Wikia

Conlang

Tahnish

3,214articles on
this wiki
Talk0


Tahnish
Ϯϧnɪȿ
Type
Fusional/Agglutinative
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Tahnish is a language spoken by the Tahn and Iman races in the world of Erasun. It also forms the vast majority of the conglomorate common tongue.

PhoneticsEdit

ConsonantsEdit

IPA

Tahnish Letter

/p b/

ϭ

/t d/

ϯ

/f v/

ſ

/g k/

g

/tʃ dj/

ƈ

/ʃ/

ȿ

/ʒ/

ɀ

/l/

l

/m/

m

/n/

n

/ɲ ŋ/

η

/s/

s

/z/

z

/w/

ƿ

/j/

ƴ

/x/

ϫ

/ɹ ʁ/

ɼ














VowelsEdit

IPA

Tahnish Letter

/a/

ϧ

/ɛ/

ε

/e/

æ

/ɪ/

ɪ

/i/

i

/ɔ/

o

/o/

ǫ

/u/

υ








DipthongsEdit

-          Dipthongs are determined by rules of vowel harmonization. A strong vowel (ǫ i æ) can be followed by a strong or mid vowel (ϧ υ).  A mid vowel can be followed by a weak vowel (o ɪ ε).

Notes on PronunciationEdit

Voiced/Voicelss pairs of consonants that share symbols are voiceless unless between two vowels. However, they are not phonemic and their pronunciation tends to vary with various dialects.

η is pronounced /ŋ/ initially and finally in a word and /ɲ/ medially.

ɼ is pronounced /ɹ/ or /ʁ/ based on the formality of the situation with /ʁ/ being more formal.

ε is rhotacized unless using a formal ɼ.

Stress falls on the second to last syllable of a word. In a two syllable word therfore, it is the first syllable.

AlphabetEdit

Characters

Names (eng)

Names (ϯϧn)

I, i

If

Iſ

I, ɪ

Iva

Iſϧ

Ϭ, ϭ

Bi

Ϭi

G, g

Ki

Gi

Ϯ, ϯ

Ti

Ϯi

Æ, æ

Aeva

Æſϧ

F, ſ

Fi

Fi

E, ε

Ef

Eſ

L, l

Li

Li

M, m

Maeva

ſϧ

N, n

Naeva

ſϧ

H, η

Ngaeva

ſϧ

Ϧ, ϧ

Ava

Ϧſϧ

Ʀ, ɼ

Ro

Ʀǫ

S, s

Si

Si

S, ȿ

Sidesh

Sɪϯεȿ

C, ƈ

Esheva

Eȿεſϧ

O, o

Of

Oſ

O, ǫ

Ova

Oſϧ

Ƿ, ƿ

Win

Ƿɪn

Ϫ, ϫ

Chiva

Ϫiſϧ

Υ, υ

Uva

Yſϧ

J, ƴ

Yaeva

Jæſϧ

Z, z

Zi

Zi

Z, ɀ

Zidesh

Zɪϯεȿ

PhonotacticsEdit

SyllabationEdit

Minimal syllable: V(V)

Maximum syllable: CCV(V)CC 

Typical syllable: CV(V)

(V) indicates a dipthong

GrammarEdit

PronounsEdit

Decline by case, person, number, and gender

Personal


Pronouns

1st

2nd

3rd

M

F

Singular

Nominative

ɪϫ

ϯiυ

sæǫ

Accusative

mi

ϯi

si

si

Genitive

ϯæ

ȿæ

ȿæǫ

Dative

mi

ϯi

si

si

Plural

Nominative

ƿɪϫ

ϯυεg

sϧεg

Accusative

ƿɪϫ

ϯυεg

sϧεg

Genitive

ƿæ

ϯæg

ȿϧεg

Dative

υs

ϯυεg

sϧεg



Demonstrative


Pronouns

3rd

M

F

Singular

Nominative

sεϯ

sϧεϯ

Accusative

sεϯ

sϧεϯ

Genitive

ȿεϯ

ȿϧεϯ

Dative

sεϯ

sϧεϯ

Plural

Nominative

sεϯεg

Accusative

sεϯεg

Genitive

ȿεϯεg

Dative

sεϯεg


NounsEdit

Decline by case and number

Nouns have gender, but this is not denoted in the word itself

3 types of nouns: C-Nouns end in a consonant other than s, V-Nouns end in vowels, S-Nouns end in s

Nouns

C-Nouns


ϯϧϭ – m  – tobacco

V-Nouns


ϭεɼǫ – m - dog

S-Nouns


l'ϧs – f – girl

Singular

Nominative

ϯϧϭ

ϭεɼǫ

s

Accusative

ϯϧϭ ϧ

ϭεɼǫ n

ȿ

Genitive

ϯϧϭ εs

ϭεɼǫ nes

ȿ es

Dative

ϯϧϭ ϧ

ϭεɼǫ

ɀ ϧ

Plural

Nominative

ϯϧϭ εg

ϭεɼǫ g

ȿ g

Accusative

ϯϧϭ εg

ϭεɼǫ g

ȿ g

Genitive

ϯϧϭ εsϧ

ϭεɼǫ gεs

ȿ gεs

Dative

ϯϧϭ εg

ϭεɼǫ nϧg

ɀ εg

VerbsEdit

Verbs decline according to Mood, person, and number

Tense and the conditional mood are indicated by particles.

  • Past: ɪϯæ
  • Present: --
  • Future: sɪϯæ
  • Conditional: ƴυl

Ϭɼεgɪɼ


to break


Indicative


Imperative


Inceptive


Iterative


Habitual


Continuous

Singular

1st

ϭɼεg

ϯɪ ϭɼεg

εs ϭɼεg



ϭɼεg ɪɼϧ



ϧ ϭɼεg ɪɼϧ



εnϧ ϭɼεg ɪɼϧ

2nd

ϭɼεg ϧ

ϯɪ ϭɼεg ϧ

εs ϭɼεg ϧ

3rd

ϭɼεg

--

εs ϭɼεg

Plural

1st

ϭɼεg εg

ϯɪ ϭɼεg εg

εs ϭɼεg εg



ϭɼεg ɪɼεg



ϧ ϭɼεg ɪɼεg



εnϧ ϭɼεg ɪɼεg

2nd

ϭɼεg æ

ϯɪ ϭɼεg æ

εs ϭɼεg æ

3rd

ϭɼεg

--

εs ϭɼεg


Notes: In front of another vowel the imperative prefix becomes ϯi. In front of a strong or mid vowel, the habitual and continuous prefixes become æ  and  εnæ respectively

Ex:

They were breaking it.             Sϧεg si ɪϯæ εnϧϭɼεgɪɼεg.

They break it (every day).           Sϧεg si ϧϭɼεgɪɼεg.

We will start breaking it.          Ƿɪϫ si sɪϯæ εsϭɼεgεg.

Let’s break it!                          Si ϯɪϭɼεgεg!

(If) I broke it (x times)             …Iϫ sɪ ƴυl ɪϯæ ϭɼεg…

Around Wikia's network

Random Wiki