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Relativization

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Thought I would make another blog as this is something easily forgotten for people and it is about relativization, adjective clauses.


Adjective/Relative clause is a clause that act as an adjective to describe a noun, for example in the sentence "the woman which i like" the "which" initiates the clause and "i like" marks that its a woman i like. But the position of relativization can change dramaticly and in english it is always fronted. I´ll give example in english of the 4 general types that do exist, the "__" marks where the noun originally was before being relativized

  1. Subject: The woman which __ walks
  2. Object: The woman which I like __
  3. Indirect object: The woman which I gave __ the flower
  4. Oblique: The woman which i gave the flow to __ / The woman to __ which i gave the flower

Not all languages are as free as english in what can be relativized, which do none of the above, some just a few and some do just like english and all of them. An important notice to make here is that if you can do #3 you can do all above, you cannot jump over any part.


But how would for example someone who only do #1 try doing 2? one can passivize it so that the object becomes the subject and then relativize, There can be other things they can do to assist and get around that dilemma. If you only do to #2 think of ways to include 3/4 indirectly by morphological changes, perhaps turning the original sentence into a subclause and the indirect object is now subject, the caluse object and relativize it? Options are endless


The Emperor Zelos 10:11, May 11, 2010 (UTC)

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