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Conlang

Sileshanea

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'
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
No
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Spoken by the Aquakin, a tribe from an earth not unlike our own, who share the ability of hydrokinesis. Although spoken in a parallel universe with no ties to ours (and yet somehow it's languages can be written here), it has been speculated that it bears some similarities to the languages of our world.

Phonology: Hawaiian and Latin; fricatives, vowels, nasals and approximates to imitate the sound of water
Grammar: Finnish and Latin; agglutinating>inflecting
Vocabulary: Irish Gaelic, Hawaiian and Hebrew; many meanings for each word, relies on context, as with hawaiian
Script: reverse abugida - different symbols for each vowel, diacritics for consonants

The name literally means, in proto-sileshanea, a collection of songs:

shanā - to sing

le - result of action

si - collection of

ea - abstract noun ending


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ng
Plosive t
Fricative f v th dh s z sh zh h
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap r
Lateral fric. lh
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

The symbols given above are those used in transliterating to the latin alphabet

u and i are sometimes realised as approximates, voiced labial-velar and palatal respectively

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close
Near-close i ī u ū
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid e ē o ō
Near-open
Open a ā

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

The following dipthongs are allowed: ei ai oi au eu

t can be realised as any stop, but it is usually alveolar

Syllable structure is (C)V(n),
However, under certain circumstances (e.g case ending with final a dropped, plural) a word can end in r, l or sh

There is a simple tone/pitch accent system, similar to Japanese, where each syllable can carry either a high of low tone.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No Yes
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Both transitive and intransitive verbs conjugate according to subject, as in Nom-Acc langs. However, cases are Ergative - that is, subject of an intransitive verb is in the absolute, as is the object of a transitive verb, while the subject of a transitive verb takes the ergative case.

Verbs:
end in -i
prefixes for meaning changes, suffixes for grammatical indications
Tenses:

present (assumed) - the action is happening now

past - one did it, even earlier today
future - one will do it
removed - ancient history, storytelling
Aspects:

simple (assumed)
habitual - happens over and over again
completed - one has done it
ongoing - one is doing it
beginning (inc about to begin) - about to happen
Moods:

emphatic - (ONE DOES IT)
indicative (assumed) -
conditional - (If one does it, then...)
imperative - (I order one to do it)
subjunctive - (it isn't certain whether one is doing it or not)
opiative - (one wants to do it)
debitive - (one must do it)

order of suffixes is tense, aspect then mood
Intransitive verbs conjugate for subject, with either optional pronoun, or noun in abs case
transitive verbs with no subject and a noun as object do not conjugate, and have the noun in the correct case
transitive verbs with no subject and a pronoun as object conjugate for object (same endings as for subject) with the suffix zai

Nouns:
end in -a
suffixes/inflect for cases
Cases: absolute (the dog does something, has something done to it)
ergative (the dog does something)
gen (possesive) (the cat belongs to the dog)
gen (partitive) (some of the dog)
dat (inc moving to) (it was given to the dog, the cat ran to the dog)
abl (true, not latin) (the cat ran from the dog)
loc (located at) (the cat ran around near/at the dog)
instr (the cat did it by [using] the dog)
vocative (O dog!)
equative (the cat ran to the fox, which was equal to the dog. (the dog's equal, the dog's equivalent, sometimes even doglike)
causative (the dog caused the cat to run)

All nouns belong to classes/declensions
i - women/female sentient
e - abstract nouns
a - real life objects
o - live objects (plants, animals)
u - men/male sentient
But sometimes endings can be changed to change meaning,
eg. ball - faxla
fāli - fat woman
fāle - sphere?
fālo - mushroom? pig?
fālu - fat man

Singular, dual/collective plural, plural
dual - a>e (last consonant voiced?)
plural - a>ēsh

endings:
a - definite object
ē - dual, collective plural, indefinite object
- - (a/the/doesn't matter) used more often than in english
esh - plural

adding n to the end of a word or affix indicates negation

Adjectives

Same as nouns but end in o rather than a, which is pluralised to osh. There is no dual/collective plural, so an adjective agreeing with a noun of this form will simply be in plural form.
Must agree in case, gender and number with the noun they describe
Possesive adjectives are based on the letters for pronouns, but with a difference between pertaining to, and owned by. One of them (to be determined at a later date) begins with a, eg my - mo, amo

Where confusion exists:
conjunctions end in
adverbs end in

VocabularyEdit


No. English Sileshanea
1I-m-
2you (singular)-th-
3he-sh-
4we-f- (inc), -n- (exc)
5you (plural)-v-
6they-z-
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who-l-
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not-n
17allīle
18many
19some
20fewlīmo
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42motherāmi
43fatherfāthu
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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