīt /b/
ג / גמל g / gemal /g/
ד / דלה d / dalêh /d/
ה / הא h / hā /h/
ו / וה w / wêh /w/
ז / זין z / zīn /z/
ח / חם kh / kham /ħ/
ט / טה th / thêh /ʈ/
י / יד y / yad /j/
כ ך / כף k / kif /k/
ל / למד l / lemad /l/
מ ם / מים m / mīm /m/
נ ן / נון n / nūn /n/
ס / סמך s / semak /ʂ/
ע / עין ' / 'īn /ʕ/
פ ף / פה p, f / fêh /p/, /f/
צ ץ / צד c / chad /ʈʂ/
ק / קה kw / kwêh //
ר / רין r / rīn /r/
ש / שן s, sh / shan /s/, /ʃ/
ת / תוא t / tawā /t/

Difficult consonants:

  • א /ʔ/ is the stop in between "uh'oh"; ע ' /ʕ/, ח kh /ħ/ and ק q /q/ are versions of א /ʔ/, ה h /h/ and כ k /k/ pronounced further back in the throat.
  • The consonants, ט th /ʈ/ ,ס s /ʂ/, צ ch /ʈʂ/ are retroflex versions of t, s and ch, pronounced at the roof of the tongue.

The consonants ע ח ק ט ס צ are emphatic consonants.

Registers Edit

The Shilahite language consists of a spectrum of registers, with High Shilahite (HS) ('alīyêh; עליה) as the higher tier and Shilahite Vulgate (SV) (melwefīyat; מלופית) as the basolect. Generally, High Shilahite is used for communication within members of the Sab' - the seven-man council of government - while Shilahite Vulgate is employed in other contexts. For example, the HS term for a wife is b'alt בעלת "lady" rather than the SV zawgat זוגת "spouse" (lit. pair). The following are the recognised dialects by RCSL:

  • Royal Shilahite. Used during communication with the King. Quadrilateral roots are more common, such as behechel בהצל in place of akel אכל (eat), and pronouns are based on the word shakw שק i.e. shakwayi שקי (me).
  • Mesolect Register. The lower form of High Shilahite, it uses the specialized HS vocabulary without quadrilateral roots and special pronouns present in the Royal register.
  • Standard Speech. Used for day to day communication, Standard Speech is based on accurate pronunciation of the emphatic consonants and intonation.
  • Dialect. Intonation is not present and emphatic consonants are not pronounced.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes No Yes Yes Yes No Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes Yes No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns decline in four forms:

  • Absolute. The base form of a noun. anyesh אניש, man.
  • Construct. The form of a noun illustrating belonging. anyesh-i-chadkw אניש-צדק, man of righteousness.
  • Emphatic. The definite form of a noun. anyeshawa אנישו, the man
  • Vocative. The address form of a noun. A feature unique to Shilahite within the Semitic languages. yā anyeshā! יא אנישא, O man!

For the absolute case, the ending u is used when it is being described by an attribute. Therefore, "the holy man", אניש קדושו, is anyeshu kudūsawa, not anyesh kudūsawa .

Definite articleEdit

Definiteness in Shilahite is marked by the "wêh" suffix "(wêh sawfī; וה סופי)" and the particle "yā". The suffix "wah" is attached to the end of a noun to mark definiteness in general, while "yā" performs a variety of functions:

  • Marks uniqueness: yā Ilêhwa יא אלהו (the) God
  • Definiteness of a construct noun: yā taurat i Dawlatū יא תורת דולתו the taurat of the State
  • A particle for address: yā Alāhā אלהא יא O God!

is used as a definite marker only when weh is a suffix at the end of a phrase. The weh suffix is gender declinable, which distinguishes Shilahite from other Semitic languages. The following is the declension for the word zawg 'ז'וג, "spouse".

zawg זוג Masculine Feminine
Singular zawgawa זוגו

 the husband

zawgatū זוגתו

 the wife

Plural zawgaywa זוגיו

 the husbands

zawgāwatū זוגותו

 the wives

The word Alêh אלה, "God" is an irregular noun which declines as such: Alāhu (Alêh) אלה, Alāhā אלהא, Ilêhwa אלהו, Ilêhi אלה.

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English Shilahite
1Ianā אנא
2you (singular)
3hehawā הוא
4wenukhūn נחון
5you (plural)āt את (m) atī אתי (f)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16notlēh לה
17allkel כל
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavykebwed כבוד
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womanīwesht איושת
37man (adult male)ayūsh איוש
38man (human being)
39childwald ולד
40wifedawdat דודת
41husbanddawd דוד
42motherim אם
43fatherabwêh אבוה
44animalkhaywat חיות
45fishdāg דג
46birdchfīr צפיר
47dogkilb כלב
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree'ich עץ
52forest
53stick
54fruitfernēh פרנה
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blooddām דם
65bonechalā צלא
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72headra'sh ראש
73earazun אזן
74eye'īn עין
75nose
76mouthafēh אפה
77toothshin שן
78tonguespat שפת
79fingernailqerneb קרנב
80footrugl רגל
81leg
82knee
83handyid יד
84wing
85bellyshawd שוד
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heartalb אלב
91liver
92drink
93eatakel אכל
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathenefesh נפש
100laugh
101see
102hearazen אזן
103knowwedi' ודע
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108livekhayeh חיה
109diemūt מות
110killkwechel קצל
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sitweseb ושב
125stand'imed עמד
126turn
127fall
128givedeten דתן
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140sayamer אמר
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunshafs שפש
148moonwarkh ורח
149starkakū ככו
150watermā מא
151rain
152rivernakhur נחר
153lake
154seayim ים
155saltmilkh מלח
156stonechaur צור
157sand
158dust
159eartharch ארץ
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163windrwakht רוחת
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175whiteabyed אביד
176black
177nightlayl ליל
178dayyawm יום
179yearshanwêh שנוה
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184oldzqīn זקין
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201atb ב
202in
203withakhul אחל
204andw ו
205iff פ
206because
207nameasm אשם


Example textEdit

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