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Talger

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OverviewEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No Yes No No No No No
Participles No No No Yes No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


Name: Talger

Type: Agglutinative

Alignment: Pronouns are NomAcc

Head Direction: Initial

Number of genders: None

Declensions: Yes

Conjugations: Yes

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

PhoneticsEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Stop p b t d k g
Fricative β f v s z ʃ Ʒ ç ʝ
Affricate ʦ ʧ
Approximant ɹ j
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral App. l
Lateral Fric.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i u
Near-close ɪ
Mid e ə o
Near-open æ
Open a

DipthongsEdit

oɪ

Writing SystemEdit

AlphabetEdit

Letter Sound
Y y /ɪ/
A a /a/
Ai ai /ai/
Ae ae /æ/
B b /b/
C c /ʦ/
Ć ć /ʧ/
D d /d/
E e /e/
F f /f/
W w /β/
G g /g/
Ź ź /Ʒ/
X x /ç/
I i /i/
J j /j/
Jj jj /ʝ/
K k /k/
L l /l/
M m /m/
N n /n/
Ñ ñ /ɲ/
Ń ń /ŋ/
O o /o/
Oi oi /oi/
P p /p/
R r /r/
Ŕ ŕ /ɹ/
S s /s/
Ś ś /ʃ/
T t /t/
U u /u/
V v /v/

` (single backquote)

/ə/
Z z /z/

StressEdit

Stress goes on the second to last syllable unless otherwise specified with an acute accent on a vowel.  Acute accents on consonants only change their sound.


Pronouns / Inter-nominesEdit

Personal PronounsEdit

Person Number
E First Singular
Em First Dual
En First Plural
Ve Second Singular
Ven Second Plural
Se Third Singular
Sen Third Plural

Object PronounsEdit

Object pronouns are placed after the conjugated verb.  This only applies to pronouns.  Indirect objects can only be expressed in prepositional phrases.

Pronoun English Equiv. Talger Personal Equiv.
Ex Me E
Mex You and Me Em
Nex Us En
Vec You (obj) Ve
Sec Them (S/P) Se / Sen


InterrogativesEdit

Interrogatory sentences, i.e. "When did you go shopping yesterday?" begin with an inquiry word and end with a question mark.  The subject is placed before the verb as usual.

True/False questions, i.e. "Did you go shopping yesterday?" are formed by placing the subject after the verb and adding a question mark '?'

Confirmation questions, i.e. "You went shopping yesterday?" are formed as declarative statements are, with a subject at the beginning of the sentence.  These types are preceeded by inverted question mark '¿' and followed by a standard question mark '?'

Inquiry Words:Edit

Talger     English
Kaelai What (From a Set)
Kai What (Open-Ended)
Kero How
Kente Who
Kanto When
Kondo Where
Korto Why
Kyntai Whose

Adjectives / Meta-nominesEdit

ArticlesEdit

Definite ---- Lai

Indefinite -- Ai


Posessives for personal pronounsEdit

Adjectival Nominal
First Person Mai Maińe
First Person Plural Nai Naińe
Second Person S/P Vai Vaińe
Third person S/P Sai Saińe

Verbs / VerbesEdit

ConjugationEdit

Conjugate According To:

  • Tense:  Past, Present, Future, Conditional
  • Mood:  Indicative, Imperitive, Subjunctive

Conjugation TableEdit

Drop -eŕ and add endings below (Stress then goes the the penultimate syllable, unless otherwise specified):

Past Present Future conditional
Indicative a e a ú
Imperitive `z

AspectsEdit

The aspects in Talger are as follows:

  • Simple
  • Progressive     Siteŕ  +  [Present Participle]
  • Perfect            Kiseŕ  +  [Past Participle]

NegationEdit

'Ne' is used to negate nearly any part of speech.  Negations preceed aspect particles.

SubjunctivesEdit

The subjunctive clauses are formed as follows

[Main Clause] + Ki + [Infinitive]

Adverbs / Meta-verbesEdit

Adverbs in Talger end in -o.  Always.  Do not pass go, do not collect $200.  

FormationEdit

Unless completely impossible, adverbs are formed by dropping -ai and adding -o to their respective adjective.  Adverbs are placed before the verb, unless it's weird to do so.

Other adverbs are simply used to modify adjectives or other adverbs.  These end in -oi but are formed the same way

Prepositions / Meta-poziconesEdit

Very simple.  They end in -eź.  They work exactly how you might expect.

Numbers / NúmeresEdit

When numbers function as nouns, they end in -e.  When adjectives, they end in -ai.

Number English
One 1
Dakse 2
Tre 3
Kre 4
Ske 5
Sese 6
Sete 7
Vite 8
Nefe 9
Dise 10
Onete 11

Dote

12
Tŕete 13
[number]-tene 1[number]
[number]-dinte [number]0
Sente 100
[number]-Sente [number]00
Mile 1,000
[number]-mile [number]000
Milone 1,000,000


Nouns / NóminesEdit

Nouns end in -e and are pluralized by adding -n.


Nouns can have the following affixes added which RETAIN THE DASH

Affix Meaning
Meta- Regarding, Modifying, Indicating
Inter- Between, In place of
Peza- Piece of
Mesa- Very
Ne- Negated
Infa- Less of
Loka- Place where ____ congregates

VocabularyEdit


No. English indome
1IE
2you (singular)Ve
3heSe
4weNe
5you (plural)Ven
6theySen
7thisDize
8thatDase
9hereAko
10thereMesako
11whoKente
12whatKai
13whereKondo
14whenKanto
15howContionary_Wiki
16notNe
17allTose
18manyMese
19someAlese
20fewMinese
21otherOrai
22oneOne
23twoDokse
24threeTre
25fourKatre
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigKrantai
28longLargai
29wideDepai
30thickGertai
31heavyMazai
32smallNekrantai
33shortNelargai
34narrowNedepai
35thinNegertai
36womanJome
37man (adult male)Jome
38man (human being)Jome
39childInfajome
40wifeSpoze
41husbandSpoze
42motherPatre
43fatherPatre
44animalNeJome
45fishPeze
46birdBarde
47dogśire
48lousePije
49snakeSeŕpente
50wormVerme
51treeArbore
52forestArboretome
53stickPezavude
54fruitFrute
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki

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