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Vøt E-Nït

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Vøt E-Nït
Vøt E-Nït
Type
Synthetic, mostly fusional
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
yes
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect




Classification and DialectsEdit

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Palatal Velar Uvular Glottal
Nasal m n ɴ
Plosive p b t d k g
Fricative f v θ ð s z ʃ x, ɣ h
Affricate t͡s t͡ʃ
Approximant l j w
Trill r

The nasal phoneme /ɴ/ has no independent letter of its own, it only occurs before fricatives (ġ and ç).

Apart from the nasal phoneme, every phoneme can be written using just one letter.

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Back
Close i y u
Near-close ɪ
Close-mid e ø o
Near-open æ
Open a

PhonotacticsEdit

Writing SystemEdit

There are three different orthographies; however in Nïnet a runic alphabet is used (called Rúna). The older alphabet is no longer used, and latin is used as a transliteration. 

Letter a á æ e é ë i í ï o ó ø
Sound /a/ /a:/ /æ~æ:/ /e/ /e:/ /je~je:/ /ɪ/ /i:/ /æj/ /o/ /o:/ /ø~ø:/
Letter u ú y ý ÿ w b v c ç d ð
Sound /u/ /u:/ /y/ /y:/ /j/ /w/ /b/ /v/ /t͡ʃ/ /x/ /d/ /ð/
Letter p f g ġ h k l m n r s ś
Sound /p/ /f/ /g/ /ɣ/ /h/ /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /r/ /s/ /ʃ/
Letter ş t þ z
Sound /t͡s/ /t/ /θ/ /z/

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

Nouns fall under both genders and numbers. There are three genders (male, female and neuter, also called common gender). Nouns can be singular or plural.

Numbers Singular Common Singular Female Plural Common Plural Female
One Áś Áśa Śót Śú
Two Þwá Þwá Þwót Þwú
Three Ðrï Ðrïa Ðrót Ðrú
Four Feór Fÿóra Fÿorót Fÿóru
Five Çem Çéma Çemót Çemú
Six  Seóç Sÿóça Sÿoçót Sÿóçu
Seven Śófa Śófa Śofót Śófu
Eight Eóçt Ÿoçta Ÿoçót Ÿóçu
Nine Níë Nïa Nÿót Nÿú
Ten Teón Tÿóna Tÿonót Tÿónu
Eleven Aśát Áśta Aśót Aśtú
Twelve Þwát Þwáta Þowót Þwótu
Thriteen Ðríat Ðráta Ðriót Ðrótu
Fourteen Fÿorát Fÿórta Fërót Fÿórtu
Fifteen Çemát Çemta Çëmót Çëmtú
Sixteen Sÿoçát Sÿóçta Sÿoçót Sÿóçtu
Seventeen Śofát Śofta Śëfót Śëftú
Eighteen Ÿoçát Ÿóçta Æçót Æçtú
Nineteen Níát Nÿóta Nïót Nÿótu
Twenty Þwívi Þwíva Þwivót Þwívu
Thirty Ðrívi Ðríva Ðrivót Ðrívu
Forty Fÿívi Fÿíva Fëvót Fëvtú
Fifty Çívi Çíva Çivót Çívtu
Sixty Sÿívi Sÿíva Sëvót Sëvtú
Seventy Śÿívi Śÿíva Śëvót Śëvtú
Eighty Ÿívi Ÿíva Ævót Ævtú
Ninety Nÿívi Nÿíva Nëvót Nëvtú
Hundred  Kóś Kóśa Kśot Kośtú
Thousand Wereg Werga Wergót Wergú


PronounsEdit

Pronoun Translation
I Ÿáġ
You Ëġ
He Śeś
She Śæ
It
Us Ðá
You* Ëz
Them Cøc
  •  The second person plural subject pronoun


Possessive PronounsEdit

Pronoun Translation
My/Mine -ve
Yours -vek
His -he
Hers -ha
Its -ke
Ours -rák
Yours* -vák
Theirs -hák
  •  The second person plural possessive pronoun

Reflexive PronounsEdit

Reflexive Translation
Oneself ÿøp
Myself op
Yourself of
Himself óg
Herself ók
Itself øç
Ourselves øp
Yourselves øf
Themselves øçk


VerbsEdit

All verbs are conjugated in a similar way. It is as follows (example of the verb to answer; ðëçk):

Tense Affix Example
Infinitive ÿ- ÿ-ðëçk
Present -el ðëçel
Past -ød ðëçkød
Future ka- ka-ðëçk
Imperative - ðëçk!

Syntax

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

English:

  1. Oh glorious moon in the high sky,
  2. May your light shine on me during my darkest hours,
  3. Let it guide me and deliver me.
  4. You are the silver jewel upon the gods' divine Crown,
  5. Your wisdom and your calm is what I seek.
  6. Drive away the demons and shadow lurkers,
  7. Enlighten me with your calm and serenity.
  8. May your rays shine upon me for all of eternity,
  9. Oh great silver orb of heaven

Vøt E-Nït:

  1. Ëða Ýtn ça wølðríd ÿú Ëlë ç ïpek
  2. Næş ġaśvek çón ák ÿáġ øþni vøÿ-íġove,
  3. Býv kí úðerel aç hïhwinel ÿáġ
  4. Ëġ ça þøÿ-surpím ák ç ilæçím moġar ilæçetaw
  5. Śonúððømvek ç ajagvek (aśagvek*) ÿáġ foçkel
  6. Hoçþ ça çoçøyo aç ðÿorkoþeo
  7. Hïġáś ÿáġ ón azág aç wïn-ïpek
  8. Næś ðwáruvek çón ák ÿáġ nweġ
  9. Ëða dïn ÿøz aç surpím ÿú Ëleÿa

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