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Thärín

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Thyärín
'
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Ergative–Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Animate/Inanimate
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


I am just getting started with this, so if you notice I've set myself up with something stupid, illogical, or self-contradictory please do let me know.

General informationEdit

Thärín, the primary language of Thälâ, originated as the language of a nomadic group, minorities in what is now Illias. Following the Wars of Dust, the remaining tribes settled on the northern coast and came into contact with Saen-speaking sailors from the Greenmiar Isles. Differnces between the tribes' speech were merged and codified, and words were adapted from Sæn and Relian to fill gaps in the Thäq's vocabulary.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive b d k q
Fricative th (θ)

s

z

sh ( ʃ )

h

Approximant r
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Roman IPA     Roman IPA    Roman IPA   Roman IPA  
a a e e i ɪ u ʊ
á è əɪ ì ɪä ù ʊə
ä ë í ɪə ú ʊɛ
â ê əʊ î ɪu ü ʊɪ

AlphabetEdit

Thärín did not have a distinct alphabet prior to the settlement of Thälâ, when written records became increasingly necessary. Illiaster has multiple written forms, but the Thäq sought to establish independence from Illias and instead the Relian and Saen alphabets was adapted to form a new Thärín calligraphic script.

Thärín script is written from right to left, like Illiaster.

Prefixes are followed by a punctuation mark similar to an apostrophe to distinguish them from words. Single-letter suffixes are not punctuated. Suffixes are separated from the word by a dot or dash.

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllables consist of [C][V]. Dipthong vowels only follow single consonants (, water), and monothong vowels only follow consonant clusters (mhi, animal).

Prefixes and suffixes modify words to indicate parts of speech, plurals, etc. In some cases the root word and its derivatives are not strictly analogous, particularly basic words with origins in the Thäq's nomadic era.

The consonant Y is mute and paired with either type of vowel, to allow for the effect of a vowel-only syllable.

GrammarEdit

Sentence construction is OSV. Modifiders always follow what they describe.

Word construction begins with the base, then appends adjective and verb roots to create a complex idea. For example: the Thärín word brekêlú (bre-kəʊ-lʊɛ), is a compound from bre (human) + kên (curved) = brekê (woman) + lúsh (to hold) = brekêlú (mother). The practice of dropping the part-of-speech suffix when building a word can leave the meaning unclear if trying to deconstruct a complex word: the individual syllables bre, kê, and mean human, circle, and hand.

Nouns are considered animate (people, animals, plants) or inanimate (objects, abstract ideas). The division is a remnant of the Thêq's nomadic origins in the steppeland of Illias, and categorizes things by those which require water and those which do not. Animate things become inanimate following death (of people or animals) or harvest (of plants). Individual elements of a quantized animate noun (the man's hand, the tree's leaf) are not animate.

PRONOUNS Singular Plural  
1st Person (animate) bâq
1st Person (inanimate) báq
2nd Person (animate) bèq
2nd Person (inanimate) bêq
3rd Person (animate) bìq
3rd Person (inanimate) bîq
ARTICLES/MOODS Animate     Inanimate
definite (general)                    -bì -sü
definite (present) -bìm -süm
indefinite -bìd -kâ
partive -lü -kü
negative -rú -rú
interrogative -zú -zú
genitive -sú -sú










SUFFIXES  Letter
plural -q
presence -m
adjective -n
verb -sh
VERB CONJUGATION        Tense word          
Simple Present
Continuous Present hêbri
Perfect Present hêthí
Perf. Cont. Present hêbrithí
Simple Past thí
Continuous Past thíbri
Perfect Past thíthí
Perf. Cont. Past thíbrithí
Simple Future
Continuous Future rìbri
Perfect Future rìthí
Perf. Cont. Future rìbrithí
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No Yes No No
Nouns Yes No Yes No No Yes No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No Yes No Yes
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article Yes No Yes No No Yes No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


VocabularyEdit


No. English Thärín
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4webâq
5you (plural)báq
6theybìq
7thissüm
8that
9heremìm
10there
11whobì'zú
12whatsü'zú
13wheremì'zú
14whennè'zú
15howrâ'zú
16not
17allkâq
18many
19someküq
20few
21otherthêrú
22onethêz
23twonäz
24threemèz
25fourkíz
26fivedáz
27bigyín
28long.
29widemìkâbhin
30thick.
31heavy.
32smallkìn
33short.
34narrowmìbhin
35thin.
36womanbrekê
37man (adult male)bresè
38man (human being)bre
39childbrekì
40wifebrekêzä
41husbandbrekêzä
42motherbrekêlú
43fatherbresèlú
44animalmhi
45fishmhibä
46birdmhiqä
47dogmhilênê
48lousemhiskubä
49snakemhilâkì
50wormmhilâ
51treezma
52forest.
53stick.
54fruitzmasku
55seed.
56leaf.
57rootzmamìbhilú
58bark.
59flower.
60grass.
61ropemìbhilú
62skin.
63meatsku
64bloodskubä
65bone.
66fat.
67eggthme
68horn.
69tail.
70feathermhiqälúkì
71hair.
72head.
73earnêmthe
74eyenêdë
75nose.
76mouthnêrí
77tooth.
78tongue.
79fingernail.
80footnêhä
81leg.
82knee.
83handnêlú
84wingmhiqälú
85bellynêsku
86guts.
87neck.
88back.
89breastnêshre
90heart.
91liver.
92drinkshrebäsh
93eatshresh
94biteshreqzash
95suck.
96spit.
97vomit.
98blow.
99breathe.
100laugh.
101seedësh
102hearmthesh
103know.
104thinkyâsh
105smell.
106fearshzash
107sleep.
108livebädùsh
109diebädùrúsh
110killdùskush
111fight.
112hunt.
113hitlúqzash
114cut.
115split.
116stab.
117scratch.
118diglâlúsh
119swim.
120fly.
121walkhäsh
122come.
123lie.
124sit.
125stand.
126turn.
127fall.
128give.
129holdlúsh
130squeeze.
131rub.
132washyëbäsh
133wipe.
134pulllúmìmsh
135pushlúmìsh
136throw.
137tie.
138sew.
139count.
140sayrísh
141singrímthesh
142play.
143float.
144flow.
145freeze.
146swell.
147sunqädre
148moonqädreszu
149starqälê
150water
151rainbäqä
152riverbäkha
153lakebälâlú
154seazáyúbha
155saltlâkìzáyú
156stone.
157sandlâkì
158dustlâkì
159earth
160cloudqälâkì
161fogmrekè
162sky
163windqäzra
164snow.
165ice.
166smokelêqä
167fire
168ashlêkì
169burnlêsh
170roadthëlú
171mountainlâyí
172reddëskubän
173greendëzman
174yellowdëqädren
175whitedëlâkìn
176blackdëszun
177nightnèqäszu
178daynèqädre
179yearnèkâ
180warmlên
181cold.
182full.
183new.
184old.
185good.
186bad.
187rotten.
188dirty.
189straightsèn
190roundkên
191sharpqzan
192dullqzarún
193smooth.
194wetbän
195drybärún
196correct.
197nearmìn
198farmìkân
199right.
200left.
201at.
202in.
203with.
204and
205if
206because.
207name.


Example textEdit

Bäkha'sü yín së záyúbhaq'sü szun bí shza'thí. Qä'sü míkâbhin së qäzraq'sü lên bâ lênê'thí.

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