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Unitican

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This is a work in progress, expected to be finished by March 2015


Progress 79%
Unitican
Windexous Unitikèn
Type
Isolating-Agglutinative
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Initial
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
2
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

An imaginary language created for few people who decided that talking in English was too mainstream. Its grammar is heavily based on English, with only one or two exceptions

Nah.. Created for a novel currently in writing (for pleasure) as a language used by the people living on the planet Earthy. The planet Earthy is created in an imaginary world, partially resembling Coruscant in Star Wars. It is the Lingua Franca there the same way English is the Lingua Franca here. Unitico is the democratic republic that surrounds the entire planet, hence the name of the language being Unitican. It is around 3000 years old, so has gone through many eliminations to make the language easier and simpler to write and say (though the alphabetical system remains awful). 

My classmates, friends and I (mistaknomore) [we live in Singapore] use this language to talk amongst ourself during online gaming to prevent others from knowing what we are saying. Personally, I use it to write diary entries. Amongst ourselves, we usually use less than 500 words, as my friends are not very acquainted with it.

This language is meant for actual use, so it is extremely heavily based on English, so that English speakers like myself can use it as a code.

According to some, it sounds like Russian! What do you think?

Check out http://www.reddit.com/r/Unitican/ for simple lessons in Unitican!

PhonologyEdit

The IPA letters are on the left, while the romanization is on the right.

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m/m n/n ɲ/ny ng/ŋ
Plosive p/p b/b t/t d/d c/ky k/k g/g
Fricative f/f v/v θ/th ð/dh s/s z/z ʃ/sh  ç/hy h/h
Affricate t̪͡s̪/c ch/tʃ j/dʒ
Approximant ɹ/r j/y
Trill r/rr
Lateral Fric. hl/ɬ
Glide w/w
Lateral app. l/l
Lateral flap

Also, there is compound consonant "X" which is pronounced /ks/

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i/i ʏ/ü ɨ/i u/u
Near-close o/o
Close-mid e/ā
Mid ə  ɔ
Open-mid

e/ɛ

Near-open

ae/æ

Open a/a

There are compound vowels, "uue" /juə/ "uué" /juei/   é/ei/ ý/ai/ 

Alphanumeric SystemEdit

There are many letters used in Unitican, especially diacritics and accents. However it was planned in mind that eventually with use, one can read words without the use of most accents. There are compound letters and weird letters.

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No Yes No No No No
Nouns No No Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No Yes Yes No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes No Yes No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No Yes Yes No No No


It follows Subject - Verb - Object.

For example, Ya sin feanè shidg'rins - I like to eat potatoes 

To indicate possession, such as this sentence, "The computer is Tom's" , you use the word "set" at the back. I.e. Dhé x'lintoz tom set" . This literally means, the computer tom (belongs). Similarly this means u can express other sentences that indicate possession in the same way. For example, "My house is the best house" can be expressed in two different forms. First is "Yars hyalos sý dhé hyalós en'foryaz " , or it can be expressed as "Hyalos ya set sý en'foryaz". The "set" form of speaking and writing is deemed more formal, and is used in work and business.


TensesEdit

There are 5 tenses in Unitican - Past, Present, Future

Present Tense

This this the verb being itself

Future Tense

The affix of -to to the verb.

Past Tense

The affix -'t to the verb. If the verb ends with -'t, -'tā is used

  • - There are a few exceptions

Here is a non-exhaustive list that may prolong as new words are being created. 

Coyalis (Check) = Coyalisan

Hin (Will) = Han 

Zy (Do) = Zix

Kay (Can) = Xay 

Erx (Must, Need) = Eyx 

Vhs (Take) = Vhsan

Further GrammarEdit

If you are proficient enough in English, this should be redundant, as Unitican's Voices, Moods and Aspects are copied over from English. However the following are the exceptions

There are only 3 cases, possessive, accusative and nominative.  There are 3 exceptions. Just as in English, the word "you" originally had a nominative form "ye", it eventually fell out of use and "you" also became the nominative AND accusative form. In Unitican, I ; You ; He ; She all experience this. The Nominative and Accusative Form for these 4 pronouns are the same. Only for We ; They  and You all have accusative forms.

To-Infinitive

The "to-infinitive" forms of verbs have a -e attached to the end. What this means is that a sentence like "I want to eat" becomes "Ya kisey féane". The to-verb becomes verb-e.

ParticlesEdit

-sos                   the English equalvalent of -ly                                ( immense to immensely, na'fahn to na'fahnsos)

-lyn                    to make the word a noun                                        ( happy to happyness, forlyn to forlynlyn)

-vo                     to make the word a verb                                          ( beautiful to beautify, fuyeul to fuyeulvo)

-sif                     to make the word an adjective   

(Adjective Participle, government to governmental, renxihyadexous to renxihyadexoussif)

an-                     to make the word the reverse meaning                 (good to bad, foryaz to anforyaz)


Indications


-hyalyn             to symbolise an area or building for                          (Inryhyalyn - Bank)

-hyalos              to symbolise a house or place of residence for      (Inryhyalos - Treasury)

-toz                    an object                                                                        (Inrysutoz - Wallet)                                       

-troz                   a large object                                                                (Inrysutroz - Vault)


Adverbs

kru-                    to make the verb, adj have less impact

do-                     to make the verb, adj, have slightly more impact than usual

so-                     to make the verb, adj have more impact than usual, comparable to English's -er

en-                     to make the verb, adj have much more impact than usual, comparable to English's -est

na-                     to make the verb, adj have significantly more impact than usual (rarely used)



VocabularyEdit

The Unitican language boasts an enormous vocabulary due to its aggultinative nature and currently has over 4500 words ( 3 October 2013), though it has only around 1500 to 2000 root words, and most are for gaming and daily simple conversation.

For the full dictionary, please refer to the full dictionary, which is currently a work in progress! :) [search Unitican Dictionary]

If you want a more specific list, you can view Unitican followed by Water, Mood, School, Physics, Human Body and so on.

Here are some conversation starters :)

Unitican English Translation IPA
Zenvor! (formal) Senvor!(Informal) Hello!

zɛn.vɔː]

[sɛn.vɔː]

Garis Marno! Good Morning! ['ga.ɹis maɹ.no]
Kýxsýye? How are you? ['kaiks 'aɹn.jɛ]
Yasý hyaz I'm fine [ya.si çaz]
Zovor! (formal) Sovor! (Informal) Goodbye!

['zo.vɔ]

[so.vɔ]

Foys allèye/ Foys allèyeya

Nice to meet you [foeis 'alə.jɛ]
Ifo kā yer mine? What is you name? ['i:fo sai jɛɹ 'mi.nə]
Yars mine sý My name is [jars 'mi.nə sai]
Zol, yasý ofas Please, I'm sorry [zol ja.si o.fas]
Ya uueve ye/ Uueveyeya I love you [ya juei.vɛ jɛ]
Cenhow! Shut up!/Be quiet! ['ʦən.how]
Nax sý dhé renraho? Where is the toilet [naks sai ðei rɛn.ra.ho]
Hall dhé en'foryaz! All the best! [hal ðei 'ɛn.fɔɹ.yaz]
Ifo sýye zýso?? What are you doing? ['i:fo 'aɹn.jɛ zai.so]




















No. English
1Iya
2you (singular)ye
3hehey
4wesix
5you (plural)NIL
6theywius
7thisvy
8thatvi
9herey
10thereky
11whoney
12whatifo
13wherebain
14whennax
15howkyx
16notnnx
17allhall
18manyhiyai
19somemin
20fewcrun
21otherayter
22onedian
23twono
24threezen
25fourxers
26fivediez
27bigfahn
28longfeaz
29widemosd
30thickpak
31heavygog
32smallcrus
33shortsx
34narrowwalos
35thinmiean
36womanseho
37man (adult male)ohse
38man (human being)ren
39childral
40wifesehost
41husbandohset
42mothermanen
43fatherahnen
44animalmak
45fishswymak
46birdwarmak
47dogmorr
48louseskik
49snaketyemak
50wormorn
51treerin
52forestsyarinhyalos
53stickwudo
54fruitjus'rin
55seednanrin
56leafry
57rootsyain
58barkcannos
59flowerbuuehey
60grassminp
61rope
62skinpif
63meatmak
64bloodrenraho
65bonedag
66fat
67eggjusi
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hairsén
72headbahvon
73earream
74eyeoas
75nosenyo
76mouthop
77toothjin
78tonguegulgo
79fingernail
80foothyag
81legtüf
82knee
83handsim
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heartjang
91liverkovs
92drinkravo
93eatfean
94bitesish
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blowsevo
99breathe
100laugh
101seecoas
102hear
103knowvost
104thinkteln
105smell
106fear
107sleepfelut
108liveselthvo
109diemornvo
110killmonvo
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cutziyl
115splittyex
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swimswyvo
120flywarvo
121walkhoren
122comeco
123lie
124sithyn
125standkond
126turn
127falllenx
128giveka
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132washringvo
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throwfelx
137tie
138sew
139count
140saywas
141singwassaw
142playpiyen
143float
144flowswy
145freezerahpvo
146swell
147sunsyfax
148moonyewhuan
149starfano (Fah no)
150waterraho
151rainlenx'raho
152riverswy'raho
153lakedo'raho
154seaso'raho
155salt
156stonebasg
157sandgriss
158dustwarn
159earthsyail
160cloudwarraho
161fogpioraho
162skywar
163windWhyser
164snowraxho
165iceRahnx
166smokeikwa
167fireike ( E kay )
168ash
169burnikevo (E kay voh)
170roadswycruz
171mountainanch
172redhad
173greenhaly
174yellowhal
175whitewiss
176blackerhall
177nightdine
178dayrolx
179yearforn
180warmsuam
181coldrahn
182fullian
183newfil
184oldanfil
185goodforyaz
186badanforyaz
187rottensubus
188dirtyanring
189straightzing
190roundol
191sharpkit
192dullades
193smoothsuus
194wetrahnl
195dryanrahnl
196correctsear
197nearsiem
198faruy
199rightharx
200leftcax
201attor
202inun
203withwal
204ande (cafe)
205ifze
206becausealter
207namemine (Mean neh)


Numbers and MathsEdit

Zero - Non

One - Dian

Two - No

Three - Zen

Four - Xers

Five - Diez

Six - Ziyn

Seven - Kien

Eight - Kite

Nine - Dexi

Ten - Ent

Eleven - Diantlyian

Hundred - Encos

Thousand - Nacos

Million - Ianron

Billion - Noron

Trillion - Zenron

Pi - Xeho

e - Sya'Xe

Infinity - Na'Xe Four hundred and twenty- two - Xersencos e nolyo

Three Billion Two Hundred and Fourty-Seven - Zennoron Noencos e Xerslyien


Integration - Liate (Those who know integration by parts XD)

Differentiation - Dedeax (Those for know differentation XD)

Factorial - Jyrialyn

Times - Join

Plus - Lof

Minus - Yex

Divide - Dous

Sin - Eain

Cos - Yov

Tan - Zint

Arcsin - Aneain

Arccos - Anyov

Arctan - Anzint

Cosec - En'Eain

Cot - En'Zint

Sec - En'Yov

Sqaure - Nonex

Root - Fae

Log - Loxh

Ln - Syaloxh

Factorize - Xe' Cro

Expansion - Fah' Xehlyn

Example text


It is quite easy to learn Unitican, as it is almost completely based on English; that is, if you are good in English

Zi sỳ eysas yultsos lexinè Unitican, canzi sỳ ifoxey dexoussos padovo't un Inglish; vi sỳ, zeyesỳ foryaz un Inglish.

(Zee sigh yoult eysahs teh laxsin Youneeteeken, cahn zee sigh eefohzey dexses pahdohvoh uhn English, vy sigh, zeeyeh ahrn foryaaz uhn English)

The sun is extremely hot today! Can I have some water?

Dhé syfax sy en'has terolx! Kayya hiv myne raho?

I do not find going to school particularly interesting.

Ya zỳ'nnx hose lenso te lexinhyalyn hyatebinsos seas.

Playing computer games online is one of the best ways to be happy.

Piyenso x'lintox piyaxes unlyvy sy dian zat dhé en'foryaz handes te zay forlynsif.

The North Wind and the Sun

THE NORTH WIND and the Sun disputed as to which was the most powerful, and agreed that he should be declared the victor who could first strip a wayfaring man of his clothes. The North Wind first tried his power and blew with all his might, but the keener his blasts, the closer the Traveler wrapped his cloak around him, until at last, resigning all hope of victory, the Wind called upon the Sun to see what he could do. The Sun suddenly shone out with all his warmth. The Traveler no sooner felt his genial rays than he took off one garment after another, and at last, fairly overcome with heat, undressed and bathed in a stream that lay in his path.

Persuasion is better than Force.

They Nyrth Whyser e they Syfax

DHÉ NYRTH WHYSER e dhé Syfax cororo't can te sen syx dhé en'gershensif, e yen vihey wid zay azerielan thai tymren ney xay diantsif tras n handeose ren zat hysen fians. Dhé Nyrth Whyser diantsif yiyez't hysen gerhenlyn, e whysvo wal hall hysen grost, xan dhé so'zono hysen chauses, thai anuy dhé Hhloren nyest hysen gonup drowin yan, cois tor raixyx, anzyhallso hall dref zat tymlyn, dhé Whyser nallan aneuny dhé Syfax te coas ifohey xay zy. Dhé Syfax oudusos fanvo't wal hall hysen haslyn. Dhé Hhloren nen ing croyz hysen cru'hassif zefanlyns trus hey vhysh not dian fian rol anda, e tor raixyx, weasos unvas wal haslyn, anfianvo't e ashnyx un n cru'swyraho vi un ohs hysen byhande.

Lyuue sy so'foryaz trus Ea.

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