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Sylven

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Sŷlven
Type
Alignment nominative-accusitive
Head direction Initial
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations No
Genders None
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 1%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words 91 of 1500
Creator Thorn0906

Sŷlven is the language of the Sŷlvi people, living in the continent Sŷlven (in Sŷlven the name of a language is the same as that of the place from whence it came) of the planet Serâþ, or Kepler-296e to us. It developed in a biosphere for ten thousand years on it's way to Serâth from Earth (Arêþ to the Sŷlvi).

Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m(m) n(n) ŋ(ŋ)
Plosive '(k)
Fricative f(f),v(v) þ(θ), ð(ð) s(s),z(z) j(ʒ), backwards j(ʃ) x(χ)
Affricate
Approximant
Trill
Flap or tap r(ɽ)
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l(l)
Lateral flap

Edit

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i(i) u(u)
Near-close y(ɪ)
Close-mid e(e)
Mid
Open-mid o(ɔ)
Near-open
Open c(ɶ) a(ä)

StressEdit

Main stress in Sŷlven falls on the first circumflex. Any circumflexes after this are lighter stress.

Writing SystemEdit

Sŷlven, being developed from various earthly languages, is written with the Latin alphabet. In the pronunciation tables, the sounds are written like this: symbol(IPA). However, a couple exceptions: Ð is actually written like a backwards Þ, and z is written like a backwards s.

GrammarEdit

Morphology Edit

Nouns

Plurals:

Add i.

Duals:

Add r after the plural I.

Definite:

Nouns are given in indefinite form. For definite, add ar. Plural i would go after the r.

Example:

For the word râin 'frog'

Râina 'a frog'

Râini 'some frogs'

Râinir ‘two frogs’

Râinar 'the frog'

Râinari 'the frogs'

Râinarir ‘the two frogs’

Types

In Sŷlven, the end of the word denotes the part of speech. -A signifies a noun. -I signifies a mass or plural noun, as it says under "plurals." -E signifies a verb. -O signifies an adjective, and -æ signifies an adverb. A word is given ending in a consonant with the part of speech NVA, and these suffixes are then added.

Circumpositions

Sŷlven uses circumpositions - they go on either side of the phrase that they modify. Circumpositions affecting only one word can be attached to the word as a prefix. Ex: E Sêla e > Esêla.

Derivational morphology Edit

Compounds go in head-modifier order - lesân'wasên ‘place-learn’, nôwe'lis ‘to not make’. The apostrophe ', which sounds like a "k", goes in between words in compounds.

Syntax Edit

Syllable structure is V or CV or CVC.

Word order is SOV ("Bob the sandwich ate") for past tense, SVO ("Bob ate the sandwich" like English) for present tense, and VSO ("Ate Bob the sandwich") for future.


Adjectives and adverbs

Adjectives and adverbs go on either side of the word they modify, for example râine azûri or azûri râine, 'a blue frog'. No conjugation is done, adjectives do not have number.


LexiconEdit

The lexicon is on a spreadsheet at https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1-F-HNasSO4YUX-gAmZH4wauJWZLym_1KbCaAWbk4urY/edit?usp=sharing. You might need to log in, but it's set so anyone with the link can view it.

Example textEdit

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