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Suix
Suix
Type Synthetic
Alignment Nominative Accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator aschiffer186


General InformationEdit

Suix (/ʃwix ~ ʃwi/). Suix is a language in a fictional language. It is the official language of Trágo and is spoken by about 50 million native speakers. It is also spoken by about 150 million L2 and L3 speakers and is the second most widely spoken language of their world. The etymology of Suix is unknown exactly, but it probably comes from words meaning "royal tongue" as Old Suix used to be the language of royalty. 

Classification and DialectsEdit

There are two main dialects of Suix: central Suix, spoken mostly in cities and wealthy areas, and rural Suix - spoken in rural and poorer areas. The two dialects are similar grammatically, but rural Suix uses the coupla and formal pronouns less frequently. The two dialects also have some differences in vocab. Central Suix is considered the standard form and will be used throughout this article. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v s z (ʃ ʒ)1 x h
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Approximant l j w
Flap or tap ɾ~r2

1Allophones of /s/ and /z/ in 

2/ɾ/ is used primarily in rural Suix, /r/ is used in central Suix

AllophonyEdit

1. /f/ > [v] between vowels

2. /tj, dj/ > [tʲ dʲ]

3. /m, n/ omitted before /x, h/

VowelsEdit

Front Back
High i, i: u, u:
Near-high ɪ
High-mid e, e: o, o:
Low-mid ɛ ʌ
Near-low æ
Low a, a:

DipthongsEdit

/aɪ aʊ ɔɪ eu jV wV/

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllabes in Suix are (C)(C)V(C)(C).

StressEdit

Stress in Suix usually falls on the antepenultimate syllable in words with 3 or more syllables and on the last syllable in words with less than 3 syllables. When stress is irregular, it is marked with an acute accent (´). In rural Suix, there is slight a rising pitch on stressed syllables. This is rare in central Suix.

SandhiEdit

1. /x, h/ are deleted word finally when not followed by a vowel.

2. Vowels are dropped world finally if followed by another vowel.

3. Rural Suix only: Consonants are dropped at the end of a word when the next word starts with the same consonant

Writing SystemEdit

Letter Aa, Āā Ää Bb Cc Dd Ee, Ēē Ëë  Ff Gg Hh Ii, Īī Ïï
Sound a, a: æ b k d e, e: ɛ f g h i, i: ɪ
Letter Jj Ll Mm Nn Nn nn Oo, Ōō Pp Rr Ss Tt Uu, Ūū Üü
Sound j l m n ɲ o, o: p ɾ~r s t u, u: ʌ
Letter Ww Xx Zz Chch Dhdh Aiai Auau Oioi Eueu
Sound w x z ɔɪ eu

Sometimes long vowels are written by doubling the vowel instead of using a macron. This is not strictly permitted, but is sometimes seen in both central and rural Suix (more often rural) and seen in names. 

Alos strictly speaking, all pronouns and the first and last word of each sentence should be capitalized. The first word is always capitalized, but the other two rules are often ignored. 

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

OverviewEdit

There are two large classes of nouns in Suix: animate and inanimate nouns. Animate nouns are further separated into neuter, feminine, and masculine genders. Gender is assigned logically; anything that could not posses a biological gender is automatically neuter. Inanimate nouns are not further divided into other genders but are rather considered their own separate gender.   Nouns in Suix decline for the nominative, accusative, dative, genitive, ablative, allative, vocative, and instrumental cases. They also decline for singular, dual, and plural numbers.

The dictionary form of a noun is the accusative singular and the nominative singular. When declining a noun, it is important to memorize both the accusative singular to get the declension and the nominative singular to get the stem.

Inanimate NounsEdit

Inanimate nouns are not split into different genders like animate nouns, but they are split into different declension categories. They tend to be very regular; the only significantly irregular noun is viriä, vers (life) which declines as an inanimate noun, but is actually an animate neuter noun.

Declension IEdit

Declension I nouns have an accusative singular that ends in -ax or -ex. Example: vailex, vailër - paper

Singular Dual Plural
Nominative vailër vailat vailan
Accusative vailex vailet vailen
Dative vaile vailëx vailën
Genitive vailax vailäx vailän
Ablative vailas vailast vailant
Allative vailes vailest vailent
Vocative vailēx vailēt vailēn
Instrumental vailāx vailāt vailān
Declension IIEdit

Declension II nouns have an accusative singular that ends in -ä//ë. Example: maine, main - wall

Singular Dual Plural
Nominative main mainer mainech
Accusative mainë mainër mainëch
Dative mainï mainïr mainïch
Genitive mainü mainür mainüch
Ablative mainic mainir mainach
Allative mainaic mainair mainaich
Vocative mainïc mainirc mainech
Instrumental mainëc mainerc mainēch

Irregular noun: virä, vers

Singular

Dual Plural
Nominative vers verser verech
Accusative virä verër verëch
Dative viri virir virich
Genitive veru verur veruch
Ablative viric virir virich
Allative viraic virair viraich
Vocative verïc virirc verech
Instrumental verëc verërc verēch
Declension IIIEdit

Declension III nouns have an accusative singular that ends in a consonant other than -x or -l . This declension is unique in that the vocative case is no longer distinguishable from the nominative. Example noun is crēg, crērg - metal

Singular

Dual Plural
Nominative crērg crēgir crēgur
Accusative crēg crēga crēgi
Dative crēgri crēgra crēg
Genitive crēgar crēgïr crēgür
Ablative crēgül crēgil crēgäl
Allative crēgum crēgüm crēgam
Vocative crērg crēgir crēgur
Instrumental crēgëc crēgäc crēgac
Declension IVEdit

Declension IV nouns have an accusative singular that ends in -l. Example noun is alil, alire - allele

Singular

Dual Plural
Nominative alire alies alin
Accusative alil alils aliln
Dative alila alilas alilan
Genitive alir alirs aliran
Ablative alim alims aliman
Allative alima alimat alimōn
Vocative alix alixat alixet
Instrumental ali alis alina


Animate NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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