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| Vanawo |
|Nouns decline according to...|
|Verbs conjugate according to...|
Classification and DialectsEdit
Vanawo is a primarily suffixing agglutinative Southern Onderthaurnan language that bears heavy influence from Shihik languages. It occupies a niche similar to Latin in medieval times in the conworld of Onderthaurn.
As it was once a lingua franca of the entire continent, many dialects exist. However, they have mostly centralized to a single dialect as other languages took over, though one, the Cresenda dialect, is almost a language in its own right.
Vanawo uses eight cases: nominative/absolutive (unmarked), accusative/ergative (which also functions as a dative), lative, locative, ablative, comitative, instrumental, and genitive. Due to these cases, it is fairly topic-prominent in sentence order; however, a SOV is considered neutral and VOS is strictly enforced in questions.
|Plosive||pʰ p b||tʰ t d||cʰ c ɟ||kʰ k g||ʔ|
|Fricative||f v||s̪||s z||ʃ ʒ||ç||x||h ɦ|
|Approximant||l||j ɥ||ɰ w|
|Flap or tap||ɾ|
Note: /i/ is often realized /ɨ/ on an unstressed syllable.
Vanawo enforces a strict (C1)(R)V(C2) syllable structure, where C1 is any consonant, R is one of [w l r ɾ], and C2 is not a plosive.
[ʃ ʒ d] are commonly realized [t͡ʃ d͡ʒ ð̞] intervocally.
[h n] becomes [ɦ ŋ] during a syllable coda.
Stress is typically on the first syllable unless that syllable's vowel is /ə/, in which case the second syllable is stressed. Rarely, stress breaks these rules, in which case an acute accent represents this stress. A vowel that is already accented uses a double acute (i.e. a -> á, ù -> ű). Fricatives often geminiate and vowels often lengthen on stressed syllables, but this is not phonemic.
|Sound||/a/||/b/||/c/||/cʰ/||/ɟ/||/d/||/e/||/ə/||/f/||/g/||/h/, /ɦ/||/i/, /j/|
|Sound||/ʃ/, t͡ʃ||/s̪/||/tʰ/||/t/||/u/||/ɯ/||/v/||/w/, /ɰ/||/x/||/j/, /ɥ/||/z/||/ʒ/, /d͡ʒ/|