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Taung Wai

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Taung Wai
'
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Final
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
0
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Fricative f s ʃ ʒ h
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Approximant j w
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Back
Close i
Open-mid ɛ ʌ

DipthongsEdit

Dipthongs are placed in the same vowel category as monopthongs.

ɔɪ

RomanizationEdit

IPA Romanization
m m
ŋ ng
p p
b b
t t
d d
k k
g g
ʔ -
f f
s s
ʃ sh
ʒ zh
h h
ch
dj
j y
w w
ɾ r
l l
i ee
ɛ er
ʌ uh
ai
au
ei
ɔɪ oi

The tones are marked by a number at the end of every syllable.

PhonotacticsEdit

Taung Wai syllable structure is CV(n), with n being l, m, ʔ, or ŋ. If there is no consonant, it is replaced with a glottal stop. Words are typically one syllable long, with the exception of compound words. A glottal stop can be inserted in between an initial consonant and a vowel, which signifies a reversal of meaning or otherwise altering the original concept.

TonesEdit

There are six tones in Taung Wai, with three distinct contour categories, which are: flat, falling, and dipping. The first tone is the highest flat tone, while the second tone is the near highest flat tone. Keep in mind the second tone is only slightly below the first, not in the middle range. The third tone is the lowest flat tone, at the lowest range, about the same pitch as the lowest dipping tone. The fourth tone is the highest dipping tone, with the pitch being at the middle range, and the fith tone is the lowest dipping tone. The sixth and final tone is a falling tone that starts at the high range and is similar to the falling tone in Mandarin.

Tone Contours
Tone 1 highest flat
Tone 2 high flat
Tone 3 lowest flat
Tone 4 higher dipping
Tone 5 lower dipping
Tone 6 falling

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No Yes No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No Yes No Yes Yes No

The canonical word order in Taung Wai is Subject Object Verb.

ParticlesEdit

Particles serve a variety of functions, detailed below.

Tense ParticlesEdit

Romanization Meaning Position
guhng4 presently beginning of phrase
djoi5 in the near past beginning of phrase
haum1 in the near future beginning of phrase
hau6 far in the past beginning of phrase
wai2 far in the future beginning of phrase
gai1 about to happen beginning of phrase

Voice ParticlesEdit

Romanization Meaning Position
-ei3 passive before verb
meeng1 active before verb

Mood ParticlesEdit

Romanization Meaning Position
-aul5 hypothetical end of phrase
kei2 weak indicative end of phrase
muh1 strong indicative end of phrase
-aum3 unfulfilled necessity end of phrase
-aim2 unfulfilled action end of phrase
lee6 very likely end of phrase
suh4 interrogative end of phrase
yeem2 imperative end of phrase

Syntax ParticlesEdit

Romanization Meaning Position
ngau3 links two nouns in descriptive or possesive relationships, with the first noun being the descriptor or possessor in between two nouns
tuhng3 links two nouns in a continuous list, or indicates accompaniment in between two nouns
zhoil4 marks a quotation before a quotation

The Glottal StopEdit

A glottal stop can be inserted inbetween the initial consonant and the vowel to change the meaning of the word to its negative form. It is synonymous with the English "not". It is considered a particle in Taung Wai. It cannot be applied to particles.

ConjunctionsEdit

Conjunctions serve to link two clauses together, and are often disyllabic words.

Romanization Meaning
soi3 ngaim2 and
dei2 moi3 but
soi3 yee5 cause and effect

NounsEdit

The nouns in Taung Wai have two forms, the nominative and accusative, which allows for flexible word order. The inflection of the noun is usually to such a degree that the two forms do not resemble each other at all. Nouns can be used to describe other nouns using the particle ngau3.

PronounsEdit

The pronouns do not have a nominative or accusative form, but the case can be inferred by context. There are three persons possible, three genders, and various numbers. The persons and genders are inflected while the number is indicated by a pronoun-exclusive prefix.

Number PrefixesEdit
Romanization Meaning
yau2 dual
shee1 triple
ker4 many
k-er4 few
hau2 twenty
Common PronounsEdit
Romanization Meaning Gender Person
ngoi3 referring to oneself n/a first
ngei5 referring to the addressee n/a second
lee1 referring to a general entity n/a third
hei3 referring to a male entity male third
kei3 referring to a female entity female third
lei3 referring to a nonhuman entity nonhuman third

DeterminersEdit

DemonstrativesEdit

The demonstrative always precedes a noun or noun phrase.

Common DemonstrativesEdit
Romanization Meaning
goi2 this (near me)
djuhng3 that (near addressee)
gau4 there (away from both)
gau6 there (far away from both)
djer5 there (out of sight)

Cardinal NumbersEdit

The number system in Taung Wai is based on a single set of numbers, capable of standing alone or being attached before a noun to modify it. 

Romanization Meaning
yai1 one
yee2 two
shaum2 three
sei4 four
nguh5 five
lau6 six
djuhm3 seven
bau2 eight
kau4 nine
shuh1 ten
teing2 twenty
her4 hundred
maung3 thousand
zhai6 ten thousand
chee1 hundred thousand
cherng5 million

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives are a specialized class of words that are always placed behind the modified word. There are three morphological classes of adjectives that are present in Taung Wai.

VerbsEdit

PrepositionsEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
106fearContionary_Wiki
107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
139countContionary_Wiki
140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
146swellContionary_Wiki
147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
149starContionary_Wiki
150waterContionary_Wiki
151rainContionary_Wiki
152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
155saltContionary_Wiki
156stoneContionary_Wiki
157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
201atContionary_Wiki
202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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