Tunisan Creole is one of several conlangs created by Sraemoyes for her novels-in-progress. Another, Fylosan, has largely been added to Conlang Wikia.
| Tunisan Creole|
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
As all creoles, Tunisan Creole started as a pidgin.
Once upon a time, there was a tribe of Twanic people calling themselves the Umili. They had settled on the Umili River at western the edge of the Fylosan Mountain Range. They entered into a trade agreement and political alliance with a clan of river dragons who acted as pirates. They spoke to each other using a pidgin form of the Twanic language.
By the time that the Umili and the river dragons formed a country they called Tunisa, there were several native speakers. Although Twanic remained a ceremonial language, Tunisan Creole became the official academic and business language of the young country.
It had two dialects to start off with - a human dialect with sounds and expressions carried over from the Twanic language, and a dragon dialect with sounds and expressions carried over from the Fylosan language. However, the number of dialects grew rapidly as Tunisa started annexing its neighbors and forcing its language upon them.
The only sounds that may end a syllable are vowels, /l/, and nasals.
/ɛ/ may only touch another vowel when it's preceding /i/.
Stress is usually determined by the first syllable. However, syllables with diphthongs will always be stressed.
Twanic lacked a written system when the Umili first traded with the river dragons, but it was quick to borrow - and adapt - Fylosan. Tunisan Creole does use logographs in its highest registers, but it has an alpha-syllabary for every day use.
The alpha-syllabary comes in two scripts: a "grave" script for carving; and a "brush" script for ink and paint.
As there is no spacing between words, all the characters that may appear at the end of the word also have a word-final form to signal word boundaries. These word-final forms appear in both scripts. A chart will be given later.
|Sound(s)||/ɯ/||/ɯl/ /lɯ/||/Rɯ/||/ɑ/||/ɑl/ /lɑ/||/Rɑ/||/ɛ/||/ɛl/ /lɛ/||/Rɛ/||/i/||/il/ /li/||/Ri/|
Tunisan Creole has seven personal pronouns: one exclusive first person pronoun (meaning that the addressee is excluded); one inclusive first person pronoun (meaning that the addressee is included); one second person pronoun; one third person masculine pronoun, an artifact from Twanic's two-gender system, used to refer to biological males; one third person feminine pronoun, another artifact from Twanic, used to refer to biological females; one interrogative pronoun; and one indeterminate pronoun, for unknown parties and anything that is not covered by any other pronoun.
These words are also used as possessive pronouns.
|First person exclusive||sei|
|First person inclusive||bei|
|Third person masculine||bese|
|Third person feminine||ni|
Occassionally, nouns might inflect for inclusivity and exclusivity. When this happens, they will attach -se to the end of a noun for exclusivity and -be for inclusivity. However, nouns do not normally inflect at all.
fil - mountain
sei filse- my/our mountain; not yours, his, hers, etc.
vel filse - somebody else's mountain
sei filbe - our mountain
vel filbe - everybody's mountain
Proper names do not act as nouns.
Verbs may take one of two tenses: past or present/future.
Past - add -zali to the base.
Present/future - base, dictionary form.
geka - come
gekazali - came
Tunisan Creole has no copula.
Adjectives come before nouns.
Quantifiers come before nouns. They come before adjectives if present.
Prepositions come before nouns. They come before any present quantifiers and adjectives as well.
Adverbs come before verbs.
Negation comes before the thing it negates. In a verb phrase with adverbs, it comes before the adverbs.
With verbs that take three arguments, direct objects must always come before indirect objects.
Clause markers come at the very beginning of their clause.
One/first - kasi
Two - deza
Three - tuasi
Five - men
Agita - Yukalitan (adj) (derogatory). (Yukalita is a neighboring country.)
Agitana - Yukalitan (person) (derogatory).
Amlon - to poison; poisonous; venomous.
Amlona - poison (n); a poison.
Amlonkara - Poison Dragon (a highly venomous breed of mountain dragon).
Ansu - to believe; to trust; to have faith in; faithful
Ansuna - belief; trust; faith; believer
Aumigia - to rock
Asei - to teach/to educate; to use magic; educational; magical
Aseina - education; magic
Aunua - to reside/to dwell/to live; to protect; to swear allegiance to; residential; protective; loyal
Aunuanau - a soldier
Auzo - occurring in; located in.
Boken - to be loyal; patriotic
Bokenbo - patriotism
Den - to set fire; to build a fire; to breathe fire onto something
Denden - a maintained fire
Dentui - to lose control; out-of-control
Dentuiden - a wildfire
Dentuni - (name of a city in Tunisa)
Depen - alternative; foreign; non-official; rebellious; to rebel
Depende - an alternative culture or lifestyle; a foreign culture; a non-official language in a country; a subculture
Desi - to carve; to excavate
Deside - a mine
Deza - two
Dilau - quality of life; lifestyle
Dilauni - to succeed; successful
Dilaunidi - success
Dilesni - to live/to survive; living
Dilesnidi - life (in general); survival; a living being
Dirosin - life expectancy
Ege - to cover; water-proof
Egene - skin; scales
Ekoria - to fall in love; to get to know; romantic
Ekoriane - romantic love; a friend (platonic)
Ekosi - to tell; to testify in court
Ekosine - a claim; an accusation
Elei - to fell a tree
Eleine - lumber; log; trunk
Eleite - a lumberjack
Elmi - to go; to travel; far/distant
Elmipala - to relocate (on royal orders)
Elminel - a journey, travel, a trip
En - too; excessively; extra; to exceed
Enen - an extra; a surplus/the surplus; excess
Esel - up
Esel ul - in the tree
Eule - to have offspring; related
Eulesu - a family; a relative
Euteiki - near/close (physical distance); to stay
Eutel - Yukalita (a neighboring country); Yukalitan (adjective)
Eutelneu - a Yukalitan
Euvi - to lie/to deceive/to trick; false; deceitful; deceptive
Euvifa - a lie; a deception; a trick
Ezi - to sleep
Ezil - white; to whiten
Ezul - a cradle; to cradle. Note: this is a Twanic compound "ez" (modern "ezi") and "ul." The second word of this compound got the stress, so "e ZUL," not "E zul."
Fan - a root (plants)
Fil - a mountain
Finse - an era
Fu - a potion
Fuka - to turn into a dragon
Fukara - a dragon descended from humans
Fune - to turn into a human
Funebem - a human descended from dragons
Gaife - when
Gari - to love/to commit to; committed; deligent
Gariave - the mouth of a river
Gariga - to marry for love
Garigari - a marriage for love
Garin - to eat; edible
Garinga - food
Geka.1 - a citizen
Geka.2 - to come; native;
Gekage - an arrival. (An event or an arriving boat.)
Gifa - to play; fun
Gifagi - a game
Gileuke - to imagine; creative; imaginative
Gileukegi - imagination; creativity
Gomua - a dragon chief
Gomuavula - any high-ranking dragon who is not a chief
Guagua - a citizen from newly annexed territory; a first-generation citizen (short version)
Guaka - a citizen from newly annexed territory; a first-generation citizen (derogatory)
Guavuoge - to annex
Guavuogegua - a citizen from newly annexed territory; a first-generation citizen (long version)
Guazau - regional
Guazel - Gwazori (an island-based nation)
Guazelte - the Gwazori Archipelago
Im - to see; visible
Imim - vision; eyesight
Iosu - to treat well; nice; kind; gentle
Iosunio - kindness; gentleness; a favor
Ivuase - to meet; acquainted.
Ivuaseni - an acquaintance.
Kan - the mouth of a river (place names only)
Kara - a dragon
Kasi - one; first; originally.
Kasun - a general; a commanding officer
Kaulva - good (generic); high-quality
Kaulvakau - the quality
Kegeguifo - to buy; to sell
Kegeguifoke - business
Kiluge - fast/speedy (for land speed); to run
Kua.1 - meat; muscle
Kua.2 - vicious; cruel; evil
Kuakua - a tyrant
Kue - masculine
Kuete - a male
La - a child; a pup; an infant; a seedling
Laboka - Laboka (a breed of forest dragon; also the name of a language primarily spoken by Labokas)
Lauseite - to benefit; beneficial; healthy
Lauseilau - a benefit; health
Lausileite - an adviser; a member of the royal household
Leige - to experience; seasoned; experienced
Leigelei - an experience; experience (N)
Leke - a star
Leozo - to decompose/decay/rot; rotten
Lepe - persuasive; true (not false); correct; wise; to persuade; to correct (factually); to advise
Lepele - truth; wisdom; persuasion
Li.1 - sentient/intelligent
Li.2 - to pirate
Li.3 - river (in names only)
Libui - a year; yearly
Libuisikevo - a birthday
Lika - a pirate
Lilel - down; under; to fall
Lili - delivery service; postal service
Lite - a border; territory
Lontuaze - a type of Tunisan pole-arm
Lua - (negation)
Luatui - a developmental problem where a dragon does not know how to access its fire; a pup with this disorder
Luvi - a blade; a knife; a sword
Mamel - to make/to force to do
Man - a house (*obsolete)
Megen - stone; rock; a stone; a rock
Mei - question marker.
Mekueka - Mekwek (name of a neighboring country).
Mel - to have something done
Mela - to hatch (for species of lesser intelligence)
Melmel - a service
Men - five
Merei - to laugh; to smile; happy
Mereime - laughter; a smile; happiness
Mia - to argue; to debate; loud; out-spoken
Miamia - an argument; a debate
Mide - a church (building); a shrine
Mie - but
Mikei - all; every
Mil.1 - a limb (not plants)
Mil.2 - sacred; holy; to worship
Milmil - a church (organization); a religion; any set of codified religious beliefs
Milsuan - the afterlife
Mipel.1 - a fishing boat; a fish
Mipel.2 - a person who is cold and unfeeling
Mitisun - a foreigner
Muate - yes
Muel - to owe
Muelse - a debt; money; tribute
Na.1 - about that (discourse marker)
Na.2 - a dragon den (dialectal).
Na.3 - to carve out a den; sizeable.
Nana - a dragon den.
Nata - to pave; to build a wall; paved
Natana - stone paving; stone walls; tiled roofing; a tile (construction); a tile (game piece)
Nebem - a human citizen
Ne - to read; literate; legible; literary
Nede - a book; a textbook
Nel - the sun; bright; to shine
Neo - a spouse
Neokue - manly; masculine
Neokueta - a husband
Neopeu - a wife
Neosuel - a school
Netuimide - a university
Ni - to break
Niteke - affluent; rich; to inherit
Nitekene - inheritance
Nua - to construct
Nuate - a building
Pala - a government; to govern
Pesi - to call/to name; famous.
Pesikuepe - a human male (shorter form of the word).
Pesipe.1 - a name.
Pesipe.2 - selfish
Pesipua - personal; private; shy; reserved; to hide; to conceal
Pesipuakuete - a human male (official form of the word).
Pesipuapeu - a human female.
Peu - female; a female.
Pil - definitely not
Pimdi - oppressive; to oppress
Pimdipim - a champion; a winner (carries the sense of "at someone else's expense.")
Pisa - dangerous; to endanger
Pisapi - a danger (also used to cry for help)
Rekua - to excel; superior; supremacy
Sekuete - a human boy; a young, male dragon
Senal - beautiful; good-looking; handsome; pretty.
Senalse - a beauty (person); a crush.
Senalsen - a beauty (person); a crush (dialectal).
Sike - well-lit; to light; to carve lighting runes into something.
Sikevo - a light.
Sim - a dragon clan
Sisipin - a minority group
Sizi - to have/to own; rich.
Sizisi - ownership; rich person.
Sodei - a mixed-species military unit
Sual - to sail; to drift
Sualsei - a boat (in general)
Ta - an egg (of intelligent species)
Tage.1 - (unit of weight)
Tage.2 - mighty; physically strong; to lift (something heavy)
Tageta - physical strength
Taltal - a promise; a reputation
Talval - a family name; a law
Talvaltal - to promise
Taramau - the rapids
Taramia - fast (when traveling through air or water); a type of river boat
Teifa - to fly
Teil - alone; lonely; single (relationship status)
Teilteil - a bachelor; a bachelorette
Tesi - (Tunisan currency)
Tuafim - a human king; a human queen
Tuasi - three
Tuaze - pole-arms (in general)
Tui - dragon fire; dragon magic in general
Tunisa - (name of country)
Tunisa - the Tunisan Peninsula
Tureso - (name of a Tunisan terrorist organization)
Ua - a shield or a weapon intended for dragon use
Uakel - a river
Uam - military food; military rations; dry (food); pickled (food); disgusting; unappetizing; yuck; to pickle
Uamuam - a pickle
Uamoma.1 - a foundling
Uamoma.2 - a creature of Fylosan mythology
Uasua - (the name of the continent on which Tunisa and most of its neighboring countries hold the majority of their territory)
Ueno - by (time)
Ufi - to tell a story; fantastical
Ufinu - a story
Ugel - to annoy; to bother; annoying; a nuisance (person); a jerk (person)
Ui - to descriminate; bigoted; discriminatory; unfair
Uilo - a bigot; bigotry; discrimination
Ukalita - the Yukalitan language
Ul - a tree; wood; to plant
Ulul.1 - a plant (dialectal)
Ulul - wood (dialectal)
Umin - Umili University (abbreviation)
Use - a map; well laid-out
Useikeil - to bend over
Useikeilnu - a hunchback
Usiga - soil; earth
Ulveioka - here
Va - as (not time)
Val - from the direction of; originating from; through the means of
Vasia - to know (a fact)
Velein - the wind; to blow
Vitua - to hit; to lunge; to sweep (combat); to swing in a horizontal motion); to swipe (combat)
Vos - preposition for all generalities (dialectal)
Vosa.1 - preposition general time or location
Vosa.2 - preposition for precise location
Vuadi - to calm/to calm down; calm/peaceful; hello.
Vuadivau - peace.
Vual - to do
Vuisite - hard (not soft)
Vuadi. Sei sizi pesipe _____. Hello. My name is _____. (Lit. I have the name _____.)
Sei kasi gekazali val _____. I'm from _____. (Lit. I originally came from _____.)
Mei sen kasi gekazali val ti? Where are you from?
Pesikuepe kasi gekazali val tunisa. The man is from Tunisa.
Auzo mekueka bese ivuasezali senal pesipuapeu. He met a beautiful woman in Mekwek.
Fun Translation Edit
*Of course, this doesn't actually exist in-universe.
Rock-a-Bye Baby Edit
Aumigia la esel ul, Rocking child in the tree,
sen velein aumigia ezul. for you, the wind will rock the cradle.
Gaife ul ni, lilel sen When the tree breaks, under you
vuisite usiga, megen. will be hard earth and stone.