| Soo ta Aangii|
Sena ta Mae
|Alignment||Nominative - accusative|
|Head direction||Head final|
|Genders||Animate - Inanimate|
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
|Flap or tap||ɽ~ɭ|
Vowels can be short or long. A long vowel is written by duplicating the letter.
Syllable structure: (C)V(C)(C) - <l> is a retroflex approximant /ɭ/ if: word-final; before another consonant - <l> is a retroflex flap /ɽ/ if: intervocalic; after another consonant. - Can be either in the onset, depends on the coda of the preceding word.
- <o> is typically /ɔ/ but tends to /u/ if word-final.
- <j, v, h, ´> not allowed in the coda.
- <j, v, h, ´> cannot be followed by <l>-
become <m, n, ng> if word-final - <m, n, ng> become <p, t, k> if followed by <l> - If <t> is followed by <l>, an voiceless schwa is inserted in-between.
The word order is OSV. Adverbs normally precede the object and begin the sentence. Soo ta Aangii uses postpositions. Certain particles can have different functions depending on where they are placed in the sentence. For example, he which placed at the beginning of a sentence means "now, right now", is the present-tense particle when after a verb.
Due to the analytical nature of the language, nouns do not inflect. Grammatical function, gender and plural do not affect words.
Verbs are not conjugated; context generally determines what time the verb refers to. However, temporal adverbs can be used as particles if necessary. If that is the case, instead of beginning the sentence, they are placed after the verb. A limited number of adverbs can be used as particles, and thus be placed after the verb; the others must be at the start of the clause. Here are the adverbs that can be used as particles:
- He: present tense
- Voi (later, at some point in the future): future tense
- Ma´a (earlier, at some point in the past): past tense.
Similarly, the imperative is formed with a particle:sa. This particle is derived from the modal saan (must), and not an adverb. Unlike adverb particles, sa is placed in-between the subject and the verb, and not after it.
The conditional mood must be understood from context, as there is no particle for it.
Ime Iko´i mijaa ves, kii ime haeiima.
/imɛ ikɔʔi miʝaː vɛs, kiː imɛ ha͡e.iːmæ/
1SG Iko´i love if, 3SG-AN 1SG marry
If Iko´i loved me, I would marry her.