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Tilo

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Progress 37%
Tilo, Tiloan, Tiloese
Tilõ Niqicaw
Type
Semi-Fusional
Alignment
NOM-ACC
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



This language will be stalled for a little bit while I return focus to my other language but I will return to Tilõ to finish work on it shortly.

General informationEdit

Tilõ Niqicaw, The Language of People

This is an attempt to come up with a nice language. Nothing to complex, but nothing too simple. A normal, moderate, elegant language, but no promises. 

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Where consonants are represented by letters that do not correspond to their IPA values, the orthography is given below the IPA value. 

Please note htat I have just begun this language on this wiki adn I am not too familiar with this wiki or how to edit things. This language is very early in the stages of development and the phonology and grammar may be tweaked to be better spoken adn understood.  

Bilabial Labio-velar Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive b p t d k g
Fricative

ɸ β

f v

θ ð

þ ð

ts dz

c x

ʃ ʒ

s z

ç ʝ

ç z̧

[ʁ]

r*

h
Affricate

tʃ dʒ

q j 

Approximant w j

y

Trill r
Lateral app. l

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Back
Close i ĩ  u
Near-close ʊ̃

ũ

Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid ɛ̃

ɔ̃

õ

Near-open
Open a ɑ̃

ã

Where vowels are not orthographically represented by their IPA letter, teh orthography occurs below the IPA value.

Alphabet

Alphabet: a ã b c ç d ð e ẽ f g h i ĩ j k l m n o õ p q r s t u ũ v w x y z z̧ þ.

IPA value: a ɑ̃ b ts ç d ð e ɛ̃ f g h i ĩ dʒ k l m n o ɔ̃ p tʃ r~ʁ ʃ t u ʊ̃ v w dz j z ʝ θ

(Note those are tildes on vowels not macrons)

Note the following:

Stress is word final normally.

A vowel with an acute accent indicates stress wiht an oral vowel quality and a vowel with a ogonek indicates stress but with a nasal vowel quality.

PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes No Yes Yes No No
Nouns Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Numbers No Yes No No No No No No
Participles Yes Yes Yes No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No Yes Yes No No No No No
Particle No No No Yes No No Yes No

NounsEdit

Nouns decline according to case, number, and gender. Adjectives decline like nouns, pronouns and articles do too byt articles are not sensitive to gender.

Nouns can be either animate or inanimate (gender).

Animatenouns tend to be people, living things, languages, large natural forces, things that were or are alive, etc. Inanimate nouns include tools, rocks, things that were never alive, etc.

Nouns decline for nominative/accusative, dative/oblique, genitive, and ablative/instrumental. Some nouns also take a locative form, but this is rare. More one cases and use of cases will be given later. Nouns decline for singular and plural and suffixes are determined by vowel grade. Some nouns change vowels (ablaut) in declension.

Nouns are composed of a root with a thematic vowel and a case. The thematic vowel is the vowel before the final consonant and it is the determiner for vowel grade. Their endings and declensions are determined by their gender and vowel-grade. A vowel grade is determined by examining the vowel before the final consonant. There are three vowel grades: zero, o, a.

Please see below for noun declensions and examples.

DUE TO A RECENTLY DISCOVERED ERROR MY NOUN TABLES HAVE BEEN REMOVED FOR CORRECTION AND REWORKING. PLEASE BE PATIENT. THANKS

All nouns fit into this paradigm. Simply locate its thematic vowel and it will point to the proper grade ablaut which will indicate the way to decline.

Verbs Edit

Verbs take endings to indicate number. For mood they take a prefix (realis indicative is unmarked). For voice and tense/aspect they take particles, however some verbs riduplicate for aspect and take a particle for historical purposes. Voice particle is a separate one from the tense/aspect dual particle. Person is indicated by pronouns without conjugation

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English tilõ
1Io
2you (singular)la
3heen (not masculine but animate)
4we
5you (plural)qoy
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109dieayesi
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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