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Tixistani
Yelað Tikkŕista
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General InformationEdit

Tixistani (natively Yelað Tikkŕista /jelʌθ tikːristʌ/) is the native language of the Tixistani people in Tixistan, a large country on Cittus-V.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

dental alveolar dorsal glottal
stop tenuis t(ː) k(ː) ʔ
fricative voiceless θ(ː) s(ː) ʟ̝̊(ː) h(ː)
voiced z ɣ(ː) ʟ̝(ː)
approximant ɹ(ː) ɫ(ː) j
trill r(ː)

VowelsEdit

front back
high i ɯ
low ɛ ʌ

Diphthongs: /ɯi̯/, /ɛi̯/, /ɛʌ̯/, and /ʌi̯/

PhonotacticsEdit

  • (C)V(C)(C)
  • Geminate consonants count as two consonants, can occur before before another (non-geminate) consonant, and cannot occur on a word boundary.
  • Words must begin in a consonant.

Writing SystemEdit

Native Script Edit

Basics Edit

Tixistani is written in a semi-syllabary called ’Urshef or Rallisata. It has many interesting features:

  • The glottal stop is written as an accent mark. Whether it is to be phonetically positioned before or after the letter it is written on must be determined by context.
  • L, Ð, and Ŕ are written as R, S, and H plus a variation mark.
  • Z and V are written as S and F with a voice mark.
  • The letters for high vowels pull double-duty as consonants (U with G and I with Y). When two are next to each other, it must be inferred from context which are consonants.
  • Stop consonants are written as syllable blocks with each vowel. If, in the spoken language, a stop must not be before a vowel, it is written with a silent echo vowel from either side. ex. Hakre is written as H.A.Ka.R.E or H.A.Ke.R.E.
  • Geminate consonants are not written doubly, but with a lengthener accent mark.
  • Letter names are not arbitrary. ex. F is feskuŕ "skin", R ralli "cloud", and S sat "eye"
  • The script is written in downward columns which move from the left to the right.
  • Words are separated by a small punctuation mark.

Native collation Edit

r, l, s, z, ð, h, ŕ, f, v, u/g, e, a, i/y, ku, ke, ka, ki, tu, te, ta, ti

LettersEdit

Letter Name Meaning IPA
R ralli "cloud" /ɹ/
L luh "tentacle vine" /l/
S sat "eye" /s/
Z zekar sat "voiced eye" /z/
Ð ðurz "dance" /θ/
H hurð "hoard, riches, bounty" /h/
Ŕ ŕus "year" /r/
F feskuŕ "skin" /ʟ̝̊/
V zekar feskuŕ "voiced skin" /ʟ̝/
U/G gehhu "water" /ɯ/, /ɣ/
E ’Eas "Cittus-V" /ɛ/
A ’alt "tree" /ʌ/
I/Y yeft "pet/pest animal" /i/, /j/
Ku kuvve "sand" /kɯ/
Ke keyfaz "homeland" /kɛ/
Ka Kayŕ "sun" /kʌ/
Ki kið’a "claw" /ki/
Tu tulla "reaching plants" /tɯ/
Te teteh "spike, thorn, spear" /tɛ/
Ta taz "day" /tʌ/
Ti tig "joy, happiness, contentment" /ti/

Romanization Edit

letter A Ð E F G H I K L
phoneme /ʌ/ /θ/ /ɛ/ /ʟ̝̊/ /ɣ/ /h/ /i/ /k/ /ɫ/
letter R Ŕ S T U V Y Z
phoneme /ɹ/ /r/ /s/ /t/ /ɯ/ /ʟ̝/ /j/ /z/ /ʔ/

SyntaxEdit

VSO; purely right branching

Nouns Edit

Verbs Edit

Nonfuture, Intensive Nonfuture, Future, Intensive Future, Gnomic, Intensive Gnomic, Subjunctive, Intensive Subjunctive, Imperative, Intensive Imperative, Nonfinite forms

VocabularyEdit

Swadesh listEdit


No. English Tixistani
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass’alt
61rope
62skinfeskuŕ
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eyesat
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sunKayŕ
148moon
149star
150watergehhu
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sandkuvve
158dust
159earth
160cloudralli
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178daytaz
179yearŕus
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name

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