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Solsprak

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Progress 52%
Sun Speak
Solsprak
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Nominative Accusative
Head direction
First
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Solsprak is spoken across the continent of Terra Morta and has changed little as the Ages have passed. Though the continent is vast, there are very few Solborn (Children of the Sun) left. Terra Morta (dead earth), once called Ohrosis Placiel (golden plains), has suffered the most during the past Ages. A mere 500,000 Solborn are still alive and speaking Solsprak. Cut off from the rest of the world, the words and warnings of Solborn have gone unheeded. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal M N ŋ
Plosive P B T D K G
Fricative β F V θ ð S Z ʃ ʒ x h
Affricate p̪͡f t͡s ʧ ʤ
Approximant W R J
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. L
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close y u
Near-close ɪ ʏ ʊ
Close-mid e
Mid ə ɔː
Open-mid ɜ ʌ
Near-open æ
Open ɑː

ɒ

AlphabetEdit

PhonotacticsEdit

Dipthongs: aɪ̯, oʊ̯, eɪ̯, aʊ̯ ʌɪ̯ ɔɪ̯ ʊu̯ ɪi̯ iːɐ̯ ɪɚ̯ ɛɚ̯ ʊɚ̯ uːɐ̯ wa wo wi

Phonemes that do not occur at the end of a word are  ŋ (eng),  ʒ (Ezh), ʤ, and ð

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb Yes Yes No Yes Yes No Yes No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No Yes No Yes Yes No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

ADJECTIVESEdit

Attributive adjectives follow the same order that English uses. 

  1. Determiners — articles, adverbs, and other limiters.
  2. Observation — postdeterminers and limiter adjectives (e.g., a real hero, a perfect idiot) and adjectives subject to subjective measure (e.g., beautiful, interesting), or objects with a value (e.g., best, cheapest, costly)
  3. Size and Shape — adjectives subject to objective measure (e.g., wealthy, large, round), and physical properties such as speed.
  4. Age — adjectives denoting age (e.g., young, old, new, ancient, six-year-old).
  5. Color — adjectives denoting color (e.g., red, black, pale).
  6. Origin — denominal adjectives denoting source of noun (e.g., French, American, Canadian).
  7. Material — denominal adjectives denoting what something is made of (e.g., woolen, metallic, wooden).
  8. Qualifier — final limiter, often regarded as part of the noun (e.g., rocking chair, hunting cabin, passenger car, book cover).

EXAMPLES Hungry, hungrier, hungriest

The word (suhl) hunger is used. To denote stages of hunger, emotion, etc the following need to be added: ik, ikt, ikts

Suhlik (hungry--the begginings of hunger)

Suhlikt (hungrier--very hungry)

Suhlikts (hungriest--extreme hunger) 

Kha uhm suhlik. "I am hungry."

Kha uhm sujlikts "I am starving." 

VERBSEdit

Present Tense
Conjugation Translation
Kha uhm I am
Feh con You are
Fahsahd con They are
Sekh tu It is
Roh con We are
Bis Being
Future Tense
Conjugation Translation
Kha mah I will
Feh mahst You will
Voh/Dah/Sekh mah He/she/it will
Roh mahen We will
Fahsahd mahrad they will
Past Tense
Conjugation Translation
Kha shu I was
Voh/dah/sekh shu He/she/it was 
Feh shurst You were
Fahsahd shurad They were

NOUN GENDEREdit

In Solsprak nouns decline by the three different 'genders'. Animate Feminine: Used for animals, people, and titles.  Dahs is the equivalent article used for all A.F. nouns. When referring to a plural noun, Dahs becomes DahshaCommon A.F. noun endings are: a, ez, s, iel, i

EXAMPLE: Dahs Curiz (the female healer)   OR  Dahsha Curizha (the healers)

Animate Masculine: Used for animals, people, and titles.  Vohs is the equivalent article used for all A.M. nouns. When referring to a plural noun, Vohs becomes Vohsha Common A.M. noun endings are: e, ion, r, pa

EXAMPLE: Vohs Curir (the male healer)  OR  Vohsha Curizha

Inanimate/Neutral: Used for non-living things, concepts, or living things that have no obvious gender. (Flowers, trees, toys, etc) Fahs is the equivalent article used for all Inanimate/neutral nouns. Common inanimate/neutral noun endings are: ios, ki, x, t, h, ed, r, y, l  Neutral nouns may also use A.F. and A.M. noun endings from time to time, though it is rare.  The plural form of Fahs is Fahsha, though unlike in gendered nouns, the plural noun defined by the article does not always add the ha at the end. Instead, the letter s often denotes a plural noun.

EXAMPLE: Fahs Svor (the sword)  OR Fahsha Svors
     Fahs Pax (the peace)


== Numbers==
     Fahs Sechar (the axe)   OR Fahsha Sechars 
Cardinal Numbers
Number  Nuhms
0 Ohn
1 Kha
2 Duo
3 Drix
4 Trad
5 Fuhn
6 Sech
7 Siech
8 Ach
9 Novh
10 Dech
Numbers 11-19 are very simple to write. For example, dech an kha is 11. Literally, ten and one. Follow with dech an duo, dech an drix, et cetera. 
For the number 20, dech an dech is acceptable, but for simplicities sake the leading numbers are as follows. 
Numbers Nuhms
20 Duozi
30 Drixzi
40 Tradzi
50 Fuhnzi
60 Sechzi
70 Siechzi
80 Achzi
90 Novhzi
100 Khaza

So, if you wanted to say 150 it would be Khaus an fhunzi. 105 would be Khaus an fuhn. 155 would be khaus an fhunzi fuhn To express the numbers 100, 200, 300, etc simply add the suffix 'us'. Duous, drixus, tradus, etc. 


VocabularyEdit




Queries
English Equivalent Solsprak Equivalent
Which Vikh
Who Fah
What Vehm
Where Viel
How Vord
When Zieos
Why Var
This Vohs
Here Prae
Now Nuhn
There Vor
 
Something
English Equivalent Solsprak Equivalent
Some Port
Someone Portkha
Something Portreyh
Somewhere Portvi
Sometime

Portzi

Somehow Pfvordah

 

None/Nothing
None Nothing Nowhere Never
Ohns Ohnohs Ohnvi Quand


Every/All
Every/All Everyone Everything Everywhere/ All around Always/Forever/Eternal
Ahl Ahlkha Ahlreyh Ahlvi Avitahs


He, She, They
I We You He She They
Kha Roh Feh Voh Dah Fahsahd

 Example textEdit

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