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Teroan and Konan

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Tero-Konan
Teroska/Kongasa
Type
Fusional/Agglutinative
Alignment
Split Ergativity
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

The term Tero-Konan refers to the two major dialects spoken on the eastern Caspian shore, Teroan and Konan. It is the language of two kingdoms, Tero in the south, & Kona in the north. The language is a direct decendent of Old Norse. It is largely influenced by the languages of the Silk Road, including Scythian, Khwarezmian, Middle Persian, & an early form of Turkic. Teroan is said to be more conservative than Konan.

Teroan: Teroska, Tonaska.

Konan: Kerosa, Konasa.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

In old Tero-Konan, the sounds z, sh, c, & j are found only in loanwords.

Early Tero-Konan Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p/b t/d c/j k/g
Fricative f th s/z sh h
Approximant w y
Trill r
Lateral approximant l
Modern Teroan Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar
Nasal m n
Plosive p/b t/d c k/g
Fricative s/z sh kh/gh
Approximant w y
Trill r
Lateral Approximant l
Modern Konan Bilabial Dental Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m ng
Plosive p/b t/d j k/g
Fricative f s sh h
Trill r
Lateral Approximant l

Sound shifts from Early Tero-Konan to modern Tero-Koanan

Tero-Konan Modern Teroan Modern Konan
m m m
n n ng
p p p
b b b
t t k
d d g
c c t
j c d
k k gone
g g gone
f w f
th s s
s s s
z z s
sh sh sh
h kh/gh h
w w f
y y j
r r r
l l l

VowelsEdit

Front Rounded Front Unrounded Central Back Rounded Back Unrounded
Close ii i u uu
Mid ee e o oo
Open a

Konan does additionally distinguish length, but it is not marked in writting. The longer vowels are found where the sounds K & G where dropped.

AlphabetEdit

Tero-Konan uses a varient of the Runic script, which here no longer looks Runic. Some borrowed simbles from Aramaic are used for unfamiliar sounds.

For righting in the Latin script, the leters are A, B, C, '1', D, E, '2', F, G, H, I, '3', J, K, L, M, N, O, '4', P, Q, R, S, '5', T, '6', U, '7', W, Y, Z

I does not have a dot lowercase.

'1' looks like a C with a tiny "5" beneath it. It makes the Kh sound used in Modern Teroan.

'2' is an E with an umlaut.

H is a velar fricative in Early Tero-Konan & a glottal fricative in Modern Konan

'3' is an I with a dot, both capital and lowercase.

N is a dental nasal in Early Tero-Konan & Modern Teroan, but it is a velar nasal in Modern Konan

'4' is an O with an umlaut.

Q makes a Gh sound used in Modern Teroan.

'5' is an S with a "comma" beneath it. It makes the Sh sound.

'6' is a T with a tiny "5" beneath it. it makes the Th sound used in Early Tero-Konan

'7' is a U with an umlaut.

PhonotacticsEdit

Consonant clusters are not very common.

Initial Middle Final
m/n/ng m/n/ng m/n/ng
p/t/k/c p/t/k/c t/k
b/d/g/j b/d/g/j b/d/g
f/th/s/sh/h/kh f/th/s/sh/h f/s/sh
z z/gh rm/lm
w/y/r/l w/y/r/l r/l
sm/sn/sng/shm sm/sn/sng/shm
mp/nt/nc/ngk
mb/nd/nj/ngg
sp/st/sk/sht/shk sp/st/sk/shp/sht/shk
pr/pl/tw/tr/kw/ky/kr/kl/cw pr/tw/kw/kr/kl/cw
br/dw/dr/gw/gr/gl br/dw/gw/gr/gl
fr/fl/thr/thw/sy/sw/sr/sl/shr/shl fr/fl/thr/sw/sl/shr/shl
spr/str/skr/shtr/shkr/spl/skw spr/str/skr/shtr/shkr/skw

Diphthongs are rare.

GrammarEdit

The grammer for Teroan & Konan are identical. Tero-Konan uses prefixing rather than sufixing.

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers Yes Yes No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns have four cases (nominative, accusative, genitive, & dative), two numbers (singular & plual), & two gendres (masculine & feminine). The following shos the prefixes for Early Tero-Konan, Modern Teroan, & Modern Konan.

Masculine Singular       Feminine Singular     Masculine Plural            Feminine Plural        
Nominative re-/re-/re- le-/le-/le- ra-/ra-/ra- la-/la-/la-
Accusative he-/khe-/he- te-/ke-/te- ha-/kha-/ha ta-/ka-/ta-
Genitive se-/se-/se- fe-/we-/fe- sa-/sa-/sa- fa-/wa-/fa-
Dative i-/i-/i- we-/we-/fe- mu-/mu-/mu- wa-/wa-/fa-

VerbsEdit

Verbs have two numbers (singular & plural), two tenses (present & past), three persons (first, second, & third), & three moods (indicative, imperative, & subjunctive).

First Person Singular                  First Person Plural                      Second Person Singular                  Second Person Plural                    Third Person Singular                    Third Person Plural                           
Past Imperative da-/da-/ga- thu-/su-/su- mu-/mu/mu-/mu- ta-/ta-/ka- ri-/r-/ri- sta-/sta-/ska-
Past Indicative mari-/mari-/mari no-/no-/ngo- yama-/yama-/jama- ya-/ya-/ja- andi-/andi-/anggi- yari-/yari-/jari-
Past Subjunctive dari-/dari-/gari- dami-/dami-/gami- thari-/sari-/sari- yada-/yada/-jaga-

dada-/dada-/gaga-

dithi-/disi-/gisi-
Present Imperative thimi-/simi-/simi- tiri-/tiri-/kiri tuma-/tuma-/kuma- titha-/tisa-/kisa- dama-/dama-/gama- thama-/sama-/sama-
Present Indicative yana-/yana-/jana- mara-/mara-/mara- dara-/dara-/gara- thara-/sara-/sara- datha-/dasa-/gasa- tara-/tara-/kara-
Present Subjunctive tama-/tama-/kama- tatha-/tasa-/kasa- na-/na-/nga- ra-/ra-/ra- ma-/ma-/ma yanda-/yanda-/jangga-

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives uses the same prefixes as nouns.

PronounsEdit

Pronouns have four cases, two numbers, & two genders, just like nouns. Oddly, pronouns do not have person. Pronouns cannot be used in sentences with out a verb.

Personal Pronouns Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural
Nominative han/khan/hang hon/khon/hong der/der/ger dara/dara/gara
Accusative hen/khen/heng hana/khana/hanga da/da/ga tara/tara/kar
Genitive hansa/khansa/hangsa henara/khenara/hengara dera/dera/gera fara/wara/fara
Dative hanum/khanum/hangum heni/kheni/hengi dem/dem/gem wara/wara/fara
Possessive Pronouns Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Feminine Plural
Nominative ren/ren/reng le/le/le ira/ira/ira lara/lara/lara
Accusative hane/khane/hange ate/ate/ake ha/kha/ha lan/lan/lang
Genitive se/se/se ranara/ranara/rangara rana/rana/ranga las/las/las
Dative umi/umi/umi niri/niri/ngiri umu/umu/umu lam/lam/lam

ArticlesEdit

Articles have cases, numbers, & genders.

Masculine Singular Feminine Singular Masculine Plural Singular Plural
Nominative rehin/reghin/rehing lehin/leghin/lehing hinira/khinira/hingira lanara/lanara/langara
Accusative halam/khalam/halam tehin/teghin/kehing hahin/khaghin/hahing talam/talam/kalam
Genitive hinsa/khinsa/hingsa finara/winara/fingara sahin/saghin/sahing falam/walam/falam
Dative inum/inum/ingum wehin/weghin/fehing himu/khimu/himu ulam/ulam/ulam

NumbersEdit

Numbers have four cases & two genders.

Nominative Accusative Genitive         Dative                    
Maculine ri-/ri-/ri- a-/a-/a-/ igro-/igro-/iro- mura-/mura-/mura-
Feminine ra-/ra-/ra- i-/i-/i- ru-/ru-/ru- ma-/ma-/ma-

Early Tero-Knan: enta, tewera, tarigira, firara, fem, sekes, sigi, oti, nigi, tigi.

Teroan: enta, tewera, tarigira, wirara, wem, sekes, sigi, oti, nigi, tigi.

Konan: engka, kefera, karira, firara, fem, ses, si, oki, ni, ki.

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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