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Sjetru

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Syetru
Syetru
Type
Alignment
nominative-accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
femenine, masculine
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Sjetru is a conlang inspired in japanse and chinese, mainly in its phonology, and based its grammar and some sounds in Spanish.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p t k
Fricative f s x
Approximant ɻ j ɥ w
Lateral app. l

Some consonants followed by semivowels has allophones as following:

  • Non-nasal dental/alveolar consonants before [j] are palatized: [tj, sj, lj] becomes [tɕ, ɕ, ʎ].
  • Non-nasal dental/alveolar consonants before [ɥ] are also labialized: [tɥ, sɥ, lɥ] becomes [tɕʷ, ɕʷ, ʎʷ].
  • Dental/alveolar consonants before [ɻ] becomes retrofelx-clusters: [nɻ, tɻ, sɻ, lɻ] becomes [ɳɻ, ʈɻ, ʂɻ, ɭɻ]
  • Velar consonants before [j] becomes palatals: [ŋj, kj, xj] becomes [ɲ, c, ç].
  • Velar consonants before [ɥ] are also labialized: [ŋɥ, kɥ, xɥ] becomes [ɲʷ, cʷ, çʷ].
  • Velar consonants before [w] becomes labio-velars: [ŋw, kw, xw] becomes [ŋʷ, kʷ, xʷ].

VowelsEdit

Vowels can be short or long. Long vowels are marked with a tilde.

Front Central Back
Close i y u
Mid ə ɚ /e er/
Open a

AlphabetEdit

a ə ɚ i y u m n ŋ p t k f s x w ɻ j ɥ l a: ə: ɚ: i: y: u:
a e er i y u m n ñ p t k f s x w r j ÿ l á é ér í ý ú

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)(W)V

C: any consonant except semivowels /w, r, j, ÿ/

W: semivowel /w, r, j, ÿ/

V: any vowel short or long

The semivowel and the vowel can not have the same articulation: /wu, rer, ji, ÿy/ or their long forms cant appear in the syllable.

GrammarEdit

The grammar is based on spanish, width some simplifications and more agglutinative.

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No Yes No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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