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Standard-Moirmhe

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Standard-Moirmhe
Moirmhe-Sinéighd
Type Agglutinating
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head-Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Two (Singular, and Plural)
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 65%
Statistics
Nouns 90%
Verbs 88%
Adjectives 63%
Syntax 36%
Words 100 of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]

Standard-Moirmhe, Céalo-Moirmhe, or Moirmhe-Sinéighd is the standardised Ellonic language. Moirmhe is an Ellonic language, meaning that it comes from Proto-Ellonic. Over time Moirmhe has lost a lot of Ellonic characteristics such as verbs and conjugations, however it still has the original High-Ellonic phonology.

Spoken by roughly 20 million people, Céalo-Moirmhe is the most spoken language in Mauria / Maýréa. It is also considered the 'Lingua Franca of Mauria.

Céalo-Moirmhe has mostly Ellonic roots, but does have Salic and Germanisc substrate. An example of this is the conjugation of verbs, most suffixes are borrowed from Germanisc.

Phonology Edit

Much of the phonology comes from Old High-Ellonic, which by itself hasn't changed a lot when compared to Proto-Ellonic. The only thing that could be considered different is that Old High-Ellonic went through the High Ellonic nasal law. This changed the vowels behind nasal consonants, and mutates the next consonant.

Consonants Edit

Consonants are exactly the same since they developed in Proto-Ellonic, the only different is the loss of aspiration of voiceless stops in Céalo-Moirmh.

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s x ɣʲ h
Approximant j*
Trill r
Lateral app. l
  • /j/ isn't used as one single consonant, it is found more often in palatalised consonants.

Some dialects tend to pronounce /ɣʲ/ more like /xʲ/, and some even go further and pronounce it like /ç/. This is because of a new sound shift currently active in the language. Officials still use /ɣʲ/.

Vowels Edit

Céalo-Moirmhe has a symmetric vowel inventory, unlike the Low-Ellonic dialects, and didn't take part in the Low-Ellonic vowel shifts. That means that there are no front rounded vowels, and no back unrounded vowels. Mid vowels have been changed into either back or front vowels.

Front Central Back
High i u
High-mid e o
Mid
Low-mid ɛ ɔ
Low a ɑ

This vowel symmetry is mainly because of Mauric, which had a form of vowel harmony. But it didn't survive in any of the language groups that evolved from Mauric. In lower dialects, the vowels have somewhat 'restored' themselves but in Céalo-Moirmhe this is not the case.

Grammar Edit

Céalo-Moirmhe has been influenced a lot when it comes to grammar. It lost 1 of 5 cases, and conjugations are borrowed from Germanisc. The entire plural has been influenced by Salic and Xiú cases.

Nouns Edit

Like all Ellonic Languages, Céalo-Moirmhe doesn't have genders, just a singular and a plural (these are considered Genders by some). Nouns are declined in 4 cases, although there are some idioms who contain the 5th case (Old High-Ellonic had 5 cases).

Singular Plural
Nominative -ughe
Genitive -lo -loghe
Dative -mhy -mhyghe
Accusative -ny -nyghy
Vocative (IDIOMS ONLY) -te -téighe

One of these idioms include:

  • Appliðughe ghaeshomhe a-ddantéighe /apliðuɣʲ ɣʲæsʲovʲ aðantɛi:ɣʲ/ = The apple doestn't fall far from the tree.

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