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Teranian

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Name: [[]]

Type:

Alignment:

Head Direction:

Number of genders:

Declensions: No

Conjugations: No

Nouns declined
according to
Case Number
Definitiveness Gender
Verbs conjugated
according to
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


Sateysmc (Setting)Edit

Teranian (Teranian: Tapnimisnim) is the current language spoken in the northwestern residual kingdoms of Tera (Tapnimisnim Resmcthumi) as well as the Republic of Tapni of Yupit.
Map

Map of Yupit

After Anc Pateru, Tapnimisnim is the second most widely spoken language in Yupit due to the vast trading networks that the Teranian (Tapnimisnim) have created through the years. Ayese (Elihi) is spoken in the southwestern region of Yupit.

Modern Teranian or Manis Teranian (Teranian: Mnism Tapnimisnim) or Teranian Official or simply Teranian, is one of the three dialects that arose from Ancient Teranian (Teranian: Uyth Tapnimisnim). The other two dialects that developed from this ancient language are Simo Teranian (Smoute Tapnimisnim or simply Simo) and Teranian Zero (Mu Amth Tapnimisnim or simply Zero). Teranian Official became the leading dialect after the 300 year long War of the Dragons due to having the only two cities that were not overrun by the Azuli dragon riders. The Simo dialect, being the prominent dialect spoken prior to the war, had begun to decline and produced another dialect offspring after its people started to migrate to other parts of Yupit. This dialect would later become known as Zero. Although still mutually understandable, it is becoming increasingly difficult for a Teranian Official speaker to communicate with the Simo and Zero varieties.

Ancient Teranian is something that is not to be forgotten, however, as it is the original language from which all these dialects emerged from. It is still fervently studied by the upper-class nobles and scribes as it is still a dialect of Teranian intelligible by all.

This wiki-page will attempt to cover Modern Teranian (Tapnimisnim).

PhonologyEdit

Teranian typically has many consonant clusters, which are usually omitted during common speech.

PhonotacticsEdit

Anisc Crinimynip (Basic Grammar)Edit

Teranian has an SVO sentence structure and has a Nominative-Accusative case system. It has minimal inflection and lacks grammatical gender and adjectival agreement. There are no case markers used in the language and words do not inflect except for personal pronouns. Except for variances in the pronunciation, Teranian verbs inflect the same way for all dialects.

Sesmbya Samtamcai (Simple Sentences)Edit

Teranian has similar sentence structures to English. Except for pronouns, word position dictates what the function of the word is in a sentence. Here are a few examples of simple sentences in Tapnisnim and English with the subject italicized and the object bolded.

Es unimt tenit pnithesu. I want that radio.
Uyara sis te bapsum ueu es your? Where is the person who I am looking for?
Te tnimri nipa tou strumc fur uns! The tanks are too strong for us!
Te stanthamti tesmrar uf te tast te maet thnial. The students thought of the test on the following day.


Cumbunth Samtamcai (Compound Sentences)Edit

Compound sentences are formed when two or more sentences are connected with the words and (nimth), or (up), however (euwarsar), but (ant), etc. Here are examples of compound sentences with the conjuction bolded. Common conjunctions are displayed in the following table.

Es anit nimth syaib arsapal thnial nimth mescet. I eat and sleep every day and night.
Es saim te seou aifura ant es marsar amtharstnimthar est. I've seen the show before but I never understood it
Es wesyo thu tenit euwarsar es aebact ni paunipth. I'll do it however I expect a reward.


NIMTH and EUWARSAR however
UP or VALAT (also: VLAT) yet
ANT but SU so
MUR nor FUR for


Cumbyae Samtamcai (Complex Sentences)Edit

Complex sentences are formed when a clause is joined by a subordinate clause, which is usually introduced via a subordinate word such as after ( niftar), because (aicniansa), for (fur), despite (thasbesta) or due to (thanatu).

Here are examples of complex sentences with the subordinate clause bolded and the subordinate word italicized. Common subordinate words are displayed in the following table.

Niftar cumarsmc euma, te aubal syaibar. After coming home, the boy slept.
Ya wesyo thu yar eumawupr wam estes thnipr. He'll do his homework when it gets dark.
Aecabt fur mal mumal, es nim wupte mutesmc. Except for my money, I'm worth nothing.


AECABT FUR except for AIFURA before
AICNIANSA because THANATU due to
WAM when SIF if
NIFTAR after ARSAM SIF even if


Niptescyai (Articles)Edit

The Teranian articles that correspond to the English a, an and the are ni (a, an) and te (the). The definite article is te and is used for the singular and plural forms of the nouns. Te is often contracted to t' before every noun. The indefinite article is ni. When ni is used with the plural, it means some.

Te Eunsa The house
Ni Thuc A dog
Ni Nimcay An angel
Te Thamumi The demons
Ni Benimtumi Some phantoms



Brumunmi (Pronouns)Edit

Pronouns in Teranian are, despite the high regularity of Teranian, highly irregular. This holds true for all the dialects except for Zero, which has, except for the genetive, lost its irregularity in its pronouns. Teranian does not have an honorific system with its pronouns as Ayese (Elihi) does. This feature enabled Teranian to be easily learned by foreigners and contributed to its widespread success. Pronouns decline from the nominative into the accusative, dative and genetive cases (possessive pronoun and possessive adjectives are going to be listed).


Nominative Accusative Dative Genetive Pronoun Genetive Adjective
I Es Ma t'Ma Mesma Mal or Mebal
You (sing.) Valan (Vlan) Valan (Vlan) t'Vlan Valar (Vlar) Val or Valar
He Ya Yam t'Yam Yas Yal or Yas
She Siya Yar t'Yar Yar Yar
It Est Est t'Est Ests Ests
We Wa Ans t'Ans Unps Ur or Unps
You (pl.) Valun Valun t'Valun Valar (Vlar) Var or Valar
They Tebal Teyam (Tam) t'Tam Teyar (Tar) Tal or Teyar



Nominative examples:
1.) ES nim te resmc - I am the king
2.) VALAN canim thu es - YOU can do it

Accusative examples:
3.) Te tnimr panmar ursar MA - The tank ran over ME
4.) Te Urivalyun tralam tu resyo TAM - The Orifelion have tried to kill them

Dative examples:
5.) Weu cesirsar MA te aour / Weu cesirsar te aour T'MA - Who gave ME the book / Who gave the book TO ME
6.) Ya yamthar MA ni mumali - He lent ME some money

Genetive examples:
7.) Tesis anesythesmc sis MESMA - This building is MINE
8.) Es canim mut tayo uesce sis VLAR nimth uesce sis MAL tubal - I can't tell which is YOURS and which is MY toy

Resapai (Verbs)Edit

Verbs are highly regular in Teranian. In fact, with the exception of the verb 'to be' (t'ai), all other verbs are regularly formed. The most irregularity with 'to be' occurs in the present tense. TO BE - tu ai (t'ai)

PRESENT TENSE

Singular Plural Progressive
I nim nipa aismc
You nipa
S/he, It sis


PAST TENSE

Past P. Progressive P. Participle P. Perfect
unis unismc ayat enirsa aim


FUTURE TENSE

Future I Future II
wesyo ai cusmc t'ai


COMMAND = ai

Bnist Tamsa (Past Tense)Edit

The past tense is formed by taking the verb and adding the suffix -ar to it.

yursa (love) - yursar (loved)
cu (go) - cuar (went)
sbacanynita (speculate) - sbacanynitar (speculated)
snirsunp (savour) - snirsunpar (savoured)
tayo (tell) - tayoar (told)



Here is a table demonstrating how the past tense in Teranian and its dialects are formed.

Ancient (+AT) Modern (+AR) Simo (+AL) Zero (+A)
Kill -> Killed Resi > Resiat Resyo > Resyowar* Reyo > Reyowal Reyo > Reyowa
Race ->Raced Pnica > Pnicat Pnica > Pnicar Pinca > Pincal Pinic > Pinica
Say -> Said Snival > Snivalat Snial > Snialar Snial > Snialal Snal > Snala
Listen ->Listened Yestam > Yestamat Yestam > Yestamar Yetam > Yetamal Yetam > Yetama
  • Please note that when spelt, a -w- is placed between two vowels if the are 'o' + 'a' or vice versa


Fantanpa Tamsa I (Future Tense I)Edit

To create the future tense in Teranian, simply apply the auxiliary future tense verb with the root verb. Here is a table demonstrating this. This is the primary way of forming the future and sounds very definite.

Ancient (wesi +) Modern (wesyo +) Simo (weyo +) Zero (weyo +)
See -> will see Sa > wesi sa Sai > wesyo sai Sai > weyo sai Sai > weyo sai
Hit -> will hit Uest > wesi uest Est > wesyo est Uest > weyo uest Uet > weyo uet
Win -> will win Uesm > wesi uesm Uesm > wesyo uesm Uesm > weyo uesm Uem > weyo uem
Go -> will go Cu > wesi cu Cu > wesyo cu Cu > weyo cu Cu > weyo cu


Fantanpa Tamsa II (Future Tense II)Edit

To create the future tense in Teranian, simply apply the auxiliary future tense verb with the root verb. Here is a table demonstrating this. This is the secondary way, which involves combining the progressive form of Teranian 'go' (cu) plus the root verb with the word 'to' (tu or often contracted to t') before the root verb. It is analogous to the English 'going to...' form.

Ancient (cusmc +) Modern (cusmc +) Simo (cusmc +) Zero (cusmc +)
See -> will see Sa > cusmc t'sa Sai > cusmc t'sai Sai > cusmc t'sai Sai > cusmc t'sai
Hit -> will hit Uest > cusmc t'uest Est > cusmc t'est Uest > cusmc t'uest Uet > cusmc t'uet
Win -> will win Uesm > cusmc t'uesm Uesm > cusmc t'uesm Uesm > cusmc t'uesm Uem > cusmc t'uem
Go -> will go Cu > cusmc t'cu Cu > cusmc t'cu Cu > cusmc t'cu Cu > cusmc t'cu


Brasamt Brucrasesirsa (Present Progressive)Edit

To create the present progressive tense in Teranian, simply add the ending -smc, pronounced -sɪŋk, to the root verb.

Ancient (+smc) Modern (+smc) Simo (+smc) Zero (+semc)
Spit> spitting Sbest > sbestsmc Sbest > sbestsmc Sbest > sbestsmc Sbes > sbesemc*
Pray> praying Bepnival > bepnivalsmc Brinial > brinialsmc Bepinial > bepinialsmc Bepinal > bepinalsemc
Lose> losing Yusa > Yusasmc Yusa > Yusasmc Yusa > yusasmc Yus > yusemc
Talk> talking Tniyr > Tniyrsmc Tenir > Tenirsmc Tenir > tenirsmc Teni > Tenisemc
  • Please note that with Zero, the ending is pronounced -sɛŋk rather than -sɪŋk as in the other dialects


Bnist Brucrasesirsa (Past Progressive)Edit

To create the past progressive tense in Teranian, simply add the ending -smc, pronounced -sɪŋk, to the root verb in the past tense.

Ancient (+atsmc) Modern (+arsmc) Simo (+alsmc) Zero (+asemc)
Spat> was spitting Sbestat > sbestatsmc Sbestar > sbestarsmc Sbestal > sbestalsmc Sbesa > sbesasemc*
Prayed>was praying Bepnivalat > bepnivalatsmc Brinialar > brinialarsmc Bepinialal > bepinialalsmc Bepinala > bepinalasemc
Lost> was losing Yusat > Yusatsmc Yusar > Yusarsmc Yusal > yusalsmc Yusa > yuasemc
Talked> was talking Tniyrat > Tniyratsmc Tenirar > Tenirarsmc Teniral > teniralsmc Tenia > Teniasemc
  • Please note that with Zero, the ending is pronounced -sɛŋk rather than -sɪŋk as in the other dialects


Brasamt Bapfact (Present Perfect)Edit

To create the present perfect tense in Teranian, simply add the ending -am to the root verb and use the modal verb unirsa + brasamt bapfact tamsa (Verb in Present Perfect).

Ancient (+am) Modern (+am) Simo (+am) Zero (+am)
steal > stolen staniy > staniyam* staniy > staniyam** staniy > staniyam*** stani > stanyam
speak > spoken sbanir > sbaniram* sbanir >sbaniram** sbanir > sbaniram*** sbani > sbaniyam
know > known remuu > remuwam ramu > ramuwam remu > remuwam ram > ramam
take > taken tnira > tniram* tnira > tniram** tnira > tniraam**** tenir > teniram


  • (*) Please note that in Ancient Teranian, there was also a complete verb change and separate form of the verb for the present perfect tense regulated by rules such as single syllable words with the penultimate combination -ani- would change the -ani- to -u-. Verbs with the penultimate combination -nir- would replace it with -our-. This is one of the few rules regulating pure Ancient Teranian. Here are how the above verbs would look were that rule used:

staniy > stuyam (stolen)
sbanir > sburam (spoken)
tnira > touram (taken) and some extra examples: mnira > mouram (made)
uaniy > uyam (healed)
anit > autam (beaten) Luckily, Modern Teranian makes use of the simpler more predictable approach to forming the present perfect.

  • (**) Although Modern Teranian uses the more systemic way of forming the present perfect, the Ancient way of forming the present perfect is still heard quite frequently usually by those more educated.
  • (***) Simo also will use the Ancient method but much more rarely than Modern would. The only Ancient method of forming the present perfect that would be used is the -ani- to -u- switch. All other methods have been forgotten.
  • (****) Also note that in Simo, final vowels are not eaten up and suffixes are simply added to the root verb resulting in a longer -a- pronounciation.
  • Zero does not use this method at all.

DictionaryEdit

Example textEdit

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