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Teroan and Konan

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Tero-Konan
Teroska/Kongasa
Type
Fusional/Agglutinative
Alignment
Split Ergativity
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

The term Tero-Konan refers to the two major dialects spoken on the eastern Caspian shore, Teroan and Konan. It is the language of two kingdoms, Tero in the south, & Kona in the north. The language is a direct decendent of Old Norse. It is largely influenced by the languages of the Silk Road, including Scythian, Khwarezmian, Middle Persian, & an early form of Turkic. Teroan is said to be more conservative than Konan.

Teroan: Teroska, Tonaska.

Konan: Kerosa, Konasa.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

In old Tero-Konan, the sounds z, sh, c, & j are found only in loanwords.

Early Tero-Konan Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p/b t/d c/j k/g
Fricative f th s/z sh h
Approximant w y
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Modern Teroan Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p/b t/d c k/g
Fricative s/z sh kh/gh
Approximant w y
Trill r
Lateral Approximant l
Modern Konan Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m ng
Plosive p/b t/d j k/g
Fricative f s sh h
Trill r
Lateral Approximant l

Sound shifts from Early Tero-Konan to modern Tero-Koanan

Tero-Konan Modern Teroan Modern Konan
m m m
n n ng
p p p
b b b
t t k
d d g
c c t
j c d
k k gone
g g gone
f w f
th s s
s s s
z z s
sh sh sh
h kh/gh h
w w f
y y j
r r r
l l l

VowelsEdit

Front Rounded Front Unrounded Central Back Rounded Back Unrounded
Close ii i u uu
Mid ee e o oo
Open a

Konan does additionally distinguish length, but it is not marked in writting. The longer vowels are found where the sounds K & G where dropped.

AlphabetEdit

Tero-Konan uses a varient of the Runic script, which here no longer looks Runic. Some borrowed simbles from Aramaic are used for unfamiliar sounds.

For righting in the Latin script, the leters are A, B, C, '1', D, E, '2', F, G, H, I, '3', J, K, L, M, N, O, '4', P, Q, R, S, '5', T, '6', U, '7', W, Y, Z

I does not have a dot lowercase.

'1' looks like a C with a tiny "5" beneath it. It makes the Kh sound used in Modern Teroan.

'2' is an E with an umlaut.

H is a velar fricative in Early Tero-Konan & a glottal fricative in Modern Konan

'3' is an I with a dot, both capital and lowercase.

N is a dental nasal in Early Tero-Konan & Modern Teroan, but it is a velar nasal in Modern Konan

'4' is an O with an umlaut.

Q makes a Gh sound used in Modern Teroan.

'5' is an S with a "comma" beneath it. It makes the Sh sound.

'6' is a T with a tiny "5" beneath it. it makes the Th sound used in Early Tero-Konan

'7' is a U with an umlaut.

PhonotacticsEdit

Consonant clusters are not very common.

Initial Middle Final
m/n/ng m/n/ng m/n/ng
p/t/k/c p/t/k/c t/k
b/d/g/j b/d/g/j b/d/g
f/th/s/sh/h/kh f/th/s/sh/h f/s/sh
z z/gh rm/lm
w/y/r/l w/y/r/l r/l
sm/sn/sng/shm sm/sn/sng/shm
mp/nt/nc/ngk
mb/nd/nj/ngg
sp/st/sk/sht/shk sp/st/sk/shp/sht/shk
pr/pl/tw/tr/kw/ky/kr/kl/cw pr/tw/kw/kr/kl/cw
br/dw/dr/gw/gr/gl br/dw/gw/gr/gl
fr/fl/thr/thw/sy/sw/sr/sl/shr/shl fr/fl/thr/sw/sl/shr/shl
spr/str/skr/shtr/shkr/spl/skw spr/str/skr/shtr/shkr/skw

Diphthongs are rare.

GrammarEdit

The grammer for Teroan & Konan are identical. Tero-Konan uses prefixing rather than sufixing.

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns have four cases (nominative, accusative, genitive, & dative), two numbers (singular & plual), & two gendres (masculine & feminine). The following shos the prefixes for Early Tero-Konan, Modern Teroan, & Modern Konan.

Masculine Singular       Feminine Singular     Masculine Plural            Feminine Plural        
Nominative re-/re-/re- le-/le-/le- ra-/ra-/ra- la-/la-/la-
Accusative he-/khe-/he- te-/ke-/te- ha-/kha-/ha ta-/ka-/ta-
Genitive se-/se-/se- fe-/we-/fe- sa-/sa-/sa- fa-/wa-/fa-
Dative i-/i-/i- we-/we-/fe- mu-/mu-/mu- wa-/wa-/fa-

VerbsEdit

Verbs have two numbers (singular & plural), two tenses (present & past), three persons (first, second, & third), & three moods (indicative, imperative, & subjunctive).

First Person Singular                  First Person Plural                      Second Person Singular                  Second Person Plural                    Third Person Singular                    Third Person Plural                           
Past Imperative da-/da-/ga- thu-/su-/su- mu-/mu/mu-/mu- ta-/ta-/ka- ri-/r-/ri- sta-/sta-/ska-
Past Indicative mari-/mari-/mari no-/no-/ngo- yama-/yama-/jama- ya-/ya-/ja- andi-/andi-/anggi- yari-/yari-/jari-
Past Subjunctive dari-/dari-/gari- dami-/dami-/gami- thari-/sari-/sari- yada-/yada/-jaga-

dada-/dada-/gaga-

dithi-/disi-/gisi-
Present Imperative thimi-/simi-/simi- tiri-/tiri-/kiri tuma-/tuma-/kuma- titha-/tisa-/kisa- dama-/dama-/gama- thama-/sama-/sama-
Present Indicative yana-/yana-/jana- mara-/mara-/mara- dara-/dara-/gara- thara-/sara-/sara- datha-/dasa-/gasa- tara-/tara-/kara-
Present Subjunctive tama-/tama-/kama- tatha-/tasa-/kasa- na-/na-/nga- ra-/ra-/ra- ma-/ma-/ma yanda-/yanda-/jangga-

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives uses the same prefixes as nouns.

PronounsEdit

Pronouns have four cases, two numbers, & two genders, just like nouns. Oddly, pronouns do not have person. Pronouns cannot be used in sentences with out a verb.

Personal Pronouns Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural
Nominative han/khan/hang hon/khon/hong der/der/ger dara/dara/gara
Accusative hen/khen/heng hana/khana/hanga da/da/ga tara/tara/kar
Genitive hansa/khansa/hangsa henara/khenara/hengara dera/dera/gera fara/wara/fara
Dative hanum/khanum/hangum heni/kheni/hengi dem/dem/gem wara/wara/fara
Possessive Pronouns Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural
Nominative ren/ren/reng le/le/le ira/ira/ira lara/lara/lara
Accusative hane/khane/hange ate/ate/ake ha/kha/ha lan/lan/lang
Genitive se/se/se ranara/ranara/rangara rana/rana/ranga las/las/las
Dative umi/umi/umi niri/niri/ngiri umu/umu/umu lam/lam/lam

ArticlesEdit

Articles have cases, numbers, & genders.

Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Singular Plural
Nominative rehin/reghin/rehing lehin/leghin/lehing hinira/khinira/hingira lanara/lanara/langara
Accusative halam/khalam/halam tehin/teghin/kehing hahin/khaghin/hahing talam/talam/kalam
Genitive hinsa/khinsa/hingsa finara/winara/fingara sahin/saghin/sahing falam/walam/falam
Dative inum/inum/ingum wehin/weghin/fehing himu/khimu/himu ulam/ulam/ulam

NumbersEdit

Numbers have four cases & two genders.

Nominative Accusative Genitive         Dative                    
Maculine ri-/ri-/ri- a-/a-/a-/ igro-/igro-/iro- mura-/mura-/mura-
Feminine ra-/ra-/ra- i-/i-/i- ru-/ru-/ru- ma-/ma-/ma-

Early Tero-Knan: enta, tewera, tarigira, firara, fem, sekes, sigi, oti, nigi, tigi.

Teroan: enta, tewera, tarigira, wirara, wem, sekes, sigi, oti, nigi, tigi.

Konan: engka, kefera, karira, firara, fem, ses, si, oki, ni, ki.

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1IContionary_Wiki
2you (singular)Contionary_Wiki
3heContionary_Wiki
4weContionary_Wiki
5you (plural)Contionary_Wiki
6theyContionary_Wiki
7thisContionary_Wiki
8thatContionary_Wiki
9hereContionary_Wiki
10thereContionary_Wiki
11whoContionary_Wiki
12whatContionary_Wiki
13whereContionary_Wiki
14whenContionary_Wiki
15howContionary_Wiki
16notContionary_Wiki
17allContionary_Wiki
18manyContionary_Wiki
19someContionary_Wiki
20fewContionary_Wiki
21otherContionary_Wiki
22oneContionary_Wiki
23twoContionary_Wiki
24threeContionary_Wiki
25fourContionary_Wiki
26fiveContionary_Wiki
27bigContionary_Wiki
28longContionary_Wiki
29wideContionary_Wiki
30thickContionary_Wiki
31heavyContionary_Wiki
32smallContionary_Wiki
33shortContionary_Wiki
34narrowContionary_Wiki
35thinContionary_Wiki
36womanContionary_Wiki
37man (adult male)Contionary_Wiki
38man (human being)Contionary_Wiki
39childContionary_Wiki
40wifeContionary_Wiki
41husbandContionary_Wiki
42motherContionary_Wiki
43fatherContionary_Wiki
44animalContionary_Wiki
45fishContionary_Wiki
46birdContionary_Wiki
47dogContionary_Wiki
48louseContionary_Wiki
49snakeContionary_Wiki
50wormContionary_Wiki
51treeContionary_Wiki
52forestContionary_Wiki
53stickContionary_Wiki
54fruitContionary_Wiki
55seedContionary_Wiki
56leafContionary_Wiki
57rootContionary_Wiki
58barkContionary_Wiki
59flowerContionary_Wiki
60grassContionary_Wiki
61ropeContionary_Wiki
62skinContionary_Wiki
63meatContionary_Wiki
64bloodContionary_Wiki
65boneContionary_Wiki
66fatContionary_Wiki
67eggContionary_Wiki
68hornContionary_Wiki
69tailContionary_Wiki
70featherContionary_Wiki
71hairContionary_Wiki
72headContionary_Wiki
73earContionary_Wiki
74eyeContionary_Wiki
75noseContionary_Wiki
76mouthContionary_Wiki
77toothContionary_Wiki
78tongueContionary_Wiki
79fingernailContionary_Wiki
80footContionary_Wiki
81legContionary_Wiki
82kneeContionary_Wiki
83handContionary_Wiki
84wingContionary_Wiki
85bellyContionary_Wiki
86gutsContionary_Wiki
87neckContionary_Wiki
88backContionary_Wiki
89breastContionary_Wiki
90heartContionary_Wiki
91liverContionary_Wiki
92drinkContionary_Wiki
93eatContionary_Wiki
94biteContionary_Wiki
95suckContionary_Wiki
96spitContionary_Wiki
97vomitContionary_Wiki
98blowContionary_Wiki
99breatheContionary_Wiki
100laughContionary_Wiki
101seeContionary_Wiki
102hearContionary_Wiki
103knowContionary_Wiki
104thinkContionary_Wiki
105smellContionary_Wiki
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107sleepContionary_Wiki
108liveContionary_Wiki
109dieContionary_Wiki
110killContionary_Wiki
111fightContionary_Wiki
112huntContionary_Wiki
113hitContionary_Wiki
114cutContionary_Wiki
115splitContionary_Wiki
116stabContionary_Wiki
117scratchContionary_Wiki
118digContionary_Wiki
119swimContionary_Wiki
120flyContionary_Wiki
121walkContionary_Wiki
122comeContionary_Wiki
123lieContionary_Wiki
124sitContionary_Wiki
125standContionary_Wiki
126turnContionary_Wiki
127fallContionary_Wiki
128giveContionary_Wiki
129holdContionary_Wiki
130squeezeContionary_Wiki
131rubContionary_Wiki
132washContionary_Wiki
133wipeContionary_Wiki
134pullContionary_Wiki
135pushContionary_Wiki
136throwContionary_Wiki
137tieContionary_Wiki
138sewContionary_Wiki
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140sayContionary_Wiki
141singContionary_Wiki
142playContionary_Wiki
143floatContionary_Wiki
144flowContionary_Wiki
145freezeContionary_Wiki
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147sunContionary_Wiki
148moonContionary_Wiki
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150waterContionary_Wiki
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152riverContionary_Wiki
153lakeContionary_Wiki
154seaContionary_Wiki
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157sandContionary_Wiki
158dustContionary_Wiki
159earthContionary_Wiki
160cloudContionary_Wiki
161fogContionary_Wiki
162skyContionary_Wiki
163windContionary_Wiki
164snowContionary_Wiki
165iceContionary_Wiki
166smokeContionary_Wiki
167fireContionary_Wiki
168ashContionary_Wiki
169burnContionary_Wiki
170roadContionary_Wiki
171mountainContionary_Wiki
172redContionary_Wiki
173greenContionary_Wiki
174yellowContionary_Wiki
175whiteContionary_Wiki
176blackContionary_Wiki
177nightContionary_Wiki
178dayContionary_Wiki
179yearContionary_Wiki
180warmContionary_Wiki
181coldContionary_Wiki
182fullContionary_Wiki
183newContionary_Wiki
184oldContionary_Wiki
185goodContionary_Wiki
186badContionary_Wiki
187rottenContionary_Wiki
188dirtyContionary_Wiki
189straightContionary_Wiki
190roundContionary_Wiki
191sharpContionary_Wiki
192dullContionary_Wiki
193smoothContionary_Wiki
194wetContionary_Wiki
195dryContionary_Wiki
196correctContionary_Wiki
197nearContionary_Wiki
198farContionary_Wiki
199rightContionary_Wiki
200leftContionary_Wiki
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202inContionary_Wiki
203withContionary_Wiki
204andContionary_Wiki
205ifContionary_Wiki
206becauseContionary_Wiki
207nameContionary_Wiki


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