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Välкаиšıa

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Valish
Välкаиšıa
Type Agglutinative
Alignment Tripartite (Ergative-Accusitive)
Head direction
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Three
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 1%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words 500 of 1500
Creator Sean Rosswell


Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɴ
Plosive p  b t  d k  g
Fricative f  v

θ  ð

s  z ʃ  ʒ ɦ
Affricate ʈ͡ʂ  d͡ʑ
Approximant ɹ j w
Trill r ʜ
Flap or tap
Lateral affri.
Lateral fric. ɮ
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

Notes

  • Alveolar nasals which precede post-alveolar fricatives are realised as uvular nasals.
  • Intervocalic instances of the voiced alveolar plosive may in some dialects be realised as voiced dental fricatives.
  • Intervocalic instances of the voiceless alveolar plosive may in some dialects be realised as voiceless dental fricatives.
  • In some dialects, voiced post-alveolar fricatives may be realised as voiced alveolar lateral fricatives, or voiced alveolar lateral affricates when preceded by an alveolar or bilabial nasal.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i ɨ  ʉ ɯ  u
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid e o
Mid
Open-mid ɛ ɞ ʌ  ɔ
Near-open æ ɐ
Open a ä ɑ  ɒ

PhonotacticsEdit

Syllables consist of the an onset (optional), followed by a nucleus (obligatory) and a coda (optional).

Complex onsets can occur up to a three phoneme consonant cluster.

Rules of phonotactics:

  1. All syllables have a nucleus
  2. No onset /ɴ/
  3. No glottal fricatives in syllable codas
  4. No affricates in complex onsets
  5. The first consonant of a complex onset must be an obstruent
  6. The second consonant of a complex onset must not be a voiced obstruent
  7. If the first consonant of a complex onset is not an alveolar fricative, the second must be a liquid or glide
  8. No glides in codas


Writing SystemEdit

Letter u ú ù û ü г o ó ò ô ö т
Sound /ʌ/ /ʉ/ /ɯ/ /u/ /ɨ/ /ɹ/ /ɔ/ /ɞ/ /o/ /o̞/ /ɒ/ /t/
Letter и k l д e é è ê ë в f c
Sound /n/ /k/ /l/ /d/ /ɛ/ /e/ /ɪ/ /i/ /æ/ /b/ /f/ /k/
Letter č ç g j м s š я v z ž a
Sound /ʈ͡ʂ/ /s/ /g/ d͡ʑ /m/ /s/ /ʃ/ /r/ /v/ /z/ /ʒ/ /ɐ/
Letter á à â ä п ı í ì î ï
Sound /ä/ /a/ /e/ /ɑ/ /p/ /e̞/ /i/ /i/ /i/ /e̞/

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

stem [dual/plural] [definite/indefinite] / genetive

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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