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Conlang

Underlandish

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Underlandish
Frabjoushish
Type
Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
Yes
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
3 (kind of)
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n ŋ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ h
Affricate tʃ dʒ
Approximant r j w
Lateral app. l


VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
Close iː ɪ uː ʊ
Mid ɛ~e ɜː ə ɔː
Open æ ʌ ɑː ɒ


DiphthongsEdit

Closing Centring
ɪə
ɔɪ ɔə
əʊ

AlphabetEdit

Letter Pronunciation
A /æ/, /ʌ/, /ɑː/, /ɒ/
B /b/
C /k/, /s/, /tʃ/
D /d/, /dʒ/
E /ɛ~e/, /ɜː/, /ə/
F /f/
G /g/, /dʒ/, /ŋ/
H /h/, /θ/, /ð/, /ʃ/, /tʃ/
I /iː/, /ɪ/
J /dʒ/
K /k/
L /l/
M /m/
N /n/, /ŋ/
O /ɔː/, /ʊ/, /uː/
P /p/, /f/
Q /k/, /kw/
R /r/
S /s/, /ʃ/, /z/, /ʒ/, /tʃ/
T /t/, /θ/, /ð/, /tʃ/
U /uː/, /ʊ/, /ʌ/, /ə/, /j/
V /v/
W /w/, /h/
X /ks/, /gz/
Y /j/, /ɪ/, /iː/, //
Z /z/, /ʒ/

PhonotacticsEdit

(C)(C)V(C)(C) is the common/basic syllable structure. Some common consonant clusters would include:

ck
br
sl
th
mb
gr
sh
fl
ph
rp
nx
wh
lg
fr
ch
tw
st
ng

ToneEdit

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.

There are three tones, which have three different symbols. These three symbols are as follows: acute accent ( ´ ), macron ( ¯ ), and grave accent ( ` ). All it takes to change the tone of a word is one of these symbols above any one vowel in that word. So, the acute denotes a rising tone, the macron makes the word have a normal, one pitch tone, and finally, the grave indicates a lowering tone, going from at least mid-high down to a lower pitch tone.

In the lexicon/dictionary of this language, the tone of every word will have at least one of the symbols mentioned above. Truly, it does not matter which vowel they go over (as mentioned above), so they will be written in a form shown below:

word ˜ [m]

(the m will be explained lower)

It just so happens to be that in the word word the only vowel is but we now know that if word had more vowels in it, the macron ( ˜ ) could be written above any vowel.

Now, the whole point of the tonal system in this language is to denote gender. Much like German, there are three genders, but in this conlang, it is simply defined as/called tone. In German, the three genders are masculine, feminine, and neuter. In this conlang, they are raising, middling, and lowering. Above, you see and example word. The m stands for middling. This is just for confirmation that the word is, in fact, a one pitch tone. So, if that word above was written to have a grave accent, but had an [r] next to it, that would simply be incorrect.

GrammarEdit

This article or section requires fix up.
It will be done soon.
Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No


NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

BasisEdit

The constituent of this language is formed from this poem, by Lewis Carroll:

JabberwockyEdit

by Lewis Carroll


’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.


“Beware the Jabberwock, my son!
The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!
Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun
The frumious Bandersnatch!”


He took his vorpal sword in hand;
Long time the manxome foe he sought—
So rested he by the Tumtum tree
And stood awhile in thought.


And, as in uffish thought he stood,
The Jabberwock, with eyes of flame,
Came whiffling through the tulgey wood,
And burbled as it came!


One, two! One, two! And through and through
The vorpal blade went snicker-snack!
He left it dead, and with its head
He went galumphing back.


“And hast thou slain the Jabberwock?
Come to my arms, my beamish boy!
O frabjous day! Callooh! Callay!”
He chortled in his joy.


’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves
Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:
All mimsy were the borogoves,
And the mome raths outgrabe.

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