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Umbrean Lessons/15 Participles

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Participles, now what could that possibly ever be? To put it simple, it is when you make a verb into the form of an adjective, such as "a walking dog", or noun "the one/thing that walks", Umbrean is quite rich on using this so lets gets started.


Meaning can differ quite alot depending on when in the verb manipulation the participle ending is applied, at the bare root, after tempus ending or after person agreement

Noun participles are always treated as a noun and adjective ones as adjectives in pure form.

Bare rootEdit

If it is applied on the bare root it is in a more general fashion in the fashion of that they have that property and tempus is irrelevant. It can be roughly translated as something having the property of, purpose of or similar.

Noun ParticiplesEdit

Type Umbrean English
Main Nov'anlu loymav'y si The person which was hit is falling

AdjectivalEdit

Umbrean English
Välëñycha gsamvoyyl Display window
window meant for being seen

TempusEdit

Noun ParticiplesEdit

When noun participle endings are placed after the tempus suffix it takes on the meaning of "the one/thing that X" where X is the verb in question it is used on

Type Umbrean English
Main Nov'anlu loymav'y si The person which was hit is falling

AdjectivalEdit

If on the other hand adjective endings are used it is similar to "Xing" in meaning such as "walking dog" or "walked dog" etc but can be used for all aspects and tempuses it naturally already have hence rendering an entire adjective phrase into a single word, such as "a dog which will be walking" is rendered by 2 words

AgreementEdit

There isnt much meaning differens except a tiny sentence can be composed instead, "the one who punched me" can be one word and "which will be punching me" aswell but it only applies to when personal pronoun erasings.

Noun ParticiplesEdit

Type Umbrean English
Main Nov'anlu loymav'y si The person which was hit is falling

AdjectivalEdit

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