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Toúījāb Kīkxot
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Nominative-Accusative
Head direction Head-initial
Tonal No
Declensions No
Conjugations No
Genders 4
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words  ? of 1500
Creator Mythoswyrm

Setting Edit

Phonology Edit

Vowels Edit

Front Near Front Center Near center Near Back Back
Close ī [i:] i [ɪ] u [ʊ] ū [u:]
Mid a [ə] o [ɔ] ō [o:]
Open ā [ɑ:]

Consonant Edit

Bilabial Alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Glottal
Nasal m [m] n [n]
Plosive voiceless p [p] t [t] k [k] h [ʔ]
voiced b [b] d [d] g [g]
ejective ph [p'] th [t'] kh [k'] q [q']
Africative voiceless c [ʦ] z [ʧ]
voiced j [ʣ]
ejective ch [ʦ'] zh [ʧ’]
Fricative voiceless s [s] x [ʃ] f [ħ] y [h]
voiced
ejective sh [s']
Lateral l [l]
Trill r [r]
Approximate w [ɹ] í [j] ú [w] v [ʕ]

Phonotactics Edit

Syllables Edit

Sandhi/Assimilation Patterns Edit

Basic grammar Edit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No Yes Yes Yes
Nouns Yes No No No No No No No
Adjectives Yes No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

Toúījāb Kīkxot is an agglutinative, symmetrical-voice language. It has a (mostly regular) trilateral root system, and most derivation of verbs, nouns and adjectives occurs through transfixation and reduplication. Roots are classified into 1 of 4 classes more or less based on animacy of the idea. They are Human (I), Animate (II), Inanimate (III), and Abstract (IV). There are ~16 derivational patterns, (usually) with different transfixes for each class. In most cases, inflections are marked with prefixes and suffixes.

Nouns Edit

Gender Edit

Possession Edit

Number Edit

Pronouns Edit

There are four sets of human pronouns (Honorific, Neutral, Familiar and Inferior/Pejorative) and a wide variety of 3rd person non-human pronouns.

Human Pronouns
Honorific Neutral Familiar Inferior
Sing Plural Sing Plural Sing Plural Sing Plural
1st Yānolūs iryāsíō ustū īw yān saxō rōgbad -
2nd wōdānga - - - ōdan úilū - il
3rd vipmā chobka fīs cānu ōb māvox xōbik

Verbs Edit

Voice Edit

Applicative Suffixes Edit

Aspect Edit

Mood Edit

Adjectives Edit

Gender Edit

Comparison Edit

Adverbs Edit

Derivational Morphology Edit

With some more advanced forms of inflectional morphology thrown in

Nouns Edit

Patterns Edit

Reduplication Edit

Compounding

Verbs Edit

Patterns Edit

Reduplication Edit

Compounding

Adjectives Edit

Patterns Edit

Reduplication Edit

Compounding

Syntax Edit

Orthography Edit

While a latin based transcription is used in the text, natively Toúījāb Kīkxot is written in a logographic system with heavy syllabic elements.

Dictionary Edit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22oneāno
23twokac
24threeyimōf
25fouríāpī
26fiveidnāg
27bigtlochi
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36womansīrmo
37man (adult male)xīplo
38man (human being)úīkmo
39childgīcmo
40wife
41husband
42mothermīzno
43fatherphīmpo
44animal
45fish
46birdkōzur
47dogrōxub
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forestzhjusī
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grassnōíox
61rope
62skinxīfko
63meat
64bloodtīkbo
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73earnīyko
74eyepīhmo
75noseyīkcho
76mouthtīújo
77tooth
78tonguetīzlo
79fingernail
80footúīhbo
81leg
82knee
83handnīsyo
84wing
85bellyxīcso
86guts
87neck
88back
89breastxīhdo
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eattiúja
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blowacthōm
99breathe
100laugh
101seepihma
102hearniyka
103know
104thinkūmicph
105smellyikcha
106fear
107sleepūsimf
108liveūtikb
109dieāpjāp
110killpījūp
111fight
112huntorxīb
113hit
114cutotbīl
115split
116stab
117scratch
118digoqcīl
119swim
120flyokzīr
121walkūúihb
122come
123lie
124sitūsiqr
125stand
126turn
127fall
128giveomrīs
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moonqōúot
149starkōkob
150watergōfot
151rainzōsos
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stoneúōlon
157sandtōhoy
158dust
159earth
160clouddōkhol
161fog
162skyxōíop
163windcitham
164snowtōwow
165icetōwow(?)
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burnawnōg
170road
171mountainkōmor
172red
173greenlshoki
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181coldītwaw
182full
183newrdoxi
184old
185goodpgodī
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharptībil
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201atqal
202inqal
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example Text Edit

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 1:

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Toúījāb Kīkxot:

Khōhim úīkmo1 vit akhxōm qal cōroj2 dumlūzō ūmpa lipha tāsah ī cāyap3 vit fnoxi4. Cānu mamaxīrosasā5 mocīph6 ī ahrōsh 7 ūmpa ziūsiwk8 olúīg-alúag zāraz dūchhawāx.

IPA:

[ˈk'oːʔɪm wiːkŋɔ ʕɪt ək'ʃoːm q'əl tsoːrɔdz dʊmluːtʃoː uːmpə lɪp'ə tɑːsəʔ iː tsɑːjəp ʕɪt ħnɔʃɪ. Tsɑːnʊ məməʃiːrɔsəsɑː mɔtsiːp' iː əʔroːs' uːmpə tʃjuːsɪɹk ɔlwiːg-əlwəg tʃɑːrətʃ duːts'əɹɑːʃ]

Translators notes


1 The word literally means "human, person, mankind", but has a connotation of "civilizied people" (that is, only their civilization). Using "úīkmo" instead of "vīggo" (human, tribe, people, mankind, barbarian etc) reflects their values that they are superior and have greater rights compared to everyone else.


2 Úīkmo Kīkxot find the idea of people being born "free" strange. Instead the phrase "enter the world" is used. Means the same thing, but fits their sensibility better, since the verb born usually has reference to a mother, but there is none here.


3 Literally means "entitlement". Úīkmo Kīkxot don't have the same views as us regarding rights. People can feel that they deserve something, but those are based on merit, wealth and caste, not ideals.


4 Means the same, equal or even balanced. While this construction is perfectly acceptable, xenophobic Úīkmo Kīkxot would probably interpret this to mean that each person's rights (entitlements) are equal or in accordance with their individual dignity (honor, standing) and not that all people have the same rights and dignity.


5 The habitual/frequentive/gnomic aspect is used to emphasize that people are always given the following things. Takes a locative applicative suffix to show that the subject is the recipient, not the patient. While no agent is specified, the ditransitive is still used and people can understand from context that the following nouns are patients, not agents.

6 Literally means "mind, place of thoughts" but can mean reason too

7 Literally means "doing righteous acts" but like many verbal nouns, has a more abstract meaning of "knowing what is right" or conscience

8 Means "must" but uses the imperative prefix to soften it to "should". This shows that pragmatically the imperative prefix makes orders more polite and in the case of an imperative verb, still makes it more polite

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