Tegír múdın
Trader's tongue (EN)

תאחיר מודן (WT) теги́р му́дын (NT)

Type agglutenative
Alignment nom acc
Word Order SOV
Head direction final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Topic-Prominence No
Animal, Plant, Valuable, Material, Tool, Location, and Abstract.
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect

Tegír múdın, or traders tongue, is a language spoken in an alternate history of earth. The language is isolate, and is spoken by a group of traders that mostly trade around the silk road. The language has multiple dialects, mostly bound to a part of the route. The biggest difference between the dialects is the pronounciation of the language, and the script that is used. However, a standard form, with a script made by the traders themselves, is in use as an auxiliary dialect so the traders remain able to communicate with groups of other parts of the route.

Classification and DialectsEdit



Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n [ɲ]2
Plosive p b t d k [q]1 [ɢ]1 ʔ
Fricative ɸ θ ç x [χ]1 ɦ
Sibilant s ʃ ʒ
Affricate ts tʃ dʒ
Approximant w j
Trill [ʀ]1
tap ɾ
Lateral l [ʎ]2

1 allophones of /k/, /ʒ/, /x/, /ɦ/, /ɾ/ and /l/ after or before central vowels;

k > q,
ʒ > ɢ,
x ɦ > χ,
ɾ l > ʀ

2 allophone of /n/ and /l/ after or before a high vowel or before /j/.


Front Central Back
unrounded unrounded rounded unrounded rounded
High i ɯ u
High-mid [e]3 ɘ ɵ [o]3
Near-low ɛ ɔ
Low ɑ

3 Allophones of /ɛ/ and /ɔ/ in stressed syllables.

Vowel harmonyEdit

Front vowels Central vowels Back vowels
Strong vowels i ɘ ɵ ɯ u
Weak vowels ɛ ɑ ɔ

A word with front vowel harmony can only have the strong front vowel and the front weak vowel. A word with central vowel haromny can only have strong central vowels and all weak vowels. A word with back vowel harmony can only have strong back vowels and weak back vowels.


Writing SystemEdit

Letter Alt2 IPA Name
Aa Áá ɑ Age
Əə Ə́ə́ Èè Ëë ɘ Ə'əm
Bb b Bot
Dd d Dej
Ee Éé ɛ [e] Éj
Ff ɸ Fet
Gg ɦ [χ] Gan
Γγ Yy ç Γila
Hh x [χ] Haw
1 Vv ɯ Igıl
İi Íí i Potıgıl
Jj j Jəj
Kk k Karra
Ll l [ʎ] Lalil
Mm m Mam
Nn n [ɲ] Nen
Oo Óó ɔ [o] Ojol
Ɵɵ Ɵ́ɵ́ Òò Öö ɵ Ɵjəq
Pp p Pep
Qq [q] Qər
Rr ɾ [ʀ] Rɵq
Ss s Sa
Šš Xx ʃ Potsa
Tt t Tat
Θθ 93 θ Θeta
Uu u Urul
Ww w Wunun
Cc [ɢ] Cən
Žž Zz ʒ Podzən
7' ʔ Ja'ın

1 on the letter Igıl stressed syllables are not written in the romanisation.

2 is used when for example texting without support for non-latin characters.




There are multiple classes in Tegír múdın, these classes don't have a set of endings that they have, but there is a list with endings that commonly occur in that class. A compounding root can replace these endings.

The classes influence the way that numbers and defeniteness is marked.

class common endings
Animal ba, sán, qən, baj, faj, fə
Plant den, θın, njə, djə, dé, ər, ən
Valuable li, ni, non, qɵm, om, úm, um
Material á, šı, ši, gu, is, ar, li, ja
Tool əs, es, be, bé, ber, bəs, bes, bis, jə
Location níl, gé, džé, tšə, tšı, lı
Abstract (no ending), ír, ɵs, ɵm, əl


The cases in tegír múdın are applied in the form of a suffix, these suffixes have a common consonant or form per case, but these are not regular over all vocabulary. Words from the same class with the same ending often do decline in the same way.

Case Usage example Common ending
Nominative subject I sell a cow to the farmer (only stem)
Vocative hey, you ! (only stem), (vowel repetition) or g
benefactive for the king i trade. m
Genitive ownership, certain prepositions My house n
Dative indirect object, certain prepositions I sell a cow to the farmer s or š
Accusative direct object I sell a cow to the farmer (only stem) or r

here are a couple of declined examples.

Case múd (trader) tegír (tongue, language)
Nominative múd tegír
Vocative múdu tegír
Benefactive múdım tegírim
Genitive múdın tegírin
Dative múdıš tegír
Accusative múdır tegír


The number suffix comes after the case suffix, the number prefix goes before the root.

Animal Plant Valuable Material Tool Location Abstract
dual -(A)d -(A)dAn -(A)d
trial -(A)tsAl ts(A)- ts(A)-
quadral -(A)gA g(A)- g(A)-
pental -(A)w b(A)- b(A)-
paucal -(I)š (formal : -(A)CIš)
underpaucal g(A)--(I)š
plural -(I)n jIn(A)- -(I)n
overplural jIr(A)--(I)n

I are high vowels that often agree to roundness of the nearest vowel. A are low vowels that often agree to roundness of the nearest vowel.

C is repetition of the preceeding consonant.

the vowels in parenthesis only appear if the suffix touches a consonant in that place. If the suffix touches a vowel it is able to change the hightness of the vowel. In some forms this is dropped in informal speech.

The plural form is not needed to indicate plurals, it however is used to contrast with singular forms.

Here are a couple of examples of words in specific numbers.

number bəgəba (sheep) bəgəbam (sheep.BE)
singular bəgəba bəgəbam
dual bəgəbad bəgəbamad
trial bəgəbatsal [bəhəbtsal] bəgəbamatsal [bəhəbamtsal]
quadral bəgəbaga bəgəbamaga
pental bəgəbaw bəgəbamaw
paucal bəgəbəš (formal : bəhəbabəš) bəgəbaməš
underpaucal gabəgəbəš (formal : gabəhəbabəš) gabəgəbaməš
plural bəgəbən [bəgəba] bəgəbamən [bəgəbam]
overplural jərabəgəbən jərabəgəbamən

informal uses have been shown in square brackets.


Adjectives have a stem ending on a vowel, which can, but does not have to, be stressed.The adjective agrees to the noun in case.

here is the list with case endings and an example adjective.

Case suffix example (tsıjó freedom)
Nominative - tsıjó
Vocative - tsıjó
Benefactive -m tsıjóm
Genitive -n tsıjón
Dative -s / -š1 tsıjós
Accusative -r2 tsıjó(r)

1 if the preceeding vowel is high -š occurs, if the preceeding vowel is low -s occurs.

2 If the noun the adjective modifies has an accusative ending on a stem, the adjective itself also ends on the stem case wise (so no -r suffix)



There are multiple forms to indicate a person on a verb, a verb normally is indicated in dictionaries and vocabulary lists in the undefined person form. The suffix agrees to harmony as shown.

person front harmony central harmony back harmony
undefined person -e -o
first person (sg or pl.exclusive) -eje -aja
first person (sg or pl.inclusive) -eger -ogor
second person -eben -eban -oban
third person medial -esen -oson
third person distal -eθen -oθen -oθan

The third person medial is for people that can be seen or whose whereabouts are known. The distal form is generally used for people who are unknown to the speaker/listener and cannot be seen.


There are multiple tenses, they are indicated in a suffix following the person suffix, only one tense suffix can occur at a time.

tense front harmony central / back harmony
present <none> <none>
past -den -dan
far past -deren -doran
uncertain past / historical -deget -dorogot
future -jeget -sogot
far future -jeremen -sogomon



Maths and other sciences.Edit


A split base 12 is used in by the speakers of Tegír múdın, 

number decimal equivalent Tegír múdın
1 1 jén
2 2 dem
3 3 tsal
4 4 ger
5 5 baw
'0 6 jo
'1 7 jojén
'2 8 jodén
'3 9 jotsál
'4 10 jogér
'5 11 jobáw
10 12 baran
11 13 baranjén
12 14 barandem
13 15 barantsal
20 24 dembaran
30 36 tsalbaran
40 48 gerbaran
50 60 bawbaran
60 72 jobaran
70 84 γabaran
80 96 gedbaran
90 108 gorbaran
X0 120 badbaran
E0 132 enbaran
100 144 tsadal
200 288 demtsadal
300 432 tsaltsadal
1000 1728 gejen
2000 3456 demgejen

Dictionary excluding part of the above shown lexiconEdit

An online dictionary is found here

Example textEdit

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