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Sralnic

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Name: Sralnic

Type: Fusional

Alignment: Direct

Head Direction: Head Final

Number of genders: 3

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No No Yes
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No Yes No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No Yes No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


SettingEdit

Sralnic is a language isolate. It has a moderately complex but highly regular grammar. The language is most spoken in the island of Esrilt, located in the northern part of the North Sea.

PhonologyEdit

Sralnic has twenty-four letters, composed of eighteen consonants and six vowels. It is the same as the traditional Latin Alphabet, but with the absence of C (where K and S are used instead) and Q (where KW is used instead). There are also five digraphs, ng, th, dh, sh, and zh. The alphabet looks like this:

ABDEFGHIJKLMNOPRSTUVWXYZ
abdefghijklmnoprstuvwxyz

ConsonantsEdit

This is a chart of all the consonants found in Sralnic and what letter represents them, in parentheses. In paired places, the top is unvoiced and the bottom is voiced.

Bilabial Labiod. Dental Alveol. Postalv. Retrofl. Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyn. Epiglot. Glottal
Nasals m (m) n (n) ŋ (ng)
Plosives p (p)
b (b)
t (t)
d (d)
k (k)
g (g)
Fricatives f (f)
v (v)
θ (th)
ð (dh)
s (s)
z (z)
ʃ (sh)
ʒ (zh)
x (x) h (h)
Approxim. ɹ (r) j (j)
Trills
Flaps / taps
Lateral Fric.
Lateral Appr. l (l)
Affricates
Co-art. approx. w (w) +velar w (w) +labiod

VowelsEdit

This is a chart of all the vowels found in Sralnic and what letter represents them, in parentheses. If in pairs, unrounded vowels are on top and rounded vowels are on the bottom. There are six vowels, a, e, i, o, u, and y.

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i (i)
y (y)
u (u)
Near-close
Close-mid o (o)
Mid
Open-mid ɛ (e)
Near-open
Open a (a)

PhonotacticsEdit

  • There are six types of sounds in Sralnic: Nasals (N, M, etc.), Plosives (T, K, etc.), Fricatives (F, S, etc.), Laterals (L), Vowels (A, E, etc.), and Approximants (R, W, etc.).
    • Nasals can only be next to vowels, and can never be next to another consonant.
    • Plosives can only be next to vowels, and before laterals, fricatives (affricates), and approximants, and after fricatives.
    • Fricatives follow no rules, however, they can not be placed next to each other.
    • Laterals can only be next to vowels, and follow fricatives and plosives.
    • Vowels follow no rules, and can be placed next to each other. Each vowel is pronounced distinctly--no diphthongs.
    • Approximants can only be next to vowels, and follow fricatives and plosives.
    • These rules do not apply if the consonants are part of separate syllables.

StressEdit

Stress is regular, with the accented syllable always being located on the final syllable. Stress is light, and no two words are the same except for in stress.

SpellingEdit

Sralnic is phonetic, so each word is written as it sounds and vice versa. However, foreign names are usually not changed to be phonetic.

Basic GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns are declined two ways, by Gender (which acts sort of like Noun Class in Swahili), and Number. There are three genders and three numbers.

GenderEdit

In Sralnic there are three genders, Animate, Natural, and Artificial. Each noun receives its gender rationally--there is no randomness. In this sense, it is technically a noun class, though it is considered gender mainly. Abstract nouns (ideas) mostly belong to Artificial but some may belong to Natural or Animate. For example, Life is considered Animate and Science is considered Natural.

Gender Description Example
Animate Living things Person, Horse, Tree
Natural Things found naturally Stone, Water, Air
Artificial Things that are made House, Book, Pen

NumberEdit

There are three numbers in Sralnic, Singular, Paucal, and Plural. There is no defined line between paucal and plural, instead, there is a transition from 7 to 10, where either could be used.

Gender Description
Singular One: 1, 0, or -1
Paucal Few: 2 to 10, -2 to -10
Plural Many: 7 and up, -7 and down

DictionaryEdit

Example textEdit

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