This is a work in progress, expected to be finished by March 2015
Dhé Unitiken Windexous
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
An imaginary language created for few people who decided that talking in English was too mainstream. Its grammar is heavily based on English, with only one or two exceptions
Nah.. Created for a novel currently in writing (for pleasure) as a language used by the people living on the planet Earthy. The planet Earthy is created in an imaginary world, partially resembling Coruscant in Star Wars. It is the Lingua Franca there the same way English is the Lingua Franca here. Unitico is the democratic republic that surrounds the entire planet, hence the name of the language being Unitican. It is around 3000 years old, so has gone through many eliminations to make the language easier and simpler to write and say (though the alphabetical system remains awful).
My classmates, friends and I (mistaknomore) [we live in Singapore] use this language to talk amongst ourself during online gaming to prevent others from knowing what we are saying. Personally, I use it to write diary entries. Amongst ourselves, we usually use less than 500 words, as my friends are not very acquainted with it.
This language is meant for actual use, so it is extremely heavily based on English, so that English speakers like myself can use it as a code.
According to some, it sounds like Russian! What do you think?
Check out http://www.reddit.com/r/Unitican/ for simple lessons in Unitican!
The IPA letters are on the left, while the romanization is on the right.
|Plosive||p/p b/b||t/t d/d||ky/c||k/k g/g|
|Fricative||f/f v/v||θ/th ð/dh||s/s z/z||ʃ/sh ʒ/zh||ç/hya||h/h|
Also, there is compound consonant "X" which is pronounced /ks/
There are compound vowels, "uue" /juə/ "uué" /juei/ é/ei/ y/ai/
There are many letters used in Unitican, especially diacritics and accents. However it was planned in mind that eventually with use, one can read words without the use of most accents. There are compound letters and weird letters.
The "r" in Unitican is usually to aid pronounciation, but actually when it comes to IPA breakdown (for the experts) most of them are rhoticities
It follows Subject - Verb - Object.
For example, Ya cin te fean shidg'rins - I like to eat potatoes
But you are free to put the the Verb infront, and object subject behind in verbs, for example,
Zỳ uueveyaye? - (Do lovemeyou?) Do you love me?
Ahnnen anchroyahey te dhé lexinhyalyn - ( Father fetchmehe to the school) Father fetch me to school
Ya zỳ'nnx biané cinyhenya - (I don't really likeherme) I don't really like her
But it is ok not to use this sort of grammar ( Rules to be set some time in the future)
To indicate possession, such as this sentence, "The computer is Tom's" , you use the word "set" at the back. I.e. Dhé x'lintoz tom set" . This literally means, the computer tom (belongs). Similarly this means u can express other sentences that indicate possession in the same way. For example, "My house is the best house" can be expressed in two different forms. First is "Yars hyalos sỳ dhé en'foryaz hyalos" , or it can be expressed as "Hyalos ya set sỳ dhé en'foryaz". The "set" form of speaking and writing is deemed more formal, and is used in work and business
There are 5 tenses in Unitican - Past, Past Perfect, Present, Present Continuous Future
This this the verb being itself
A simple affix of -so [so] behind the verb.
A simple affix of -to [toh] to the verb.
Past Perfect Tense
A simple affix of -lem [lɛm] to the verb.
Past tenses in Unitican are the worst yet you will come across... with an enormous amounts of exceptions
In short*, you can be safe to assume that all words that end with -'t , -an and -yx are past tense of verbs. These are some of the rules that apply to past tenses. For now you can just apply 't to all verbs to make them past tense
- - And there are the EXCEPTIONS.
Here is a non-exhaustive list that may prolong as new words are being created.
Coyalis (Check) = Coyalisan
Hin (Will) = Han
Zy (Do) = Zix
Kay (Can) = Xay
Erx (Must, Need) = Eyx
Vhs (Take) = Vhysh
If you are proficient enough in English, this should be redundant, as Unitican's Voices, Moods and Aspects are copied over from English. No originality. Haiz, I know. However the following are the exceptions
There are only 3 cases, possessive, accusative and nominative. There are 3 exceptions. Just as in English, the word "you" originally had a nominative form "ye", it eventually fell out of use and "you" also became the nominative AND accusative form. In Unitican, I ; You ; He ; She all experience this. The Nominative and Accusative Form for these 4 pronouns are the same. Only for We ; They and You all have accusative forms.
The "to-infinitive" forms of verbs have a -e attached to the end. What this means is that a sentence like "I want to eat" becomes "Ya kisey féane". The to-verb becomes verb-e.
-sos the English equalvalent of -ly ( immense to immensely, na'fahn to na'fahnsos)
-so the English equalvalent of -ing (Present Active Participle, walk to walking, horen to horenso)
-lyn to make the word a noun ( happy to happyness, forlyn to forlynlyn)
-vo to make the word a verb ( beautiful to beautify, fuyeul to fuyeulvo)
-sif to make the word an adjective
(Adjective Participle, government to governmental, renxihyadexous to renxihyadexoussif)
an- to make the word the reverse meaning (good to bad, foryaz to anforyaz)
-hyalyn to symbolise an area or building for (Inryhyalyn - Bank)
-hyalos to symbolise a house or place of residence for (Inryhyalos - Treasury)
-toz an object (Inrysutoz - Wallet)
-troz a large object (Inrysutroz - Vault)
cru- to make the verb, adj have less impact
do- to make the verb, adj, have slightly more impact than usual
so- to make the verb, adj have more impact than usual, comparable to English's -er
en- to make the verb, adj have much more impact than usual, comparable to English's -est
na- to make the verb, adj have significantly more impact than usual (rarely used)
The Unitican language boasts an enormous vocabulary due to its aggultinative nature and currently has over 4500 words ( 3 October 2013), though it has only around 1500 to 2000 root words, and most are for gaming and daily simple conversation.
For the full dictionary, please refer to the full dictionary, which is currently a work in progress! :) [search Unitican Dictionary]
If you want a more specific list, you can view Unitican followed by Water, Mood, School, Physics, Human Body and so on.
Here are some conversation starters :)
|Xenvor! (formal) Senvor!(Informal)||Hello!||
|Garis Marno!||Good Morning!||['ga.ɹis maɹ.no]|
|Kyx arnye?||How are you?||['kaiks 'aɹn.jɛ]|
|Yasy hyaz||I'm fine||[ya.si çaz]|
|Zovor! (formal) Sovor! (Informal)||Goodbye!||
Foys allèye/ Foys allèyeya
|Nice to meet you||[foeis 'alə.jɛ]|
|Ifo sy yer mine?||What is you name?||['i:fo sai jɛɹ 'mi.nə]|
|Yars mine sy||My name is||[jars 'mi.nə sai]|
|Zol, yasy ofas/ Zol, ofasyeya||Please, I'm sorry||[zol ja.si o.fas]|
|Ya uueve ye/ Uueveyeya||I love you||[ya juei.vɛ jɛ]|
|Cenhow!||Shut up!/Be quiet!||['ʦən.how]|
|Nax sy dhé renraho?||Where is the toilet||[naks sai ðei rɛn.ra.ho]|
|Hall they en'foryaz!||All the best!||[hal ðei 'ɛn.fɔɹ.yaz]|
|Ifo arnye zyso??||What are you doing?||['i:fo 'aɹn.jɛ zai.so]|
Numbers and MathsEdit
Zero - Non
One - Dian
Two - No
Three - Zen
Four - Xers
Five - Diez
Six - Ziyn
Seven - Kien
Eight - Kite
Nine - Dexi
Ten - Ent
Eleven - Diantlyian
Hundred - Encos
Thousand - Nacos
Million - Ianron
Billion - Noron
Trillion - Zenron
Pi - Xeho
e - Sya'Xe
Infinity - Na'Xe Four hundred and twenty- two - Xersencos e nolyo
Three Billion Two Hundred and Fourty-Seven - Zennoron Noencos e Xerslyien
Integration - Liate (Those who know integration by parts XD)
Differentiation - Dedeax (Those for know differentation XD)
Factorial - Jyrialyn
Times - Join
Plus - Lof
Minus - Yex
Divide - Dous
Sin - Eain
Cos - Yov
Tan - Zint
Arcsin - Aneain
Arccos - Anyov
Arctan - Anzint
Cosec - En'Eain
Cot - En'Zint
Sec - En'Yov
Sqaure - Nonex
Root - Fae
Log - Loxh
Ln - Syaloxh
Factorize - Xe' Cro
Expansion - Fah' Xehlyn
It is quite easy to learn Unitican, as it is almost completely based on English; that is, if you are good in English
Zi sỳ eysas yultsos lexinè Unitican, canzi sỳ ifoxey dexoussos padovo't un Inglish; vi sỳ, zeyesỳ foryaz un Inglish.
(Zee sigh yoult eysahs teh laxsin Youneeteeken, cahn zee sigh eefohzey dexses pahdohvoh uhn English, vy sigh, zeeyeh ahrn foryaaz uhn English)
The sun is extremely hot today! Can I have some water?
Dhé syfax sy en'has terolx! Kayya hiv myne raho?
I do not find going to school particularly interesting.
Ya zỳ'nnx hose lenso te lexinhyalyn hyatebinsos seas.
Playing computer games online is one of the best ways to be happy.
Piyenso x'lintox piyaxes unlyvy sy dian zat dhé en'foryaz handes te zay forlynsif.
The North Wind and the Sun
THE NORTH WIND and the Sun disputed as to which was the most powerful, and agreed that he should be declared the victor who could first strip a wayfaring man of his clothes. The North Wind first tried his power and blew with all his might, but the keener his blasts, the closer the Traveler wrapped his cloak around him, until at last, resigning all hope of victory, the Wind called upon the Sun to see what he could do. The Sun suddenly shone out with all his warmth. The Traveler no sooner felt his genial rays than he took off one garment after another, and at last, fairly overcome with heat, undressed and bathed in a stream that lay in his path.
Persuasion is better than Force.
They Nyrth Whyser e they Syfax
DHÉ NYRTH WHYSER e dhé Syfax cororo't can te sen syx dhé en'gershensif, e yen vihey wid zay azerielan thai tymren ney xay diantsif tras n handeose ren zat hysen fians. Dhé Nyrth Whyser diantsif yiyez't hysen gerhenlyn, e whysvo wal hall hysen grost, xan dhé so'zono hysen chauses, thai anuy dhé Hhloren nyest hysen gonup drowin yan, cois tor raixyx, anzyhallso hall dref zat tymlyn, dhé Whyser nallan aneuny dhé Syfax te coas ifohey xay zy. Dhé Syfax oudusos fanvo't wal hall hysen haslyn. Dhé Hhloren nen ing croyz hysen cru'hassif zefanlyns trus hey vhysh not dian fian rol anda, e tor raixyx, weasos unvas wal haslyn, anfianvo't e ashnyx un n cru'swyraho vi un ohs hysen byhande.
Lyuue sy so'foryaz trus Ea.