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Vanawo

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Vanawo
Vanawo
Type Semi-agglutinative
Alignment Ergative-absolutive
Head direction Head-final
Tonal No
Declensions Yes
Conjugations Yes
Genders Three
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect
Meta-information
Progress 0%
Statistics
Nouns 0%
Verbs 0%
Adjectives 0%
Syntax 0%
Words of 1500
Creator [[User:|]]


Classification and DialectsEdit

Vanawo is a primarily suffixing agglutinative Southern Onderthaurnan language that bears heavy influence from Shihik languages. It occupies a niche similar to Latin in medieval times in the conworld of Onderthaurn.

As it was once a lingua franca  of the entire continent, many dialects exist. However, they have mostly centralized to a single dialect as other languages took over, though one, the Cresenda dialect, is almost a language in its own right. 

Vanawo uses eight cases: nominative/absolutive (unmarked), accusative/ergative (which also functions as a dative), lative, locative, ablative, comitative, instrumental, and genitive. Due to these cases, it is fairly topic-prominent in sentence order; however, a SOV is considered neutral and VOS is strictly enforced in questions.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Bilabial Labio-dental Dental Alveolar Post-alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Uvular Pharyngeal Epiglottal Glottal
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Plosive pʰ p b tʰ t d cʰ c ɟ kʰ k g ʔ
Fricative f v s z ʃ ʒ ç x ɦ
Affricate t͡s d͡z
Approximant l j ɥ ɰ w
Trill r
Flap or tap ɾ
Lateral fric.
Lateral app.
Lateral flap

VowelsEdit

Front Near-front Central Near-back Back
High i ɯ u
Near-high
High-mid e ɤ o
Mid ə
Low-mid
Near-low
Low a

Note: /i/ is often realized /ɨ/ on an unstressed syllable.

PhonotacticsEdit

Vanawo enforces a strict (C1)(R)V(C2) syllable structure, where C1 is any consonant, R is one of [w l r ɾ], and C2 is not a plosive.

[ʃ ʒ d] are commonly realized [t͡ʃ d͡ʒ ð̞] intervocally.

[h n] becomes [ɦ ŋ] during a syllable coda.

Stress is typically on the first syllable unless that syllable's vowel is /ə/, in which case the second syllable is stressed. Rarely, stress breaks these rules, in which case an acute accent represents this stress. A vowel that is already accented uses a double acute (i.e. a -> á, ù -> ű). Fricatives often geminiate and vowels often lengthen on stressed syllables, but this is not phonemic.

OrthographyEdit

Letter Aa Bb Cc Chch Cccc Dd Ee Èè Ff Gg Hh Ii
Sound /a/ /b/ /c/ /cʰ/ /ɟ/ /d/ /e/ /ə/ /f/ /g/ /h/, /ɦ/ /i/, /j/
Letter Kk Ll Mm Nn Ññ Oo Òò Phph Pp Rr Rhrh Ss
Sound /k/ /l/ /m/ /n/ /ɲ/ /o/ /ɤ/ /pʰ/ /p/ /r/ /ɾ/ /s/
Letter Śś Shsh Thth Tt Uu Ùù

Vv

Ww Xx Yy Zz Źź
Sound /ʃ/, t͡ʃ /s̪/ /tʰ/ /t/ /u/ /ɯ/ /v/ /w/, /ɰ/ /x/ /j/, /ɥ/ /z/ /ʒ/, /d͡ʒ/

GrammarEdit

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

LexiconEdit

Example textEdit

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