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Umbrean/Tables

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VoicesEdit

Voices are modified through cases

Name Position Usage
Agent Patient Postposition
Active Ergative Accusative Dative Standard
Anti-Passive Intransitive - - Focus on the Agent
Deletes patient
Passive - Intransitive - Focus on Patient
Deletes Agent
Applicative Voice - - Ergative + Postposition root Focus on postposition
Middle Voice Reflexive
  • To indicate it was done to, by them/itself
  • That an event occures to the object for no reason or seemingly so.
  • The true subject is unknown

Verb AgreementEdit

MagicalEdit


LivingEdit


ArtificialEdit


Non-MovingEdit

InfinitiveEdit

Denotes the action as a noun.

Gender
Magical Living Artificial Non-moving
Undefined Erg -aǧ -uz -y -üv
Acc -adzm -ösm -myy -om
Int -nni -özn -ne -nü
Dat -aak -ŋii -ŋek -oŋ
Ref -aps -öks -ëfp -öffs
Defined Erg -akǧ -uzd -yppj -üvb
Acc -adz -össmi -myyt -osm
Int -niis -özni -net -nüǧ
Dat -aakt -ŋiit -ŋekt -oŋj
Ref -apssj -ööks -ëft -öfft

GerundEdit

Gerund form of a verb is used to form noun phrases and changes according to tense

ParticiplesEdit

Verb formsEdit

Adjectival Modality
Passive Active
Gerundive -pi -psi
Supine -döti -dötši
Abilitative -mŋi -mma
Permissative -do -dzoo
Possabilitative -my -mǧy
Advisabilitative -ŋu -ŋtu
Prohobitative -tko -tto
Hypothetical -efu -effsu
Potensial
/Optative
-amü -amtü
Dubative -ëǧǧa -ëǧta
Conditional
Verbal Modality
Passive Active
Gerundive -pim -psim
Supine -dösm -döşm
Abilitative -mim -mam
Permissative -dom -dzüm
Possabilitative -mym -mǧym
Advisabilitative -ŋum -ŋtum
Prohobitative -tkom -ttom
Hypothetical -efum -effsum
Potensial
/Optative
-amüm -amom
Dubative -ëǧǧam -ëǧtam
Conditional

All of these transforms the verb into an adjective like form which can also be used as nouns with copulas and is used for modality.

  • Gerundive: Marks that the noun it modifies is needs or ought to be the object of the verb
  • Abilative: Marks that the noun it modifies is can or is able to be the object of the verb
  • Permissative: Marks that the noun it modifies has the permission to be the object of the verb
  • Possabilitative: Marks that the noun it modifies is possibly the object of the verb
  • Advisabilitative: Marks that the noun it modifies is adviced to be the object of the verb
  • Prohobative: Marks that the noun it modifies forbidden to be the object of the verb
  • Hypothetical: Marks that the noun it modifies could be the object of the verb
  • Potensial/Optative: Marks that the noun it modifies probably is or is wanted to be the object of the verb
  • Dubative: Marks that the noun it modifies doubtfully is the object of the verb
  • Conditional: Marks that the noun it modifies conditionally is the object of the verb

Declension tableEdit

Umbrean nouns are declined according to whether they are defined or undefined, which case they are, which gender and if its singular, Paucal and plural according to this table if they are regular


Name Amount
Singular 1
Paucal 2-6
Plural 6<
Case Declension
First Second Third
Mag Liv Art Non Mag Liv Art Non Mag Liv Art Non
Singular
Erg -asj -ösj -y -üfj -ia -aö -ny -ios -az -ösj -iz -üv
Acc -am -aöm -ymm -öm -amii -aöm -nym -om -adzm -ödz -izz -üvz
Int -aë -öë -aë -aü -ëi -aö -oë -am -özm -yzzm -üfjm
Dat -na -nöö -ny -nü -ina -naö -nnë -nio -ǧa -ǧös -ǧyz -ǧüv
Ref -ap -ub -yyp -op -apj -ab -nyp -op -ag -ök -ygb -ǧüm
Paucal
Erg -ssi -zu -ös -fji -asi -ös -en -sio -zi -uz -iv -üv
Acc -ami -ömi -ym -ëmü -immi -ami -ym -iom -azmi -özmi -imi -üvmi
Int -ni -ön -enëë -nlü -ni -anö -unë -ion -naz -ösj -niz -nlü
Dat -ŋŋa -ŋii -ënn -ŋü -ŋii -ŋii -ëni -ŋo -ŋaz -ŋuz -ŋiv ŋüü
Ref -pja -pja -pe -bü -pë -öp -up -pjo -bla -pjösj -bez -pav
Plural
Erg -im -öfm -im -üm -iasm -ösm -in -üfm -ma -mö -mi -mü
Acc -ömm -umni -ymii -ëmn -inn -amn -ymii -omn -ënaz -ënöz -ëmiz -eŋüv
Int -avl -övv -ivli -üffj -avj -ivli -nvli -iof -azz -öss -izz -üüv
Dat -aa -öşaa -yş -üşi -aa -öşaa -nşi -oşi -dza -dzösj -dziz -şjü
Ref -ia -öǧin -iǧǧi -üüž -iǧa -öin -iǧǧ -iǧ -aǧ -ǧös -ǧiz -ǧü
Defintiveness Suffix
First Second Third
Sg Pc Pl Sg Pc Pl Sg Pc Pl
Proximal
Definite
Erg -t -t -eet -t -ttu -yyt -d -d -d
Acc -n -nn -n -n -n -n -gu -gg -g
Int -kt -ük -ük -tk -tu -ta -i -ti -d
Dat -m -m -um -mm -m -m -dd -dd -dd
Ref -s -şyy -s -ss -sa -sja -d -t
Medial Erg -tly -tly -otta -taa -tta -yta -dy -dy -dy
Acc -nu -nnü -nu -nu -nu -nu -gu -ggy -gyy
Int -kttjë -kttë -kttjë -tkö -tkö -tkö -isj -isj -izj
Dat -mu -mu -mu -mmu -muu -muu -dii -dii -dii
Ref -şy -şy -şyy -sa -ssa -sa -şy -şy -şy
Distal Erg -töf -töf -ötëf -şja -şja -yşja -dzy -dzy -dzy
Acc -nutt -nnüt -nutt -nutt -nutt -nutt -gus -ggys -gyys
Int -ktës -ktës -ktës -tkjöǧ -tkjöǧ -tköǧ -iss -iss -izz
Dat -mup -mup -mmup -mup -mup -mup -iidz -iidz -iidz
Ref -şyfj -şyf -şyf -şyfj -şyf -şyf -şyfj -şyfj -şyf
Possessive Suffix
First Decl Second Decl Third Decl
Sg Pc Pl Sg Pc Pl Sg Pc Pl
First Person Sg -dda -diss -dastl
Pc -şo -şoom -şomm
Pl -žu -žüş -ždüşj
Second Person Sg -na -nisj -nasttl
Pc -mo -moş -mmoş
Pl -pse -psse -pem
Third Person Sg -fta -ftiis -ftast
Pc -ffo -ffjoo -fjom
Pl -kso -ksi -ksüş
Predicate
Temporative Permanent
P N P N
Base -m -z
Comparative -mm -nm -zm -zn

OrderEdit

  1. quality
  2. quantity
  3. size
  4. age
  5. opinion
  6. shape
  7. color
  8. proper adjective (often nationality, other place of origin, or material)
  9. purpose or qualifier

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