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Umbrean/Lessons/06 Adjectives

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So now you know how to do Transitive sentences, Intransitive sentence and have an indirect object in both of them. Meaning you know what is called a tripartite language (Subjects and objects in all 2 cases are marked differently as seen). But as we all know that is not enough, you need to be able to stick adjectives on nouns and thats what we will go through here.

AdjectivesEdit

If youve learned something so far you should not expect this being a dance on roses and correct it is not. Just like english one would say "The black tooth" so is it said in umbrean

** dövnudl
**- -** dövn- -udl
Black/
Dark
Living
Singular
Positive
tooth Living
Singular
Undefined
Ergative
A black/dark tooth

as one notice in this example the adjective (Tjygni) takes on an ending which must matche the noun in everything but the case, the gender and number. The positive thing is another feature they can take on, positive means it is its standard meaning (even if we percieve it as negative) while a negative one woudl mean the opposite, similar to how english say more or less beautiful and so on. Fortunately adjectives have no inheritated gender and simply takes on the suffix matching the gender of the noun. Down here is a list of the ones used for the base, as in not comperative (redder)

Predicate
Temporative Permanent
Positive Negative Positive Negative
Base -onl -ëdv
Comparative -im -iam -fsan -nsië


How would one say the darker tooth? It is the same except one use the comperative set of suffixes, and darkest is yet again the same except using the same suffixes since they are one and the same, all can be found here but i will give example of all three down here

Form Umbrean English
Base Tjygniuvö döndiudh A dark tooth
Comperative/Superlative Tjygnizu döndiudh A darker tooth

Predicative adjectivesEdit

Dear lord another long complicated word, it literaly refers to adjectives after copulas (to be verbs).

Such as "The house is red".

In umbrean there is a way to achive that though it is not similar to how english does it.

It is done by adding the predicate ending and then treat it as an intransitive verb. If indirect object is used it means in base for "as much as X"

Form Flat Indirect
Umbrean English Umbrean English
Base Döndiul Tjygnioyömavy A tooth is dark Döndiul dhañiovü tjygnioyömavyni A tooth is as dark as coal
Comperative Döndiul Tjygniimömavy A tooth is very dark Döndiul dhañiovü tjygniimömavyni A tooth is darker than coal

Temporary one means the state is jsut temporary and permanent is somethign that is inherent to the object or person. Negative refers to less of the adjective while positive refers to more of it

This construction may also be used to say "He is very red" by using comperative form with without indirect object.

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