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Standard Ancaron is the standardized language of the Ancaron Empire, which is centered in the Small Magellanic Cloud. It is used to facilitate communication between different, far flung regions of the empire, and also sometimes with other civilizations in the region.

Name: Standard Ancaron

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment: Nominative-Accusative

Head Direction: Mixed

Number of genders: 0

Declensions: No

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


General AgreementEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Alveolar Velar Glottal
Nasal m1 n2
Plosive p b t d k3 g ʔ4
Fricative f v5 s z6
Flap/Tap ɾ7
Lateral Approximant l
  1. /m/ becomes [n] before /n, t, d/ and [ŋ] before /k, g/
  2. /n/ becomes [m] before /m, p, b/ and [ŋ] before /k, g/
  3. /k/ is romanized as <c>
  4. /ʔ/ is romanized as <q>
  5. /f, v/ become [ɸ, β] when adjacent to /m, p, b/
  6. /s, z/ are palatalised [ʃ, ʒ] before /i/
  7. /ɾ/ is romanized as <r>, and becomes [ɚ] in syllable codas, or [a] in a syllable coda following /a/.
  8. All other consonants are romanized as their (base) IPA values

VowelsEdit

MonophthongsEdit

Front Central Back
Close i u
Close-mid e o
Open a
  1. /a e i o u/ become [ə ɛ ɪ ɔ ʊ] in open syllables

DiphthongsEdit

falling rising
ae ea
ai jo1
ao wa2
ia we2
ou wi2
  1. [j] is romanized as <i>
  2. [w] is romanized as <u>
  3. All other vowels are romanized as their base IPA values.
  4. The /a e i o u/ to [ə ɛ ɪ ɔ ʊ] transition occurs in diphthongs as well as monophthongs in open syllables, but only to the second vowel in the diphthong.

PhonotacticsEdit

The basic syllable structure is (C)V(C), with C in general being any consonant and V any vowel or diphthong. /ʔ/ is the main exception, as it can only be found as an initial, and following a codaless syllable. All consonants (except for /ʔ/) can be geminated, and the geminated forms can only occur as an initial as well. The syllable preceding a syllable with an initial geminate will not have a coda. Geminated consonants are formed from two identical consonants (or two nasals) meeting across syllable boundaries.

StressEdit

Stress is on either the first or second syllable of a root or compound, depending on the openness of the first syllable. If the first syllable is open, the second syllable has the stress, otherwise the first syllable has the stress. There is no real pattern to stress over long words, as they are broken up depending on their roots into fragments, which then take stress according the the above rules. For example: Tacartacar ta-car-tacar [tə.ˈkaː.ˈtak.aː] NEG-some-island no islands

ta and car, both being single syllable prefixes, are considered together, with the stress on the second syllable as the first syllable is open. Tacar, meanwhile, is a word on its own and has stress on the first syllable, as the first syllable is closed.

MorphologyEdit

NounsEdit

Ancaron nouns have no gender, case, definiteness, and technically no number, so there isn't any inflection of the noun. As an example, pain ([pain]) could be translated as "bone", "a bone", "the bone", "some bones", "the bones", and so on, depending on the context of the sentence. However there is a sort of number system that can be used as well, though it is optional for all nouns.

For example, using on ([on]), "person"

Form Meaning Example Translation
fen [fen] few fenon a couple people
car [kaː] some caron some people; people
in [in] many inon many people
ev [ev] every evon everyone

Note that while these are all prefixes, they do not require any change to the root noun, unlike in English. There is no true plural form, though the car form is sometimes considered to be sort of a true plural. If an exact number is important, the number is attached as a prefix to the bare root in much the same way. Example: vucon ([ˈvuk.on]) "three people"

PronounsEdit

Ancaron pronouns are quite simple, and there are 4 different pronouns, one for each person. The forth person pronoun is typically used as a placeholder, when it isn't known or doesn't matter who or what is involved, but there is need for it to be there.

Plain Meaning
muc 1st person
doc 2nd person
et 3rd person
cu 4th person

The same system of number that is used for nouns can also be used for pronouns. Also, Ancaron pronouns can take adjectives just like nouns can. One way in which this is commonly used is when it is necessary to state whether someone is a guy or a girl, using nana et for "he" or nina et for "she".

VerbsEdit

Adjectives/AdverbsEdit

DeterminersEdit

PostpositionsEdit

Derivational MorphologyEdit

SyntaxEdit

Noun PhrasesEdit

Verb PhrasesEdit

Adjective and Adverb UsageEdit

Pronoun UsageEdit

Postpositional UsageEdit

Simple SentencesEdit

Complex SentencesEdit

DictionaryEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

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