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Trudanelange

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Dam Konta in dom nört (talk) 02:36, April 24, 2013 (UTC)Dam Konta mäldom Nört

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Hukketrudanjälangvig
Truly language
Type
flexive fussionating
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Hukketrudanjälangvig (/hu.ke.tɾu.ða.njä.laŋ.vig/) is an a-priori language which, so to speak, is a kind of correct or pure form of "trudanjälangvig" (in the same way that german and high german do). Is an head initial language mostly west germanic but also finno-ugric so is not really an Indo-European tongue at all.

Is a flexive fussionating language which has two numbers, singular and plural and is declined in 5 grammatical cases, nominative, accusative, dative, genitive and instrumental, only nouns, pronouns and articles can be declined.

About genders, this language has 3, masculine, feminine and neutral, which is actually a default gender like in many germanic languages.

PhonologyEdit

Vowels, diphthongs and triphthongsEdit

Vowels

Front Near-front Central Back
Close i y u
Close-mid e o
Open-mid ɛ œ ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a

Diphthongs

Letters IPA Letters IPA
Ei-ei /ej/ Aw-aw /aʊ/
Ë-ë /aj/ Ew-ew /eʊ/
Oi-oi /oj/ /ɔj/ Iw-iw /iʊ/
Äi-äi /æj/ Ow-ow /oʊ/
Öi-öi /œj/ Äw-äw /æʊ/

Consonants and digraphsEdit

Consonants

Bilabial Labio-dental dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Alveolo-Palatal Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g ʔ
Sibilant fricative s ʃ
Non-sibilant fricative f v θ ð x h
Affricate ts
Approximant ʋ j ʍ w
Flap or tap ɾ
Trill r
Lateral app. l


Digraphs

Letters IPA
Hw-hw /ʍ/
ng* /ŋ/
Ny-ny /ɲ/
rr* /r/
Ch-ch /x/
Th-th /θ/
*: Only occur between letters, never in the beginning.

Grammar - NyelvysEdit

Pronouns - PronöneinEdit

Personal pronouns - Hwitjan pronöneinEdit

personal pronouns in trudanjälangvig are declined in "cases" as in german, this language has 5:

Nominative Accusative Dative Genitive Instrumental
I Ik Mitt Migg Mir Mine
You Ssü Ssüt Nigg Nir Dine
He Sa Satt Sagg Sar Sane
She Segg Ser Sene
It Sei Sej Sogg Sor Sone
We Vekja Kjat Jagg Kjar Jane
We Vekje Kjet Jegg Kjer Jene
You all Viyä Yätt Yägg Yär Vine
They Saen Saet Saegg Saer Dane
They Hëen Sëet Hëegg Hëer Dëne
  • there is a distinction between masculine and feminine form of we, therefore, "Vekja" is masculine and "Vekje" is feminine.


  • As "we", "they" has a gender differentiation, so, "Saen" is masculine and "Hëen" is feminine.

Possessive pronounsEdit

Personal pronoun Posesive pronoun
Ik -Minn
Nu Dinn
Sa Sann
Hënn
So Sonn
Vekja -Maid
Vekje -Meid
Viyä Vjänn
Saen Dann
Hëen Denn

Verbs "to be" and "to have"Edit

To beEdit

contrarily to english but in the same way that languages as Spanish do, the verb "to be" has 2 different meanings, so, you have the verb "årmakon" which is used in temporal things like your position in the space or your state of mind, thing that usually can change easily and in the other hand you have the verb "Bjuhon" which is used in permanent situations like your gender, job, nationality, etc... therefore, you have these examples below:

Phrase Meaning
Ik ën duusma I am angry
Ik ën in alf viidakkjö amazonas I am in the amazon jungle
Ik juus spansk I am spanish
Vekjä öns studentîn We are students
Nu ënst in nëtto orsys You are in another country
Hë ënt stiffund meenjöm She is looking the moon
Vannak viyä sozjaleverkjän? Are you guys social workers?

Both verbs are irregular and have the following conjugation:

bjuhon:

Pronoun perfect preterit present future
Ik Var Juus Tämä
Nu Vast Irst Verast
Sa Vat Mejtet Vere
Vekja Varon Öns Veren
Viyä Varst Vannak Vagys
Saen Varst Vannak Vagys


årmakon:

Pronoun Perfect preterit Present Future
Ik Ëna Ën Ënera
Nu Ënast Ënst Ënerast
Sa Ëntu Ënt Ënere
Vekja Ëntes Ënto Ënyrst
Viyä Ënters Ënste Ënaren
Saen Ënters Ënste Ënaren

To haveEdit

An auxiliary verb which is usfull to know about is the verb "Hebbon" that has as equivalent the english verb "to have" and the Spanish verb "haber", but only when is use in perfects like the sentence "I have made a cake" or in phrases like "there is/there are...", so, why is this verb important? because as in german you can use the present perfect instead of using simple past. There are some examples below:

Phrase Meaning
Hebber niskan Dakan  There are a few dogs
Hebber paljen mäl Kissan There are a lot of cats
Hebber ad ĵwona frrjala? Is there a free room?
Ik heb gaîtt min gaîtte I have eaten my food
Nu hebast gaîtt sot ellöt mir You had eaten it before me
Vekja hebyrst gaîtt hvenn kaapjanés We will have eaten when we arrive
Hat Hë gakätt od elokuvo? Has she seen a movie?


Hebbon is irregular and its conjugation is downbelow:

Pronoun Perfect preterit Present Future
Ik Heba Heb Hebera
Nu Hebast Hast Heberast
Sa Hebel Hat Hebere
Vekja Hebes Hebten Hebyrst
Viyä Hebbster Hebbyr Hebbaren
Saen Hebbster Hebben Hebbaren

Then you have the other verb which has as equivalent the english one "to have", is called "Hafaton", this other is used when marking possession of something or a kind of not so strong obligation. this verb is regular, see these examples below:

Phrase Meaning
Ik hafate adim Dakam I have a dog
Ik heb gahaff melankolišen fülljen I have had melancholic feelings
Vekje haffaten mjöe maaken sot We have to make it
Nu hafaterast mjöe geffen sot segg You will have to give it to her
Hafatat sa adim niskam Suas? Does he have a little bit of water?
Faals sa hafatát, Ik kawperrju sot If he had, I would buy it
Hë hafatere saet hvenn hë vännteré She will have them whenever she want

Modal verbsEdit

there isn't too much to say about trudanjälangvig's modal verbs because all of them are regular verbs. those verbs usually end in -on instead of -en, I will explain their meanings which is the most important part anyway.

Verbs Meaning Example Translation
Hasson To hate Ik hasse bärrîten ad Rekwam I hate opening the door
Šütton To should Ik šütte îtten min Gaîttal I should eat my food
Vännton To want Nu vänntast bjodden mit, ekkivänntast nu? You want to kill me, don't you?
Säjlökon To can (to be able to) Ik ekkisäjlöke flîgen I can't fly
Praston To can (to have permision to) Praste ik dränken od nisko mäl coca-cola? Can/may I drink a little bit of coca-cola?
Kämmon To come Mama! Ik kämme å ferlaton ystävanne mine! Mum! I'm going to hang out with my friends!
Masston To must Nu masstast maaken sot! You must to make it
Dîsätton To need Hë dîsättev hjalfe än Sa ekkiënev sjellä She needed help and he wasn't there
Lëkkon To like Vekja lëkkerrjales spilljon myndskeidjaatömen We would like to play video-games
Liffon To love Ik liffe stiffen segg I love looking at her
Fabîtton Forbidden Tarly, Ik fabîtte nit ljöffen! Tarly, I forbid you to die!

ConjugationEdit

ok, there's not too much to talk about in this point, there are 3 moods: indicative, imperative and subjuntive. conjugations are below:

IndicativeEdit

ok, trudanjälangvig has 17 tenses in this mood, all of them will be explain now:

if you take any regular verb like "Awsleron", you put out the endings -on or -en and you have the root "Awsler-", so then you add the disinences for each tense.

Tenses Ik Nu Sa Vekja Viyä Saen
Present Awsler-e Awsler-ast Awsler-at Awsler-ten Awsler-an Awsler-an
Present progresive Ën awslerund Ënst awslerund Ënt awslerund Ënto awslerund Ënste awslerund Ënte awslerund
Perfect preterit Awsler-a Awsler-est Awsler-el Awsler-ett Awsler-ster Awsler-ster
Inperfect preterit Awsler-ev Awsler-ivest Awsler-ev Awsler-ebjes Awsler-ebjem Awsler-ebjem
Past progresive Ënev awslerund Ënivest awslerund Ënev awslerund Ënebjes awslerund Ënebjem awslerund Ënebjem awslerund
Future 1 Awsler-era Awsler-erast Awsler-ere Awsler-yrst Awsler-aren Awsler-aren
Future 2 Kämme å awsleron Kämmast å awsleron Kämmat å awsleron Kämmten å awsleron Kämman å awsleron Kämman å awsleron
Future progresive Ënera awslerund Ënerast awslerund Ënere awslerund Ënyrst awslerund Ënaren awslerund Ënaren awslerund
Present perfect Heb awgasler Hast awgasler Hat awgasler Hebbten awgasler Heban awgasler Heban awgasler
Present perfect progresive Heb gaårm awslerund Hast gaårm awslerund Hat gaårm awslerund Hebbten gaårm awslerund Heban gaårm awslerund Heban gaårm awslerund
Past perfect Heba awgasler Hebest awgasler Hebel awgasler Hebbyts awgasler Hebster awgasler Hebster awgasler
Past perfect progresive Heba gaårm awslerund Hebest gaårm awslerund Hebel gaårm awslerund Hebbyts gaårm awslerund Hebster gaårm awslerund Hebster gaårm awslerund
Future perfect Heber awgasler Heberst awgasler Hebert awgasler Hebbyrst awgasler Hebaren awgasler Hebaren awgasler
Future perfect progresive Heber gaårm awslerund Heberst gaårm awslerund Hebert gaårm awslerund Hebbyrst gaårm awslerund Hebaren gaårm awslerund Hebaren gaårm awslerund
Future conditional Awsler-errju Awsler-errjast Awsler-errjat Awsler-errjales Awsler-errjak Awsler-errjak
Past future  Kämmev å awsleron Kämmivest å awsleron Kämmev å awsleron Kämmebjes å awsleron Kämmebjem å awsleron Kämmebjem å awsleron

imperativeEdit

Verb Positive Negative
Geffen Geff! Ekkigeff!

Is actually easy to understand, by using the verb "Geffen" (give) you take the ending -en away and then you got the imperative positive "Geff" (give!) and then by adding the negative adverb ekki- so it turns "Ekkigeff" (don't give!).

Genders - GendanEdit

Luckily for you there are easy ways to know the gender of any word in Trudanjälangvig because there are stricted ending's rules which are about to be explain below:

Masculine Femenine Neuter
-a -e -o
-ist -arr
-(f)jö -(rr)jä -(h)ej
-hi -al
-ys
-ju
  • Ok, as is not obvious I'm gonna explain it, in masculine and feminine each ending has an equivalent in the other gender (thing that doesn't happen with neuter).
  • Then, every noun or adjective which has another sort of ending shall be neuter.

Cases - FallenEdit

As I said before, this language has 5 declinations called cases, are ways to modify the nouns, pronouns and articles depending on the roll that they represent into the sentence.

the cases are presented by adding the following suffixes:

Vowel Diphthong Consonant
Nominative Ø Ø Ø
Accusative -m -n -im
Dative -kå Ø -it
Genitive -s -s -ar
Instrumental -he -fë -ne








  • "Ø" means none suffix.

Nominative - NominativEdit

VocabularyEdit

Animals - IläjmenEdit

English Trudanjälangvig English Trudanjälangvig English Trudanjälangvig
Ape Affe Fish Fisk Polar bear Issysbjärna
Baboon Pavjön Fox Räve Rabbit Konina
Badger Grävse Frog Grådsk Rat Råtte
Bear Bjärna Giraffe Giraffa Rhino Nejshörn
Bison Visonta Goat Zejt Salmon Laxe
Capybara Vasseršwejne Hippo Flojdffärd Shark Hëkaj
Cat Kötte Horse Färd Sheep Šaffe
Cow Kyrist Human Männskys Snake Šnajge
Deer Dëdirše Lion Lywjon Tiger Tyger
Dog Hunta Lizard Ajdla Turtle Škildpade
Dolphin Hawfrung Louse Lusse Whale Wajllist
Elephant Fijl Mouse Mëssa Wolf Warge

Numbers - ZhindoenEdit

Trudanjälangvig Null An Zajd Triss Fajd Fün Sajk Syf Åkt Njun Täkk Urf Zölf
Numbers 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12


Trudanjälangvig Tritäkk Fajtäkk Füntäkk Sajtäkk Syftäkk Åkttäkk Njuntäkk Zuny
Numbers 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20


Trudanjälangvig Zunnyan Zunnyzajd Zunnytriss Zunnyfajd Zunnyfün Zunnysajk
Numbers 21 22 23 24 25 26


Trudanjälangvig Trîny Fajny Füny Sajny Syfny Åkny Njuny Hundet
Numbers 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100


Trudanjälangvig Zajdhundet Trihundet Fajdhundet Fünhundet Tjusen Zajtjusen Tritjusen Fajdtjusen Füntjusen
Numbers 200 300 400 500 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000


Example number:  3.567     -       Tritjusenfünhundetänsajnnysyf.

Example text - Esmarkist texteEdit

The lord's prayer - Od drottinejs sangesEdit

And now, I'll show you the trudanjälangvig version of the well-known "lord's prayer":

Trudanjälangvig IPA English

Fatjä jann mjöe ënst in adim skënim, gavilss meesé dinn name, afôrést jagg dinn rekkistim. Maakést dinn hapfalim. Åls in ed varde fees in ad skë. Geff jagg dîss tage jann tagjenal breyttim, än kirjoytt jagg jann äbetwanim, åls vekja kirjoytten hvökån äbetwan jagg, ekkijättä fallen in ed rrëšte, warel odar jaktalar. Zhaell.

/fa.tjä jan: mjøe ajnst in a.dim skaj.nim ga.vils: me:.sé din: na.me a.foj.rést jag din: ɾe.kis.tim ma:.kést din: ha.pfa.lim ɔls in ed vaɾ.ðe fe:s in ad skaj gef jag dɪ:s: ta.ge jan: ta.gje.nal bɾeʏ.tim än ki.ɾjoʏt jag jan: ä.be.tʊa.nim ɔls ve.kja ki.ɾjoʏ.ten vø.kɔn ä.be.tʊan jag e.kɪ.jä.tä fa.len in ed rajʃ.te wa.ɾel o.ðaɾ jak.ta.laɾ θa.el/

Our Father who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us, and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil. Amen.

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