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Sydlandic
Sýdlænske
Type Fusional
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

Sydlandic is a North Germanic languages which roses from the Old Norse dialects the Scandinavian settlers spoke. Because of its geographical isolation it's still very grammatically very conservative like Icelandic and Faroese and the changes of the Scandinavian languages, like in Danish or Swedish the lost of the cases, has never taken place.

Writing SystemEdit

Letter a b d e f g h i j k l m
Sound /a/ /b/ /d/ /ε-ə/ /f/ /g-j/ /h/ /i/ /j/ /k/ /l/ /m/
Letter n o p r s t u v x y á æ
Sound /n/ /o/ /p/ /ʁ/ /s/ /t/ /u/ /v/ /ks/ /i/ /oa/ /æ/
Letter ð é í ó ø ú ý
Sound /ð/ /ε/ /i:/ /əʊ̯/ /ø/ /u:/ /y/
  1. If the letter e is in the first or only syllable of a word, it is pronounced /ε/, otherwise /ə/, e.g. jeg /jεj/ (=I) or beta /bεta/ (=to bet), but Sýdlænske /sydlænʃkə/ (=Sydlandic)
  2. If the letter g is the last letter of a word, it is pronounced /j/, otherwise /g/, e.g. dag /daj/ (=day - nominative), but dagýr /dagyɐ̯/ (=day - accusative)
  3. If the letter n is followed by the letter g, it is pronounced /ŋ/, e.g. singa /siŋa/ (=to sing)
  4. If the letter r is preceded by a vowel and/or followed by a consonant, it is pronounced /ɐ̯/ (r-vocalization), otherwise /ʁ/, e.g. mær /mæɐ̯/ (=we), but skréjva /ʃkʁεjva/ (=to write)
  5. If the letter s is followed by the letters k or j, it is pronounced /ʃ/, e.g. skréjva /ʃkʁεjva/ (=to write) or sjáua /ʃjaʊ̯a/ (=to watch)
  6. The digraph áu is pronounced /aʊ̯/, e.g. táur /taʊ̯ɐ̯/ (=dew)
  7. If the letter ð is preceded by a consonant, it is not pronounced, but the consonant is phonetically lengthened, otherwise preceded by a vowel or a vocalic r, it is pronounced, e.g. monð /mon:/ (=mouth), but ðæt /ðæt/ (=it)
  8. The letter é is used if the e-sound does not correspond to the first rule, so if the e-sound is not pronounced /ə/ in the polysyllabic words, e.g. presidént /pʁεsidεnt/ (=president - otherwise if it were written president, it would be pronounced /pʁεsidənt/ following the first rule)
  9. The digraph éj is pronounced /εj/, e.g. ðéjεj/ (=they)

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns in Sydlandic inflect depending on the gender, case, definiteness and number.

Indefinite noun declension Edit
Singular Masculine

éj man (=a man)

Feminine

éj hvin (=a woman)

Neuter

et majð (=a girl)

Nominative éj man éj hvin et majð
Accusative éj manýr éj hvinu et majð
Dative éjným maní éjnar hvinu éjným majðí
Genitive éjnas manas éjnar hvinar éjnas majðas
Plural
Nominative mænír hvinar mæar
Accusative mænar hvinar mæar
Dative mæném hviným mæým
Genitive mæna hvina mæa

The indefinite pronoun éj, éj, et has no plural form, like in English the indefinite pronoun a(n), e.g. éj honð (=a dog), but honðír (=dogs)

Definite noun declension Edit
Singular Masculine

manet (=a man)

Feminine

hvin (=a woman)

Neuter

majð (=a girl)

Nominative manet hvinat majð
Accusative manin hvina majð
Dative maným hvini majðým
Genitive manes hvinur majðes
Plural
Nominative mænar hvinarð mæarð
Accusative mænart hvinart mæart
Dative mænim hvinim mæim
Genitive mænéj hvinéj mæéj
Umlaut Edit

The umlaut-rule applies for nouns in the plural (but not only). Some vowel change in the first syllable into another vowel, but this rule applies just for Germanic words; so words like klavær (=keyboard) coming from the French word "clavier" do not follow this rule.

  1. a changes into æ : man - mænír
  2. o changes into ø : onkel (=uncle) - ønkelír
  3. u changes into ý : urn (=urn) - ýrnar
  4. ó changes into ø : bók (=book) - bøkar
  5. ú changes into ý : hús (=house) - hýsar

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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