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Uzmoqh

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[[Fyrmoweyke ['fɚ:məweɪk]]]
'Uzmoqh ['ʔuzʷmɔ̘χʷ]
Type
Alignment
Nominative-Accusative
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal Approximant m-m ɱ-mh n-n ɲ-nj ŋ-ng ɴ-nq
Nasal Fricative ɸm-hm fɱ-hm θn-hn çɲ-hnj xŋ-hng χɴ-hnq
Nasal Plosive pm-'m pɱ-'mh tn-'n cɲ-'nj kŋ-'ng qɴ 'nq
Plosive b p-b p d t-d t ɟ c-gj c g k-g k ɢ q-gq q ʔ -'
Fricative β ɸ-bh ph v f-v f ð̠ θ̱ -dh th ʝ ç-jh ch ɣ x-gh kh ʁ χ-gqh qh h-h
Sibilant Fricative z s-z s ʑ ɕ-zj sj
Approximant β̞-w ʋ-vh ɻ-r j-j ɰ-wh ʁ˕-qwh ɦ-hh
Trill r-rr
Lateral Plosive tɬ-tl cʎ̝-cl̥ kʟ̝̊-kl qʟ̠-ql
Lateral fric. ɬ-hl ʎ̥˔-hlj ʟ̝̊-hgl ɫ-hghl
Lateral app. l-l ʎ-lj ʟ-gl ʟ̠-lgh
Nasal-Lateral Plosive tnl-'nl cɲʎ-'nlj kŋʟ-'ngl qɴʟ̠-'nlgh
Nasal Lateral Fricative θnl-hnl çɲʎ-hnlj xŋʟ-hngl χɴʟ̠-hnlgh
Nasal-Lateral Approximant nl-nl ɲʎ-nlj ŋʟ-ngl ɴʟ̠-nlgh

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i y-i y ɯ u-ue u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid e̞-e ə ɵ̞-h bh(syllabic) o̞-o
Open-mid ɜ̘-e(unstressed) ɔ̘-o(unstressed)
Near-open
Open a-a ɑ-a(unstressed)

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes No
Nouns No Yes Yes No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns Yes Yes Yes No Yes No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No Yes Yes No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns are declined by case

Declension of the noun khauzdu, (bone) ['xauzdʷu]

Animate Inanimate Locative Temporal Essive
Nominative khauzdue khauzdu khauzde khauzdau khauzduri
Accusative khauzdueng khauzdueng khauzdenj khauzdaung khauzderri
Genitive khauzdy khauzda khauzdezj khauzdaz khauzdanje
Dative khauzdynj khauzdai khauzdo khauzdinj
Instrumental khauzdanq khauzdaqh
Causative khauzduez khauzdi

All nouns ablaut to form the plural. It is always the stressed syllable that changes, following this pattern:

au-e eu-e ou-y ai-e ei-i oi-y uei-i a-e e-i i-ei o-u u-y y-i ue-i aa-ei ee-ei ii-yy oo-uu uu-y yy-i uue-y

For example, khauzdaqh ['xauzdɑx] means 'using a bone' while khezdaqh ['çe̞zdɑx] means using bones

VerbsEdit

Verbs, similar to nouns, come from both PIE and Quenya, and therefore have different conjugations, with PIE verbs being irregular and ablauting.

PIE derived verbs:

PIE derived verbs change stem for tense. So we have for the verb laukh (let, leave sb) Stative: lekh- Imperfective: laukh- Perfective: lelykh-

Verb laukh

Stative Indicative Subjunctive Optative Imperative Conditional
1st Singular lekhung lekhuk lekhyng lekhing
2nd Singular lekhu lekha lekhy lekhu! lekhi
3rd Singular lekhuth lekhath lekhyth lekhuthu! lekhith
1st Plural lekhus lekhaus lekhunga lekhis
2nd Plural lekhut lekhaut lekhyt lekhuta! lekhit
3rd Plural lekhud lekhaud lekhaud lekhatu! lekhid

To form the future we use the Quenya derived verb zail- and then the stem of either stative, imperfective or perfective. To form the past tenses we use the prefix kha(ng)-

Generally PIE derived verbs do not change the endings. There are some irregulars, for example oz (to be) (oz-,ngo-,au-)

Verb oz

Stative Indicative Subjunctive Optative Imperative Conditional
1st Singular oze ozukh zakhung ozang
2nd Singular oz ozas zas azde! uz
3rd Singular ozd ozda zath azdi! uzd
1st Plural uz ozung zekhung azma
2nd Plural oizd zat zeth azda! azde
3rd Plural ode zutha zakhut zadi! zad

The imperfective and perfective forms conjugate like regular Quenya derived verbs.

Quenya Derived Verbs (stems that end in a vowel):

Quenya verbs do not change the stem but instead add suffixes onto it to change mood before adding endings For example indicative pholfa-,subjunctive pholfy, optative pholfaze, imperative pholuf!, conditional pholfau. (pholfang,to hit)

The endings are as follows:

Pholfang Endings
1st Singular pholfang
2nd Singular pholfale
3rd Singular pholfaz
1st Plural pholfalung
2nd Plural pholfat
3rd Plural pholfath

AdjectivesEdit

Adjectives always decline. Those that derive from PIE will often ablaut, such as maizgu(myzgau-), fast

Singular Plural
Nominative maizgu myzgaura
Accusative maizgung myzgau
Genitive myzgau myzgaukhung
Ablative myzgaus myzgaus
Dative myzgauri myzgaus
Instrumental myzgaukh myzgauphu

Those that don't decline like this

olpu-bright

Singular Plural
Nominative olpu olpy
Accusative olpung olpus
Genitive olpuzy olpukhung
Ablative olpauth olpyng
Dative olpy olpys
Instrumental olpukh olpyza

Quenya derived adjectives decline in the same way, and do not ablaut

PronounsEdit

Declensions for the or that, this, I, thou, he, she, we, you, they

The, That

Singular Plural
Nominative a ai
Accusative eng ez
Genitive azu azung
Ablative azmu aiz
Dative azmai amiz
Instrumental ai aipe

This

Singular Plural
Nominative ekh ekhaz
Accusative ung uz
Genitive azaz azang
Ablative uzmu yz
Dative zeik azmiz
Instrumental khy khyph

1st Person

Singular Plural
Nominative khu y
Accusative khong nong
Genitive khon noz
Ablative khy ni
Dative khi nom
Instrumental khy ny

2nd Person

Singular Plural
Nominative la ik
Accusative lo zong
Genitive lon zos
Ablative ly zin
Dative lau zon
Instrumental li zy

3rd Person Masculine

Singular Plural
Nominative zu thy
Accusative thung thus
Genitive thuzy thazung
Ablative thuzmu thyz
Dative thuzmy thyz
Instrumental thy thyp

3rd Person Feminine

Singular Plural
Nominative zikh zykh
Accusative thing this
Genitive thizi thyng
Ablative thyzmi thyzmy
Dative thizikh thigmu
Instrumental thi thip

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

Example textEdit

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