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Umbrean Lessons/15 Verb Forms

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ParticipleEdit

Participles, now what could that possibly ever be? To put it simple, it is when you make a verb into the form of an adjective, such as "a walking dog", or noun "the one/thing that walks", Umbrean is quite rich on using this so lets gets started.


Meaning can differ quite alot depending on when in the verb manipulation the participle ending is applied, at the bare root, after tempus ending or after person agreement

Noun participles are always treated as a noun and adjective ones as adjectives in pure form.

Bare rootEdit

If it is applied on the bare root it is in a more general fashion in the fashion of that they have that property and tempus is irrelevant. It can be roughly translated as something having the property of, purpose of or similar.

Noun ParticiplesEdit

Type Umbrean English
Main Nov'anlu loymav'y si The person which was hit is falling

AdjectivalEdit

Umbrean English
Välëñycha gsamvoyyl Display window
window meant for being seen

TempusEdit

Noun ParticiplesEdit

When noun participle endings are placed after the tempus suffix it takes on the meaning of "the one/thing that X" where X is the verb in question it is used on

Type Umbrean English
Main Nov'anlu loymav'y si The person which was hit is falling

AdjectivalEdit

If on the other hand adjective endings are used it is similar to "Xing" in meaning such as "walking dog" or "walked dog" etc but can be used for all aspects and tempuses it naturally already have hence rendering an entire adjective phrase into a single word, such as "a dog which will be walking" is rendered by 2 words

AgreementEdit

There isnt much meaning differens except a tiny sentence can be composed instead, "the one who punched me" can be one word and "which will be punching me" aswell but it only applies to when personal pronoun erasings.

Noun ParticiplesEdit

Type Umbrean English
Main Nov'anlu loymav'y si The person which was hit is falling

AdjectivalEdit

GerundEdit

Gerund form is a form of a verb used to refer to the verb action itself in a noun form.

In umbrean it is used in 2 ways

Pure GerundEdit

Pure gerund simply refers to the very action itself, if used on the bare root it means an action in general while if after tempus it refers to the action in that tempus

Umbrean English
Meaning Literal
Chaahzbjayl ëdhihsömydhügn I like driving Driving is pleasing me

Noun ClauseEdit

Gerund form is also used to mark noun clauses and is placed after person agreement

SupineEdit

Supine is indicating what purpose a verb was done for in the sense of another verb.

FormsEdit

Supine comes in a few forms

Adjective which is when adjective participle form is used on the bare root, it describes what purpose something serves

Välëñyña Gsamvoyyf = Display window, Window with the purpose of being seen

Verbal describes more the purpose of a verb and is hence the true Supine form

SupineEdit

Like so much in umbrean Supine is marked by ending on the verb which differ depends on its gender and is placed in the position of postpositions

Unlike normal verb these cannot take personal agreement and hence persons must be placed out

Anian noviwu oovinösikhsi = I walked to punch him
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