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Varrit

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Varrit
Bvareq Otan
Type
Fusional
Alignment
Head direction
left
Tonal
No
Declensions
Yes
Conjugations
Yes
Genders
Nouns decline according to...
Case Number
Definiteness Gender
Verbs conjugate according to...
Voice Mood
Person Number
Tense Aspect


General InformationEdit

Varrit (natively Bvareq Otan [ˈvɨə̯ɾɪʔ ˈɑ̝wʰtɜŋ]; Alemarese Veariq) is a language isolate spoken on the semi-autonomous Varrit Islands of Alemar, off the coast of Barejinia on the Chevin Peninsula.

PhonologyEdit

ConsonantsEdit

Labial Alveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n (ŋ)
Plosive lax p t ts k ʔ
aspirated tsʰ
ejective
Fricative voiceless f s x~h
voiced v z
Approximant j w
Flap ɾ
  • /n/ is realized as [ŋ] word-finally.
  • The lax series consonants are voiced when between two voiced sounds.
  • The aspirated series consonants are preaspirated after vowels.
  • The /h/ phoneme can be pronounced [x] or [h] in free variation, tending towards [x] in educated speech. It is however exclusively pronounced [x] in the coda.

VowelsEdit

Front Central Back
High ɪ ɨə̯ ʊ
Mid
Low æj ɜ ɑ̝w
  • The vowel system of Varrit used to be a simple ten vowel system: five short, five long, but it underwent something like the opposite of the Great Vowel Shift of English. Long vowels lowered, short vowels raised (except for short /i/ and /u/).
short long
/a/ [ɜ] /aa/ [ɨə̯]
/e/ [ɪ] /ee/ [æj]
/i/ [ɪ] /ii/ [eː]
/o/ [ʊ] /oo/ [ɑ̝w]
/u/ [ʊ] /uu/ [oː]

Stress Edit

Writing SystemEdit

Letter A B D Ð E F G H I J K L M
Sound /a/ /p/ /t/ * /e/ /f/ /k/ * /i/ /h/ /kʰ/ * /m/
Letter N O P Q R S T U V X Y Z Þ
Sound /n/ /o/ /pʰ/ /ʔ/ /r/ /s/ /tʰ/ /u/ /v/ * /j/ /z/ *
  • <ð>, <x>, <l>, and <þ> are only used in borrowed words and are natively pronounced /z/, /s/, /r/, and /s/ respectively. <h> is unpronounced is borrowed words and is used in native words in the digraph <vh>, which used to be its own letter.

Digraphs:

dz /ts/
ts /tsʰ/
tq /tʼ/
kq /kʼ/
vh /w/

Examples:

  • dzirris /tsiris/ [ˈtsɪɾɪs]
  • jummuts /humuutsʰ/ [ˈxʊmʊʰts]
  • tqinde /tʼintee/ [ˈtʼɪndæj]
  • akqin /aakʼin/ [ˈɨə̯kʼɪŋ]
  • vhettsu /wetsʰuu/ [ˈwɪʰtsoː]

NounsEdit

VerbsEdit

SyntaxEdit

VocabularyEdit

NumbersEdit

# name 8+# 8*#
0 biddiin [ˈpɪdeːn] pfrin [ˈfɾɪŋ] biddiin
1 vij [ˈvɪx] qam [ˈʔɜm] pfrin
2 berz [ˈpɪɾz] dzapfs [ˈtsɜfs] kqardo
3 moon [ˈmɑ̝wŋ] monfriin [ˈmʊɱfɾeːŋ] kqardo-pfrin
4 tqe [ˈtʼæj] tqefriin [ˈtʼɪfɾeːŋ] junders
5 qigs [ˈʔɪks] qigsfriin [ˈʔɪksfɾeːŋ] junders-pfrin
6 qassar [ˈʔɜsɜɾ] qassarfriin [ˈʔɜsɜɾfɾeːŋ] juuvz
7 zetto [ˈzɪʰtɑ̝w] zettofriin [ˈzɪʰtʊfɾeːŋ] juuvz-pfrin
8 pfrin [ˈfɾɪŋ] kqardo [ˈkʼɜɾdɑ̝w] jemissed

Example textEdit

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