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Swensh

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Swensh (Swensh: Svéamál, ISO code: svk) is a language based off Old Swedish. The difference from modern Swedish is some grammar changes (four cases, three genders, verbs conjugated after persons etc.), vocabulary (very few loan words), and pronunciation as well.

Grammar Edit

Verb Edit

Conjugation of skáþa Personal forms
Singular Plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
Indicative iæk þú han vír ír þér
Present skáþar skáþar skáþar skáþom skáþin skáþa
Past skáþaþe skáþaþe skáþaþe skáþaþom skáþaþin skáþaþo
Subjunctive iæk þú han vír ír þér
Present skáþe skáþe skáþe skáþom skáþin skáþin
Past skáþaþe skáþaþe skáþaþe skáþaþom skáþaþin skáþaþin
Imperative iæk þú han vír ír þér
Present skáþa skáþom skáþin
Impersonal forms All persons
Present participle skáþande
Past participle skáþaþer

Like other Germanic languages, Swensh has got strong verbs. There are three moods; indicative, subjunctive and imperative. To the right is the conjugation of the regular 1st conjugation verb skáþa, to hurt. Perfect tense is formed by using present of háva, "to have" (although sometimes véra, "be"), + past participle with correct gender and number. Pluperfect is formed with past tense of háva (although sometimes vara) + past partiple with correct gender and number. The present participle is indeclinable. Strong verbs and other irregular verbs are present.


Examples of past tense:

  • Han háver hana ælskaþ. (He has her loved) — He has loved her.
  • Iak æm ankomen i husenu. (I am arrived at house-the) — I have arrived at the house, with véra as the auxiliary verb. Hús is in dative, húsenu.

NounsEdit

Inflexion of fisker, m. Definiteness
Indefinite Definite
Singular Plural Singular Plural
Nominative fisker fiskeren fiskar fiskarner
Genitive fisks fiskrens fiska fiskana
Accusative fisk fisken fiskar fiskarnar
Dative fiske fiskenom fiskom fiskonom

Nouns belong to a gender, masculine, feminine or neuter. To he right is the inflextion of the neuter noun fisk. Umlaut and zero plural is present among Swensh nouns.

Ortography/phonologyEdit

Phoneme Pronunciation Swedish equivalent
á (bár) /ɐː/ a (bar) /ɑː/
á (blár) /ɐː/ å (blå) /oː/
a (han) /a/ a (han) /a/
a (atta) /a/ å (åtta) /ɔ/
b (bók) /b/ b (bok) /b/
d (drǽpa) /d/ d (dräpa) /d/
é (én) /ɛe/ e (en) /eː/
e (eig) /ɛ/ e (ej) /ɛ/
f (fáþer) /f/ f (fader) /f/
f [final] (f) /v/ v (hav) /v/
g (ganga) /g/ g (gå) /g/
g [following n] (siunga) /ŋ/ ng (sjunga)
h (hæster) /h/ h (häst)

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