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Valani

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Valani
Valani
Type
Alignment
Head direction
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
No
Genders
No
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect



General informationEdit

Valani [vala'ni] is a dead language which probably was spoken in the North of India by a mysterious tribe called Valanilamā. The unic proof of the existence of this ancient language is a couple of parchments which was rescued on the mountain Kāmet, not far from Tibet. The evidences report an accurate explanation of the main Valani phonetic rules, as well as prayers, songs and mystic tongue-twisters. It has been verified by some historical researches that Valanilamā people believed tongue-twisters to be a sort of gate to reach the Divinity with their own minds. This Divinity is often described as a kind of ecstastic condition of mind and body. This Divinity was called "Karā" (God, sun, light).

One of the strangest feature of Valani is that it has no numbers. The concept of singular and plural (or dual) was completely ignored by Valanilamā. Cardinal numbers were expressed by associations with natural elements or body parts. For example, to say the number 'two' they used the term "yumarǣ" which means 'eyes', 'both eyes', because every person has actually two eyes. To express the number one, they used the word "Karā" refering to the 'sun', because there's only 'one' sun on the earth.

This page use a latin transcription. You can see an example of the original Valani script here (link not available yet).

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n
Plosive p b t d
Fricative v ʃ x k g
Affricate
Approximant
Trill r
Flap or tap
Lateral fric.
Lateral app. l
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
Close i u
Near-close
Close-mid
Mid
Open-mid œ ɔ
Near-open æ
Open a

AlphabetEdit

Letter Pronunciation Examples

A a

/a/

amarta (mother)

Ā ā

/a:/

asā (proportion)

Æ æ

/æ/ sound between /a/ and /e̹/

bæmæ (to congratulate someone for a new born)

Ǣ ǣ

/æ:/ olǣ (heart)
B b /b/ buburika (to talk)
D d /d/ delokyo (to drink)
E e  /e̹/ efrasi (ice)
Ē ē /e̹:/ kelē (mouse)
F f /f/ fipalo (girl not married)
G g /g/ gapaso (path, trail)
H h /h/ homē (shame)
I i  /i/ ipipi (danger)
Ī ī /i:/ irī (love)
K k /k/ kupota (wet season)
L l  /l/ lamaki (food)
M m /m/ metorom (old man)
N n /n/ namam (beautiful woman)
O o /ɔ/ opo
Ō ō /ɔ:/ mehō (dignity)
P p /p/ pesā (holy man)
R r /r/ rana (big mountain)
S s /s/

/ʃ/

sabodī (noble)

usu (free)

T t /t/ tatare (discussion)
U u /u/ ugayelu (religion)
Ū ū /u:/ bavū (fear)
V v /v/ vurukā (holy child)


PhonotacticsEdit

GrammarEdit

Gender Cases Numbers Tenses Persons Moods Voices Aspects
Verb No No No No No No No No
Nouns No No No No No No No No
Adjectives No No No No No No No No
Numbers No No No No No No No No
Participles No No No No No No No No
Adverb No No No No No No No No
Pronouns No No No No No No No No
Adpositions No No No No No No No No
Article No No No No No No No No
Particle No No No No No No No No

NounsEdit

Nouns declensionsEdit

First declension: asā (proportion, balance), kamē (leaf / saddle), imī (pain), vilō (ritual), vegdū (books, wisdom);

CASES Suffixes
Nominative - asā, kamē, imī, vilō, vegdū
Specificative 

-kā, -gā

asokā, kamēgā, imikā, vilogā, vegdugā
Dative

-pī

asopī, kamepī, imipsī, vilopī, vegdupī
Accusative 

-gū

asogū, kamegū, imigū, vilogū, vegdugū
Comitative 

-ktā, -kā, -gā

asoktā, kamektā, imikā, viloktā, vegdugā
Inessive

-rī

asorī, kamerī, imirī, vilorī, vegdurī
Extressive

-vēt

asovēt, kamevēt, imivēt, vilovēt, vegduvēt
Causative

-ktī

asoktī, kamektī, imiktī, viloktī, vegduktī

Second declension: urgarǣ (brother)

Nom. - urgarǣ
Spec. 

(i) - kā

urgarikā
Dat.

(i) - nē

urgarinē
Acc.

(i) - yo

urgariyo
Com.

-

urgarǣ
In.

(i) -sī

urgarisī
Ex.

(i) -vōt

urgarivōt
Caus.

(i) -ksī

urgariksī
Nom. amarta, tatare, lamaki, gapaso, ugayelu
Spec. amartu, tatara, lamaka, gepasa, ugayela
Dat. amarti, tatari, lamaku, gepasi, ugayeli
Acc. amarte, tatare, lamake, gepase, ugayele
Com. amartaton, tatareton, lamakiton, gepasoton, ugayeluton
In. amartasi, tataresi, lamakisi, gepasosi, ugayelusi
Ex. amartavot, tatarevot, lamakivot, gapasovot, ugayeluvot
Caus. amartaksi, tatareksi, lamakiksi, gapasaksi, ugayeluksi

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit


No. English
1I
2you (singular)
3he
4we
5you (plural)
6they
7this
8that
9here
10there
11who
12what
13where
14when
15how
16not
17all
18many
19some
20few
21other
22one
23two
24three
25four
26five
27big
28long
29wide
30thick
31heavy
32small
33short
34narrow
35thin
36woman
37man (adult male)
38man (human being)
39child
40wife
41husband
42mother
43father
44animal
45fish
46bird
47dog
48louse
49snake
50worm
51tree
52forest
53stick
54fruit
55seed
56leaf
57root
58bark
59flower
60grass
61rope
62skin
63meat
64blood
65bone
66fat
67egg
68horn
69tail
70feather
71hair
72head
73ear
74eye
75nose
76mouth
77tooth
78tongue
79fingernail
80foot
81leg
82knee
83hand
84wing
85belly
86guts
87neck
88back
89breast
90heart
91liver
92drink
93eat
94bite
95suck
96spit
97vomit
98blow
99breathe
100laugh
101see
102hear
103know
104think
105smell
106fear
107sleep
108live
109die
110kill
111fight
112hunt
113hit
114cut
115split
116stab
117scratch
118dig
119swim
120fly
121walk
122come
123lie
124sit
125stand
126turn
127fall
128give
129hold
130squeeze
131rub
132wash
133wipe
134pull
135push
136throw
137tie
138sew
139count
140say
141sing
142play
143float
144flow
145freeze
146swell
147sun
148moon
149star
150water
151rain
152river
153lake
154sea
155salt
156stone
157sand
158dust
159earth
160cloud
161fog
162sky
163wind
164snow
165ice
166smoke
167fire
168ash
169burn
170road
171mountain
172red
173green
174yellow
175white
176black
177night
178day
179year
180warm
181cold
182full
183new
184old
185good
186bad
187rotten
188dirty
189straight
190round
191sharp
192dull
193smooth
194wet
195dry
196correct
197near
198far
199right
200left
201at
202in
203with
204and
205if
206because
207name


Example textEdit

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