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|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
|Words||51 of 5000|
There are a total of 30 consonant sounds in Tomeko. 3 are nasals, 9 are stop consonants, 11 are fricatives, 3 are affricates, and finally, there are 3 approximates.
|Plosive||p b||t d||c||k g||q||ʔ|
|Fricative||f v||θ ð||s z||ʃ ʒ||x ɣ||h|
|Affricate||ts dz||tʃ dʒ|
There are ten vowel sounds in Tomeko. Half are rounded, half are not. Also, each vowel can have two pitches: high and low. Generally, stressed syllables will have the high tone in their first (or main) vowel, while unstressed syllables' main vowels will have the low tone.
|High||i y||ɯ u|
|Low||a œ||ɑ ɒ|
The syllable structure in Tomeko is as follows:
(C)(q, h)V(V)(V)(C)(b, p, t, d, k, g),
where C is a consonant, V is a vowel, and lowercase letters refer to those sounds in Tomeko. In addition, as mentioned above, the main vowel of a syllable is the first, required vowel, while the side vowels of a syllable are the other two, optional vowels.
|IPA symbol||Orthographic Symbol|
* left sound is produced unless it comes after another consonant
** right sound is produced when the first vowel in the syllable is a back vowel, left sound is produced otherwise
*** left symbol corresponds to the low tone; right symbol corresponds to the high tone
Native Writing SystemEdit
Parts of SpeechEdit
In Tomeko, there are only four parts of speech: nouns, verbs, prepositions, and conjuctions. Nouns are either objects or ideas, verbs are declarative relationships between two nouns, preopositions are imperative relationships between two nouns and/or verbs, and conjunctions combine two nouns, two verbs, or two prepositions so that they're treated as one. Because Tomeko is a head-first language, the verb comes before the subject, which comes before the object. So, the sentence
"The boy ate his ice cream quickly."
"Ate with quickness the of boy ice cream of him."
Declension and ConjuagtionEdit
Tomeko declines nouns based on case (nominative vs. accusative), definiteness (indefinite vs. definite), number (singular vs. plural), and gender (masculine vs. feminine). Declining is done by adding a suffix to the end of a noun, as follows:
Verbs are conjugated based on person (1st, 2nd, 3rd), tense, and aspect (past, present, future, negative, inceptive, terminative, continuous). Conjugating verbs is done in a similar way to declining nouns: by adding a suffix:
Peonouns are considered a type of noun in Tomeko. They are differentiated based on gender (masculine vs. feminine), person (1st, 2nd, 3rd), and case (nominative, accusative, genitive):
Note: Genitive pronouns act like a prepositional phrase.
Note: To combine pronouns, simply put one after the other. For example, you and I in Tomeko is teke.
Articles are considered a type of noun in Tomeko. These are the Tomekan articles:
|Close to speaker||śu||śi||tīs||nīs|
|Far away from speaker||śu||źon||tīxe||nīs|
For the list of nouns, see this page.