Fandom

Conlang

Türükçä

3,200articles on
this wiki
Add New Page
Talk0 Share

Ad blocker interference detected!


Wikia is a free-to-use site that makes money from advertising. We have a modified experience for viewers using ad blockers

Wikia is not accessible if you’ve made further modifications. Remove the custom ad blocker rule(s) and the page will load as expected.

Türükçä is a Turkic constructed language, based on the grammar and vocabulary of living Turkic languages. Due to the fact that it is based on natural languages, the very essence of it will be very natural. It will be developped until it turns to be a perfected auxilliary language facilitating mutual understanding among almost all Turkic peoples. To achieve this aim, Türükçä will make extensive use of commonalities among living and if needed dead Turkic languages in order to lay groundwork for establishing a common language for all Turkic peoples. Three groups of Turkic languages, Oghuz, Qarluq and Qipchaq are sources to feed the existence of this auxilliary language. The language may take years to develop, but it will be perfected to the utmost. To have an idea about what will make it speacial and what will make it recognized and possibly accepted as an auxilliary language, one must consider three Turkic language groups, Oghuz, Qypchaq and Qarluq together, and all expressive capabilities of the three combined. If process of perfection matures, 150 to 180 million Turkic people have access to a Turkic language that binds them all.


Progress 0%


Name: [[]]

Type:

Alignment:

Head Direction:

Number of genders:

Declensions: No

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Türükçä AlphabetEdit

Letter Name Of The Letter IPA
Aa a a
Bb äbä b
Cc äcä
Çç äçä
Dd ädä d
Ee e e
Ää ä

æ

Ff äfä f
Gg ägä g
Ğğ äğä ɣ
Hh ähä h
Xx axa

x

ı


ɯ

İi i i
Jj äjä ʒ
Kk äkä k
Qq aqa q
Ll älä l
Mm ämä m
Nn änä n
Ññ äñä ŋ
Oo o

o

Öö ö ɶ
Pp äpä p
Rr ärä ɾ
Ss äsä s
Şş äşä ʃ
Tt ätä
Uu u u
Üü ü y
Vv ävä ʋ
Yy äyä ʝ
Zz äzä z



PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labiode. Dental Alveol. Postalve. Retrofl. Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Plosives p b t (t̪) d k g q
Affricates ç (tʃ) c (dʒ)
Fricative f s z ş (ʃ) j (ʒ) y (ʝ) x ğ (ɣ) h
Nasals m n ñ (ŋ)
Flaps / taps r (ɾ)
Approximant ʋ
Lateral appr. l

VowelsEdit

Front Back
Close i ü (y) ı (ɯ) u
Mid e ö (ø) o
Open ä (æ) a

PhonotacticsEdit

Türükçä is an almost phonetic language, that is read as it is written. Each letter corresponds to either a consonant or a vowel and they are pronunced identically to the sound they represent.

Türükçä sounds follow some phonotactical patterns that are never changeable.

The very first rule to remember is that no native word in Türükçä can start with c, f, j, ğ, l, m, ñ, r, z and n which is an exception. Türükçä native word for question word "what" (Nemä) which is the only exception that starts with an "n" is a remnant of pre-Turkic Altaic language.

Secondly, no native word starts with two consonants side by side.

It is also a strict rule that n and b cannot be written side by side within a word except compound words or proper names.

Other than the most initial rules described above, most influential rule for Türükçä is its vowel harmony.

Vowel harmony is one of the most fundamental and important aspects of Türükçä grammar. Türükçä words definitely obey vowel harmony rule, even if root words are of foreign origin. More important than the words obeying this rule, there are ways this rule changes the vowels in the suffixes added to words. A good understanding of this rule is necessary to be able to use suffixes, hence to be able to make correct and meaningful sentences. The 9 vowels in the Türükçä alphabet are separated into two groups called back vowels and front vowels. There are 4 back vowels and 5 front vowels. Back vowels: a, ı, o, u Front vowels: ä, e, i, ö, ü Words of Türükçä origin definitely (always) have all back or all front vowels. This is the generalization that you will use for constructing Türükçä words and sentences. Words that back hard and front vowels together are said to violate the vowel harmony. A word that violates the major vowel harmony probably has been adopted from another language. A Türükçä word is either a back word or a front word depending on its last vowel. öy [house] is a front word since its last and only vowel, ö, is a front vowel. otun [firewood] is a back word since its last vowel, u, is a back vowel. bağçä [garden] which is a Persian loan is a front word since its last vowel, ä, is a front vowel. Türükçä vowel harmony states that: -Any suffix appended to a back word must have back vowels -Any suffix appended to a front word must have front vowels The only plural suffix in Türükçä is -lar and it is modified according to the last vowel of the word to which it is attached. It turns to be a -lär if the last vowel of the word to which it is attached is a front vowel, otherwise it remains its back vowel form. In accordance with the vowel harmony rule, plurals of öy, otun and bağçä becomes öylär (houses), otunlar ( firewoods) and bağçälär (gardens). For further explanations and details showing how to apply this rule, see grammar section.

Grammar of Türükçä


SOUND CHANGE PRODUCED IN THE STEM BY SUFFIXATION:

There are a number of contexts where the addition of a suffix causes a change in the quality of the last consonant or vowel of a stem. Certain of these changes are confined to specific lexical items, whereas others occur as part of a general phonological process in the language. Those which occur only in certain words are: -A voiceless consonant alternating with its voiced counterpart, e.g. kitap ‘book’ but kitabım ‘my book’ -A single consonant alternating with its doubled counterpart, e.g. sır ‘secret’ but sırrım ‘my secret’ -A high vowel alternating with zero (i.e. absence of that vowel), e.g. burun ‘nose’ but burnum ‘my nose’ -A short vowel alternating with a long vowel, e.g. zaman ‘time’ but zamanım [zama:nım] ‘my time’

The changes which are part of a general phonological process are: -Final ‘k’ and ‘q’ alternating with ‘ğ’ in nominals, e.g. qonaq ‘guest’ but qonağım ‘my guest’ or biläk "wrist, ankle" but biläğim ‘my wrist, my ankle’.

ALTERNATIONS OF VOICELESS/VOICED CONSONANTS: ‘p’/‘b’, ‘t’/‘d’, ‘k’/‘g’, ‘k’/‘ğ’, ‘ç’/‘c’ In some stems ending in one of the voiceless consonants ‘p’, ‘t’, ‘k’ and ‘ç’, this final consonant changes to its voiced counterpart before a suffix beginning with a vowel. ‘p’ is replaced by ‘b’ ‘t’ is replaced by ‘d’ ‘ç’ is replaced by ‘c’ ‘k’ is replaced by ‘ğ’

Some of these alternations take place in words borrowed from Arabic or Persian, where the word originally ends in a voiced consonant (‘b’, ‘d’, ‘g’ or ‘c’, as in kitab ‘book’). As Türükçä does not have any of these consonants in final position the final segment is devoiced in the bare form (hence kitap) or in syllable-final position (i.e. when followed by a suffix beginning with a consonant, e.g. kitapdan ‘from the book’). The original voiced consonant is retained when it is followed by a suffix beginning with a vowel (e.g.kitabım ‘my book’). Alternations in voiceless/voiced consonants also occur in many words of Türükçä origin. Note that only some of the words which in their bare form end in a voiceless consonant are subject to change.

final ‘p’ → ‘b’ dolap ‘cupboard’ dolaba ‘to the cupboard’ cäp ‘pocket’ cäbim ‘my pocket’ final ‘t’ → ‘d’ kilit ‘lock’ kilidim ‘my lock’ qanat ‘wing’ qanadı ‘its wing’

‘k and q’ alternate with ‘ğ’ yataq ‘bed’ yatağım ‘my bed’ terlik ‘slipper’ terliğim ‘my slipper’ keläcäk ‘future’ keläcäğim ‘my future’

Nouns of this form which have been borrowed in recent times from European languages do not normally undergo ‘k’/‘g’ alternation: tanq ‘tank’ tanqı ‘his/her/its tank’ banq ‘bank’ banqı ‘his/her/its bank’

There are certain categories to which alternations of voiceless/voiced consonants do not generally apply: Most monovocalic nominal roots are not subject to these changes: saç ‘hair’ saçım ‘my hair’ yük ‘load’ yükim ‘my load’ top ‘ball’ topım ‘my ball’ at ‘horse’ atım ‘my horse’

The vast majority of verbal roots are not subject to these changes. A verbal root such as qap- ‘snatch’ retains its final consonant in suffixation, hence qapıñ ‘snatch!’, although the identical-sounding nominal root qap ‘container’ reverts to its original voiced consonant when a suffix beginning with a vowel is added: qabıñ ‘your container’. Similarly the verb aq-‘flow’ retains its final consonant under suffixation (e.g. aquvçı ‘flowing’) but the adjective aq ‘white’ may not (cf. ağar- ‘become white’, but aqı ‘its white (part)’)

ALTERNATIONS OF SINGLE CONSONANTS WITH DOUBLE CONSONANTS

In a small number of nouns ending in ‘b’, ‘t’, ‘d’, ‘q’, ‘l’, ‘s’, ‘z’, ‘m’ and ‘n’ the final consonant is duplicated when a vowel is attached to it. These are words borrowed from Arabic, which, in their original roots, have geminates, i.e. doubled consonants. In Türükçä such words appear with a single consonant in their bare form or when followed by a suffix beginning with a consonant. xaq ‘right’ xaqlar ‘rights’ xaqqıñ ‘your right’ his ‘emotion’ hisdän ‘of the emotion’ hissiy ‘emotional’ sır ‘secret’ sırlar ‘secrets’ sırrımız ‘our secret’ xat ‘line’ xatlar ‘lines’ demiryolu xattı ‘railway line’ zıt ‘opposite’ zıtsa ‘if [it’s] the opposite’ zıddı ‘the opposite of it’ Some of these words keep their original double consonants when they combine with the auxiliaries et- ‘do’ : hiss et- ‘feel’, xaqq et- ‘deserve’ It should be noted that since bare stems do not give any indication that they end in geminates, such words have to be learned individually. TO BE CONTINUED...



TÜRÜKÇÄ SÖZLÜKEdit

Aq : White Aqmaq : To flow Aquvçı : Flowing, Fluid At : Horse Azärbaycança : Azerbaijani Language

Banq : Bank Başqurtça : Bashkir Language Biläk : Wrist, Ankle Bolmaq : To be, To become

Cäp (-b-) : Pocket

Çıvaşça : Chuvash Language

Dolap (-b-) : Cupboard, Wardrobe

Etmäk : To do, to make

His (-ss-) : Emotion, Feeling Hiss etmäk : To feel Hissiy : Emotional

Xaq (-qq-) : Right Xaqq etmäk : To deserve Xat (-tt-) : Line

Keläcäk (-ğ-) : Future Kilit (-d-) : Lock Kitap (-b-) : Book

Qap : Container Qapmaq : To snatch Qazaqça : Kazakh Language Qırğızça : Kyrgyz Language

Özbekçä : Uzbek Language

Saç : Hair Saqaça : Yakut Language Sır (-rr-) : Secret

Tanq : Tank Tatarça : Tatar Language Terlik (-ğ-) : Slipper Top : Ball Töbät : Tibet Töşäk (-ğ-) : Bed Türk : Turkish Türkçä : Turkish Language, Turkish Türük : Turkic Türükçä : Turkic Language, Turkic

Uyğurça : Uyghur Language

Yataq (-ğ-) : Bed Yük : Load, Burden

Zaman : Time Zıt (-dd-) : Opposite



No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


Example textEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki

Also on Fandom

Random Wiki