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Thellesous

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Thellesous
Θέλλεσους
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
No
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Thellesous (θέλλεσους) is a language wrtten with the greek alphabet and has features of romantic languages. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p    b t    d k    g
Fricative f    v θ    ð s    z x    ɣ
Affricate
Approximant
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e o
Open-mid
Near-open a
Open

AlphabetEdit

Thellesous' alphabet follows the same rules of the greek alphabet and pronunciation.

capital
Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ Χ Ψ Ω
lower case
α β γ δ ε ζ η θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ ο π ρ σ/
ς
τ υ φ χ ψ ω

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

the verbs are conjugated, but always regularly, you just have to add the proper ending to the root of the verb: Simple Present

  • action in the present taking place once, never or several times
  • facts
  • actions taking place one after another
  • action set by a timetable or schedule

-ω 1st person sing. -ας 2nd person sing. -ει 3rd person sing. -εμη 1st person pl. -ενη 2nd person pl. -ειν 3rd person pl.

  • the endings have to be attached to the verb root (σταίς -> root = στ-) 

ex. σταίς (to be) στω - I am στας - you are στει - he/she/it is στέμη - we are στένη - you are (pl.) στειν - they are Sentence examples: πράγης (to speak) --> root = πραγ-

Πράγω - I speak. 

Υχ νει πράγει - He doesn't speak.

Πράγεμη? - Do we speak? Present Progressive

  • action taking place in the moment of speaking
  • action taking place only for a limited period of time
  • action arranged for the future.

*the present particle is made by taking the 'ς' out of the end of the verb in its infinitive. ex. πράγης --> present particle = πράγη

Sentence examples: 

Στω να πράγη - I am speaking.

Νει στένη να πράγη - you(pl.) are not talking

Στειν να πράγη? - are they speaking?

Simple Past

  • action in the past taking place once, never or several times
  • actions taking place one after another
  • action taking place in the middle of another action

-ή 1st person sing. -αι 2nd person sing. -εν 3rd person sing. -εμή 1st person pl. -ενή 2nd person pl. -εινή 3rd person pl. ex. ήλεις -> root = ήλ- (to have) ηλή - I had ήλαι - you had ήλεν - he/she/it had ηλεμή - we had ηλενή - you had (pl.) ηλεινή - they had 

Sentence examples:

Υχ πράγεν - He spoke

Νει πραγεινή - They didn't speak

Πράγαι? - Did you speak?

Past Progressive

  • action going on at a certain time in the past
  • actions taking place at the same time
  • action in the past that is interrupted by another action

Sentence examples:

Στή να πράγη - I was speaking

Νει στεμή να πράγη - We weren't speaking

Στενή να πράγη? - Were you (pl.) speaking?

Present Perfect Simple

  • putting emphasis on the result
  • action that is still going on
  • action that stopped recently
  • finished action that has an influence on the present
  • action that has taken place once, never or several times before the moment of speaking

*the past particle is made by adding 'α' to the root of the verb. ex. πράγης --> past particle = πράγα

Sentence examples:

Λη ήλει πράγα - she has spoken

Νει ήλας πράγα - you have not spoken

Ήλεμη πράγα? - Have we spoken?

Present Perfect Progressive

  • putting emphasis on the course or duration (not the result)
  • action that recently stopped or is still going on
  • finished action that influenced the present

Sentence examples:

Ήλεμη στα να πράγη - we have been speaking

Υχ νει ήλει στα να πράγη  - he has been speaking

Ήλας στα να πράγη - you have been speaking

Past Perfect Simple

  • action taking place before a certain time in the past
  • sometimes interchangeable with past perfect progressive
  • putting emphasis only on the fact(not the duration)

Sentence examples:

Ηλή πράγα - I had spoken

Νει ηλενή πράγα - you (pl.) had not spoken

Ήλεν εις πράγα? - Had it spoken?

Future tense 

The future is made using the particle 'θα' in front of the verb already conjugated.


SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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