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Souk (phearaosa souk) is the native language of the Kai people in Southeast Asia. With a little over one million L1 speakers, it is by far the most widely spoken of the Kai-Souk languages, a branch of the larger Song language family. Souk is head-first and primarily isolating, but employs a pattern of infixes and vowel change. It is syllable-timed and has a simple tone system.

Souk
phearaosa souk
Type
Isolating
Alignment
Nominative
Head direction
First
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
animate/inanimate
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



PhonologyEdit

The below tables represent the best achievable standard for Souk available in the region. Some rural dialects have preserved additional consonants which have been since lost in the modern, urban standard below:

VowelsEdit

The table below lists the first grouping of vowels; namely, the short monophthongs. Souk no longer contrasts diphthongs with long vowels: all formerly pure long vowels (eg. /eː/) have since gained a pattern of centering (eg. [eˑə̆]); thus are they no longer differentiated from ordinary diphthongs.

Monophthongs

IPA a ə ɛ e i ɨ ʉ u ɒ
Latin a eu ae e i ea u ou o aw

Diphthongs

ai əi ɛə ɛi ei ɨə
aa ai euy aea aey ee ey ie eae
ʉə ʉi ui o̞ə o̞i ɒə ɒi ao
ue uy ouo ouy oa oy aww awy ao

ConsonantsEdit

Nearly any consonant can appear in coda, or as one half of a word-initial cluster; some are much more common than others. The voiceless plosives /p, t, c, k/ have aspirated variants [pʰ, tʰ, cʰ, kʰ]; these can be better analysed, however, as clusters, since infixes can appear between the plosive and the aspiration, eg. kho ("island") > koh ("island of").

m n ɲ ŋ p t c k ɓ ɗ1 ʄ l ɹ s z h j ʋ w
m n ñ ng p t c k b d j l r s z h y v w
  • 1. Word-final /ɗ/ is a dental approximant [ð]

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