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| Name: Sralnic
Head Direction: Head Final
Number of genders: 3
Sralnic is a language isolate. It has a moderately complex but highly regular grammar. The language is most spoken in the island of Esrilt, located in the northern part of the North Sea.
Sralnic has twenty-four letters, composed of eighteen consonants and six vowels. It is the same as the traditional Latin Alphabet, but with the absence of C (where K and S are used instead) and Q (where KW is used instead). There are also five digraphs, ng, th, dh, sh, and zh. The alphabet looks like this:
This is a chart of all the consonants found in Sralnic and what letter represents them, in parentheses. In paired places, the top is unvoiced and the bottom is voiced.
|Nasals||m (m)||n (n)||ŋ (ng)|
|x (x)||h (h)|
|Approxim.||ɹ (r)||j (j)|
|Flaps / taps|
|Lateral Appr.||l (l)|
|Co-art. approx.||w (w) +velar||w (w) +labiod|
This is a chart of all the vowels found in Sralnic and what letter represents them, in parentheses. If in pairs, unrounded vowels are on top and rounded vowels are on the bottom. There are six vowels, a, e, i, o, u, and y.
- There are six types of sounds in Sralnic: Nasals (N, M, etc.), Plosives (T, K, etc.), Fricatives (F, S, etc.), Laterals (L), Vowels (A, E, etc.), and Approximants (R, W, etc.).
- Nasals can only be next to vowels, and can never be next to another consonant.
- Plosives can only be next to vowels, and before laterals, fricatives (affricates), and approximants, and after fricatives.
- Fricatives follow no rules, however, they can not be placed next to each other.
- Laterals can only be next to vowels, and follow fricatives and plosives.
- Vowels follow no rules, and can be placed next to each other. Each vowel is pronounced distinctly--no diphthongs.
- Approximants can only be next to vowels, and follow fricatives and plosives.
- These rules do not apply if the consonants are part of separate syllables.
Stress is regular, with the accented syllable always being located on the final syllable. Stress is light, and no two words are the same except for in stress.
Sralnic is phonetic, so each word is written as it sounds and vice versa. However, foreign names are usually not changed to be phonetic.
Nouns are declined two ways, by Gender (which acts sort of like Noun Class in Swahili), and Number. There are three genders and three numbers.
In Sralnic there are three genders, Animate, Natural, and Artificial. Each noun receives its gender rationally--there is no randomness. In this sense, it is technically a noun class, though it is considered gender mainly. Abstract nouns (ideas) mostly belong to Artificial but some may belong to Natural or Animate. For example, Life is considered Animate and Science is considered Natural.
|Animate||Living things||Person, Horse, Tree|
|Natural||Things found naturally||Stone, Water, Air|
|Artificial||Things that are made||House, Book, Pen|
There are three numbers in Sralnic, Singular, Paucal, and Plural. There is no defined line between paucal and plural, instead, there is a transition from 7 to 10, where either could be used.
|Singular||One: 1, 0, or -1|
|Paucal||Few: 2 to 10, -2 to -10|
|Plural||Many: 7 and up, -7 and down|