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Sileshanea

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Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Spoken by the Aquakin, a tribe from an earth not unlike our own, who share the ability of hydrokinesis. Although spoken in a parallel universe with no ties to ours (and yet somehow it's languages can be written here), it has been speculated that it bears some similarities to the languages of our world.

Phonology: Hawaiian and Latin; fricatives, vowels, nasals and approximates to imitate the sound of water
Grammar: Finnish and Latin; agglutinating>inflecting
Vocabulary: Irish Gaelic, Hawaiian and Hebrew; many meanings for each word, relies on context, as with hawaiian
Script: reverse abugida - different symbols for each vowel, diacritics for consonants

The name literally means, in proto-sileshanea, a collection of songs:

shanā - to sing

le - result of action

si - collection of

ea - abstract noun ending


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ng
Plosive t
Fricative f v th dh s z sh zh h
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap r
Lateral fric. lh
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

The symbols given above are those used in transliterating to the latin alphabet

u and i are sometimes realised as approximates, voiced labial-velar and palatal respectively

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close i ī u ū
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid e ē o ō
Near-open
Open a ā

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

The following dipthongs are allowed: ei ai oi au eu

t can be realised as any stop, but it is usually alveolar

Syllable structure is (C)V(n),
However, under certain circumstances (e.g case ending with final a dropped, plural) a word can end in r, l or sh

There is a simple tone/pitch accent system, similar to Japanese, where each syllable can carry either a high of low tone.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Both transitive and intransitive verbs conjugate according to subject, as in Nom-Acc langs. However, cases are Ergative - that is, subject of an intransitive verb is in the absolute, as is the object of a transitive verb, while the subject of a transitive verb takes the ergative case.

Verbs:
end in -i
prefixes for meaning changes, suffixes for grammatical indications
Tenses:

present (assumed) - the action is happening now

past - one did it, even earlier today
future - one will do it
removed - ancient history, storytelling
Aspects:

simple (assumed)
habitual - happens over and over again
completed - one has done it
ongoing - one is doing it
beginning (inc about to begin) - about to happen
Moods:

emphatic - (ONE DOES IT)
indicative (assumed) -
conditional - (If one does it, then...)
imperative - (I order one to do it)
subjunctive - (it isn't certain whether one is doing it or not)
opiative - (one wants to do it)
debitive - (one must do it)

order of suffixes is tense, aspect then mood
Intransitive verbs conjugate for subject, with either optional pronoun, or noun in abs case
transitive verbs with no subject and a noun as object do not conjugate, and have the noun in the correct case
transitive verbs with no subject and a pronoun as object conjugate for object (same endings as for subject) with the suffix zai

Nouns:
end in -a
suffixes/inflect for cases
Cases: absolute (the dog does something, has something done to it)
ergative (the dog does something)
gen (possesive) (the cat belongs to the dog)
gen (partitive) (some of the dog)
dat (inc moving to) (it was given to the dog, the cat ran to the dog)
abl (true, not latin) (the cat ran from the dog)
loc (located at) (the cat ran around near/at the dog)
instr (the cat did it by [using] the dog)
vocative (O dog!)
equative (the cat ran to the fox, which was equal to the dog. (the dog's equal, the dog's equivalent, sometimes even doglike)
causative (the dog caused the cat to run)

All nouns belong to classes/declensions
i - women/female sentient
e - abstract nouns
a - real life objects
o - live objects (plants, animals)
u - men/male sentient
But sometimes endings can be changed to change meaning,
eg. ball - faxla
fāli - fat woman
fāle - sphere?
fālo - mushroom? pig?
fālu - fat man

Singular, dual/collective plural, plural
dual - a>e (last consonant voiced?)
plural - a>ēsh

endings:
a - definite object
ē - dual, collective plural, indefinite object
- - (a/the/doesn't matter) used more often than in english
esh - plural

adding n to the end of a word or affix indicates negation

Adjectives

Same as nouns but end in o rather than a, which is pluralised to osh. There is no dual/collective plural, so an adjective agreeing with a noun of this form will simply be in plural form.
Must agree in case, gender and number with the noun they describe
Possesive adjectives are based on the letters for pronouns, but with a difference between pertaining to, and owned by. One of them (to be determined at a later date) begins with a, eg my - mo, amo

Where confusion exists:
conjunctions end in
adverbs end in

VocabularyEdit


No. English Sileshanea
1I-m-
2you (singular)-th-
3he-sh-
4we-f- (inc), -n- (exc)
5you (plural)-v-
6they-z-
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11who-l-
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16not-n
17allīle
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewlīmo
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherāmi
43fatherfāthu
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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